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rolling-contact fatigue

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Rolling-contact fatigue (RCF) is a common failure mode in components subjected to rolling or rolling-sliding contact. This article provides a basic understanding of RCF and a broad overview of materials and manufacturing techniques commonly used in industry to improve component life. A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... characteristics of fatigue fractures followed by a discussion on the effects of loading and stress distribution, and material condition on the microstructure of the material. In addition, general prevention and characteristics of corrosion fatigue, contact fatigue, and thermal fatigue are also presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Inc. Fatigue caused by contact stress, such as rolling-contact loading, also frequently initiates subsurface. As illustrated in Fig. 6 , stresses generated by contact between two surfaces characteristically display a maximum shear stress component located beneath the surface. For sufficiently...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... a role, although wake contact effects due to plastic deformation are typically quite limited. More important in the MSC regime is the anisotropy of slip and its planar nature. Fig. 6 Characteristic variability of fatigue crack growth rate for microstructurally small cracks (MSC) in a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... intercrystalline manner. The wire was made of 304 stainless steel in the sensitized condition and was in contact with 316L components. Fatigue failure was also noted in bone screws with a high inclusion content. She also describes other examples where implants of high quality that met applicable standards suffered...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... after being in service for 8 h at 540 °C (1000 °F) in contact with a gas stream having the following composition (in vol%): 30% H 2 O, 12.6% H 2 , 0.43% Ar + O 2 , 35.2% N 2 , 8.4% CO, 11.7% CO 2 , 1.0% CH 4 , and 0.105% H 2 S. Particulate matter in contact with the tube contained 32 to 34 wt% C...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... phase attacked EDS (c) can help identify corrodent Wear debris and/or abrasive can be characterized as to morphology and composition Rolling contact fatigue looks like wear in early stages Multiple intergranular fissures covered with reaction scale Grain faces can show porosity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... composition Rolling-contact fatigue appears similar to wear in early stages Multiple intergranular fissures covered with reaction scale Grain faces may show porosity Metallographic inspection, 50 to 1000× (cross section) Grain distortion and flow near fracture Irregular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... bending force in addition to the torsional force. Fracture face has been severely rubbed and distorted in a circular direction due to contact with the mating fracture surface at the moment of separation. (D.J. Wulpi, Consultant) Fatigue fracture of 90-mm (3.6-in.) diam medium-carbon steel axle...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-hard brass strip 0.010 To perform a hardness test with either the Model C or the Model D Scleroscope hardness tester, the tester should be held or set in a vertical position, with the bottom of the barrel in firm contact with the workpiece. The hammer is raised to the elevated position and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forgings, because such high-hardness tools are too susceptible to breakage. Dies for still larger upset forgings made at lower rates may require higher strength at forging temperature and high alloy content because of the longer sustained contact time between the hot workpiece and the tools. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... illustrations. The article also describes microscopic and macroscopic features of the different fracture mechanisms with illustrations with emphasis on visual and light microscopy examination. The types of fractures considered include ductile fractures, tensile-test fractures, brittle fractures, fatigue...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Classification of Wear” in this article. Sometimes, erosive wear is classified as a third category. Erosive-type wear includes phenomena from liquid impingement and cavitation wear, as discussed in other articles in this Section on “Wear Failures.” Another special type of wear is contact fatigue, where cyclic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... relative motion between that surface and one or more contacting substances and generally consists of a progressive loss of material from the wearing surface. It may include oxidation, corrosion, creep, fatigue, frictional effects, battering from impact, pseudomachining due to rough surfaces, and the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... ensured by using the high-purity alloy. Ti-5Al-2.5Sn should never come in contact with liquid oxygen. Similar to grades 2 and 3 of unalloyed titanium. The standard alloy and its high-purity modification (Ti-5Al-2.5Sn-ELI) are highly resistant to many reactive substances (such as seawater and nitric...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Co (f) , 0.20–0.35 Si, 0.15 Al, 0.10 Cr Copper-tin-zinc and copper-tin-zinc-lead alloys (red and leaded red brasses): High-copper brasses with reasonable electrical conductivity and moderate strength. Used for electrical hardware, including cable connectors. C83300 131, contact metal S, C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... resistance of anodized aluminum in contact with foods, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals. aluminum alloys atmospheric corrosion corrosion corrosion fatigue erosion-corrosion exfoliation corrosion filiform corrosion galvanic corrosion intergranular corrosion microstructure nonmetallic building...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... where carbon steel requires protective coatings, unprotected aluminum alloys have performed well. In most cases protection is recommended for buried applications. Use of 2 xxx or 7 xxx alloys or their cast counterparts is generally not recommended. Stray-current effects and contact with more-cathodic...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... machines, mechanical presses, hydraulic presses, and screw presses, have been evaluated for use in powder forging. The essential characteristics that differentiate presses are contact time, stroke velocity, available energy and load, stiffness, and guide accuracy. Draft angles, which facilitate forging...