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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion of principal parts of mining equipment such as mine shafts, wire rope, rock bolts, and pump and piping systems. It discusses the diagnosis and prevention of various types of corrosion including uniform corrosion, pitting corrosion, crevice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... itself helped to popularize this type of protection in many climbing communities. The variety and complexity of available retrievable protection hardware is quite extensive today. Bolts are placed in a rock face by drilling a suitable opening in the rock. Consequently, a drill, drill bits, and bolts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... and lateral compressions. The lateral compression may be applied through a pneumatic pressure vessel or dynamically using a special Hopkinson technique. This article reviews these two techniques in detail. It illustrates a 75-mm Hopkinson system, particularly designed to test large samples of concrete, rock...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... sleeves, automotive bolts, hydraulic jack shafts, crank handle collars, boiler tubes, drive shafts, bicycle pedal axles, lift-truck hydraulic-piston rods, and steel springs. boilers delayed fracture fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractograph impact fracture intergranular fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Carbon steel was an earlier candidate for the container material in the United States. This is no longer the case; however, the characterization of the corrosion behavior of carbon steels in Yucca Mountain type environments is still important since other components (e.g., rock bolts, tunnel ribs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... applied. (c) A second flood coating of microcrystalline wax seals the outerwrap for extra protection. (d) Backfilling can begin immediately, because microcrystalline wax has no curing time. A rock shield is unnecessary when the backfill material is not rocky. Fig. 12 Melted microcrystalline wax...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...Effect of thread form on fatigue strength of bolt steel Table 1 Effect of thread form on fatigue strength of bolt steel Steel Tensile strength, ksi Thread form Fatigue limit (a) , ksi Notch factor ( K f ) (b) Stress concentration factor ( K t ) 0.3% C 57.4 None 37 ksi...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... balloted but not yet approved at the time of this writing. Fig. 1 Typical failure modes for bolted joints in advanced composites Fig. 2 Longitudinal or transverse tensile static and fatigue specimens. (a) Ply drop-off specimen. (b) Plain specimen. (1) Bond glass-epoxy tabs with an epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... howitzer. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Cut-away view of the ring gear and bolt showing stress-corrosion cracking. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 3 Severe pitting on the surface of the aluminum alloy ring gear. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 6 Failed M119 firing platform. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for both bolts and mating nuts: zinc-plated carbon steel The SEM evaluation of bolt fracture surfaces identified an intergranular fracture mode featuring a “rock candy” appearance. A cross section of one of the fracture surfaces revealed secondary intergranular cracks and the presence of a thick...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a petrochemical plant Fig. 22 (a) Energy-dispersive and (b) wavelength-dispersive x-ray spectra of a multicomponent glass. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 1 Intersection of two cracks. Crack “B” has been arrested at crack “A,” which occurred first. Fig. 2 Bolt that failed in fatigue. The smooth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... 2 Bolt that failed in fatigue. The smooth dark areas are from initial fatigue cracking, now coated with dark adherent oxide. This initial cracking took place some years prior to the later fracture, the surface of which is covered by a less adherent rust coating. Fig. 3 Electrical...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and there is inadequate mold or core breakdown to allow normal thermal contraction with cooling. Large cores, such as those used in pump volutes, and even small cores used to form bolt holes, can cause cracking of this type. Shrinkage allowance is 13 to 21 mm/m ( 5 32 to 1 4 in./ft); a commonly...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... electrical potential crack monitoring system Fig. 12 Bolt-on attachment of crack-opening displacement transducer to fatigue test specimen Fig. 13 Bolt-on hardened knife-edge attachment of crack-opening displacement transducer to fatigue test specimen Fig. 14 Attachment of crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... acceleration loads. These result from higher-frequency dynamic testing when the rocking movement generated by the mass of the transducer is carried to the bolt-on attachment through the transducer frame. This attachment system is preferred when a transducer has high mass or an effective mass center...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as fretting, fatigue, and corrosion fatigue; accordingly, a compromise in dimensioning is often the safest procedure. Bolts, studs, and other threaded fasteners are often pretorqued so that they are under tensile stresses that are significant fractions of the yield strength, making them a frequent victim...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... “Standard Guide for Determining Synergism between Wear and Corrosion,” G 119, Wear and Erosion: Metal Corrosion , Vol 03.02 , ASTM 44. Borik F. and Sponseller D.L. , Gouging Abrasion Test for Materials Used in Ore and Rock Crushing, Part I: Description of the Test , J. Mater. , Vol...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2