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rolled face-centered-cubic

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... homogeneous effective medium (HEM). The article analyzes the anisotropy predictions of rolled face-centered-cubic and body centered-cubic sheets and presents simulations of the axial deformation of hexagonal-close-packed zirconium. The applications of polycrystal constitutive models to the simulation of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract A15 refers to a cubic crystal type in the Strukturbericht System represented by the example Cr3Si. The intermetallic A3B compound is formed by a body-centered cubic (bcc) arrangement of B atoms with two A atoms centered in every face yielding orthogonal chain structures running through...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the analyzing and modeling of stress-strain behavior of polycrystals of pure face-centered cubic (fcc) metals in the range of temperatures and strain rates where diffusion is not important. It presents a phenomenological description of stress-strain behavior and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article presents the Schmid's law that describes the response of crystal structures to loading. It describes the Taylor model to calculate the uniaxial yield stress of an isotropic face-centered cubic aggregate in terms of critical resolved shear stress. The article discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., diffusionless (martensitic) phase transformation as occurs with face-centered cubic to hexagonal close-packed transformation in cobalt-chromium alloys, stacking faults and twins and their role in this transformation. It also includes strengthening mechanisms that are responsible for the mechanical properties of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms, models, prevention, correction, and effects associated with decarburization inherited from semi-finished product processing prior to induction heating. It discusses the diffusion of carbon in austenitic iron, which has a face-centered cubic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Austenitic stainless steels exhibit a single-phase, face-centered cubic structure that is maintained over a wide range of temperatures. This article reviews the compositions of standard and nonstandard austenitic stainless steels. It summarizes the important aspects of solidification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... distinct sets of texture development mechanisms: Austenite (face-centered cubic, or fcc) deformation (during hot rolling) Austenite recrystallization (during and after hot rolling) The gamma-to-alpha transformation (on cooling after rolling) Ferrite (body-centered cubic, or bcc) deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... steels. Rolling-contact fatigue (RCF) occurs in rolling contacts such as bearings, rolls, and gears. The article provides a discussion on rolling-contact fatigue of nitrided steels for aerospace bearing components. nitrocarburized steels nitriding nitrogen carbon nitrocarburizing sulfur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... structure. While this phase has the same composition as the face-centered cubic austenite from which it transformed, it is stronger, harder, and somewhat needlelike in microstructural appearance. The volume of this phase that forms during cold work is dependent on the alloy composition, amount of cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., roads, and railways. In its basic form, steel is a combination of iron and carbon. Many steels also contain other alloying elements in various combinations and quantities. During high-temperature thermomechanical processing, steel ordinarily consists of single-phase austenite face-centered cubic. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... and when at least one perpendicular distance between parallel faces (thickness) is over 3 8 in. (10 mm). Wire refers to a product, regardless of its cross-sectional shape, whose diameter or greatest perpendicular distance between parallel faces is less than 3 8 in. (10 mm). Rod...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... similar to cleavage. Although twin parting is unusual in face-centered cubic (fcc) alloys, similar facets have been observed in hydrogen-charged Tenelon (UNS S21400) and Nitronic 40 (UNS S21900) and in stress-corrosion cracking of type 304 in MgCl 2 . Fig. 639 : Ductility minimum in hydrogen-charged type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... principal values of two linearly transformed stress deviators (see below). Recommended values for the exponent a are 6 and 8 for body-centered cubic and face-centered cubic metals, respectively. Yield condition σ ¯ = { φ 2 } 1 / a = h ( ε ¯ ) Work...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... ′ ′ , S ˜ 2 ′ ′ ) are the principal values of two linearly transformed stress deviators (see below). Recommended values for the exponent a are 6 and 8 for body-centered cubic and face-centered cubic metals, respectively. Yield condition σ ¯ = { ϕ 2 } 1 / a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... ductility. The ductility is lowest at approximately 650 °C (1200 °F) and then increases with temperature. This reduced ductility is caused by strain aging, which is characteristic of body-centered cubic metals. Fig. 2 Effect of temperature on strength and elongation of vacuum-annealed (recrystallized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... typical ductile-to-brittle transition (austenitic steels, being face-centered cubic, do not have a ductile-to-brittle transition). The high nickel content reduces upper-shelf fracture energy—but to a level that is still quite acceptable for most applications. Chromium raises the transition temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... be work hardened by forming small platelets of hexagonal close-packed phase in the face-centered cubic matrix, thus the nomenclature “MP” (multiphase). These alloys are typically used in the work-hardened and aged condition, where the purpose of the aging treatment is to stabilize the two phases that...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003090
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... substitutional. In an interstitial solid solution, elements with small atomic diameter, for example, carbon and nitrogen, occupy specific interstitial sites in the body-centered cubic (bcc) iron crystalline lattice. These sites are essentially the open spaces between the larger iron atoms. In a substitutional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... second lowest of metals) is 1.8477 g/cm 3 (0.0667 lb/in. 3 ). Beryllium has a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) crystal structure, referred as α-beryllium. At temperatures of approximately 1250 °C (2280 °F) up to its melting point, beryllium transforms to a body-centered cubic crystal structure. Lattice...