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robustness

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003989
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... continuing efforts to reduce the cost and time associated with developing new cogging sequences, increase the yield, make the processes more robust, and increase the quality of the produced product. billets cogging numerical modeling presses transportation equipment PRIMARY METAL SUPPLIERS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., however, taken a turn for the better with the advent of neural networks, which permit the discovery of fundamental relationships and quantitative structure within vast arrays of ill-understood data. The significant factor in this success has been in the understanding of the rules for creating robust...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and the tool to wear prematurely. The design of the machine is robust to provide the needed rigidity. To open and close the die straight: The machine must also provide the correct amount of clamping force to seal the die parting line, operate core slides and locks, and hold the die closed against...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... metal flow velocities and the high pressures applied during solidification destroy most cores, and those robust enough to withstand HPDC processing parameters cannot then be easily removed from the solidified part. Some salt cores are routinely used in HPDC, as are some low-melting-temperature metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... recommendations that would lead to a widespread ICME capability ( Ref 2 ). Although ICME is still in its infancy, it has great potential for producing more robust simulations to optimize components, alloys, and manufacturing processes in a fully-coupled manner. Other articles in this Volume also provide further...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...” related to qualitative non-property considerations. The design must be producible. This means robust processes must be selected that have known statistical variation and will yield features or complete parts that lie well within the specification limits. This design for manufacturability approach is...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is quite suitable; however, melts often contain a significant fraction of returns, and refinement fades over time. Thus, a more robust and reliable method is to treat each melt with phosphorus according to its specific need. The AlP 3 particles have an affinity for each other and seem to lose...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... comparable to an analytical gear checker is typically deployed. By removing the error introduced by hand-testing and operator dexterity, MBN techniques can be robust when implemented in the manufacturing environment. Automation allows for the repeatable scanning and mapping of tooth surfaces, as seen in Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... formed at the orifice and interface. Common applications of the ICP-MS technique include isotope ratio analysis and trace impurities for pharmaceutical or biological applications. However, ICP-MS instruments are less robust than ICP-OES, and consumables as well as maintenance can be rather expensive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... a function of casting surface temperature provides more robust results than specifying h a as function of time. However, specifying h as a function of interface contact condition (e.g., gap size or contact pressure) can provide more accurate results if appropriate input data are available and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... algorithm is one that can be described by Eq 7 . This represents a hugely important class of algorithms, including the majority of classical array beamforming methods as well as TFM-based methods. Linear algorithms have two extremely attractive attributes for NDE: They are robust to noise and equipment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... assembly (DFMA) Design for quality Robust design (Taguchi method) Statistical process control (SPC) Total quality management (TQM) Reliability in design Quantitative determination Reliability testing Redesign Design review Simplification and standardization Functional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... important to keep in mind when root cause(s) could have been introduced. Table 3 lists some examples. It is often difficult to assign a failure to a single phase of problem creation. Many times, there are complex interactions. Only an integrated design approach will create robust processes and thus robust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... chromatography, or GC). This article is dedicated to gas chromatography. Gas chromatography is the method of choice for analyzing mixtures made up of anything that can be heated to form stable vapors. Gas chromatography is robust (can be used with minimal preparation), is rapid (minutes), and is efficient at...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., multiscale process models attempting to be flexible enough to accommodate common processing conditions and methods, robust enough to be predictive, and accessible enough to be applicable ( Ref 15 ). This is an enormous task and an area of active multidisciplinary research ( Ref 8 ). At this point, the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... these specialized differencing techniques have the robustness, generality, and efficiency to deal with the variety of problems presented in engineering applications. For the near future, then, the use of various unstructured-mesh approaches is expected to dominate in engineering applications of CFD...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... control functions were accommodated on Shuttle missions as “locker” experiments and so-called “get-away specials.” Small microgravity experiments could also be operated by trained astronauts in the Middeck Glovebox. The most robust configurations for microgravity solidification experiments, however, were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... models tend to be the most robust. Examples of mechanistic models comprise phase-field approaches for microstructure evolution, such as solidification, grain growth, and solid-state precipitate growth. In each of these cases, the mechanisms that control the migration of grain or interface boundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... computation speed. Two major submodels of PrecipiCalc are CALPHAD thermodynamics and mobility databases, and a key PrecipiCalc model parameter is matrix/precipitate interfacial energy. To decouple the interaction of these model parameters, an attempt was made to develop a robust calibration protocol ( Ref 12...