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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Abstract Abstract Induction heat treating is used in the off-road machinery industry for hardening steel and cast iron components used in a wide range of applications. This article focuses on the usage of induction hardening components in the industry, and discusses the basic requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... details of the components involved in material extrusion as well as the melt extrusion solidification (during cooling) process, the underlying mechanism of road bonding, and the factors affecting good part quality. The discussion also covers support material, postprocessing, and road-quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... automotive systems at once. It describes the various factors for a complete vehicle testing, including wear from road grit, dirt, salt load, elevated temperatures, and mechanical effects such as chafing and fretting. The article discusses the four main test blocks, namely, driving sequence on various proving...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... a number of maintenance philosophies. The article concludes with a discussion on various condition monitoring in industrial sectors, including condition-monitoring techniques in nuclear power plants, road condition monitoring, and condition monitoring in wind turbines. acoustic emission testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a short time travel of the evolution of cast iron from witchcraft to virtual cast iron, a road paralleled by the gigantic stride from a low-quality, corrupt metal to the high-tech material that it is today. It presents a chronological list of developments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of components during accelerated testing. For larger systems and vehicles, testing is performed using proving-ground-type accelerated corrosion tests (road tests). A road test is a combination of driving mileage and corrosion inputs used to simulate the expected vehicle mission profile ( Ref 6 ). A vehicle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... is not so simple to characterize. The use of road deicing salts, mainly sodium chloride, in North America has increased tenfold since the 1950s and varies dramatically among different geographical regions and within different state road jurisdictions. Some locales use combinations of sodium chloride...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of stainless steel. With an average North American annual production of 16 million light trucks and cars, the exhaust industry yearly consumes large volumes of stainless alloys, including many miles of fabricated tubing. There are close to 200 million vehicles on North American roads, which means that a new...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006700
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... and elongation values, is developed in a special grade of Alcoa (now Arconic) for road tankers ( Ref 1 ). This is in response to the latest requirements of the Agreement for Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Road regulations in Europe. A dent-resistant temper also has been developed for computer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... equipment; missile components; and armor plate. In 2003, the European Union introduced new requirements for alloys to meet higher standards of puncture resistance in the road transportation of hazardous goods such as gasoline. The alloys 5083- and 5086-H111 could not meet the new requirements, primarily due...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and voltage of electric power supplies vary from one country to another. Some are 110 V, others 220. Some are 50 Hz, others 60. In addition, all the connecting plugs are different. Even the side of a road on which one drives presents compatibility problems. Approximately 50 countries, notably the United...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... This is extruded through a heated nozzle, which deposits a thin “road” of material ( Fig. 3 ). First, roads are extruded to form the outline of the part. These roads are then filled in to complete the layer. Since the material is optimally softened and not fully liquefied when it exits the nozzle, FDM generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... diagram of material extrusion is shown in Fig. 15 . The material is deposited crudely as a cylindrical shape with a circular or oval cross section, the axis of which as-deposited is termed the road path. The road-path pattern is typically varied between layers to improve structural integrity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in camshaft lobes by duplicating light city driving conditions, with wear requirements similar to those for Sequence IVA. The Sequence IVA 1994 engine is replaced with an engine that better represents cars currently on the road. Sequence IIIH—Viscosity and Piston Deposits General Motors Co. (GM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... in the chemical and process industries. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical and mechanical properties, and fabrication characteristics of this 5xxx series alloy. Reference Reference 1. Alcoa 5454 Alloy: Aluminum Alloy Road Transport and Plate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... as hot melts to piping interiors and exteriors as well as to water tank interiors as linings. They are widely used in the road-paving industry and as roofing and waterproofing materials. All of these applications are the results of the high water and moisture resistance of both asphalts and coal tars...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... on the operating conditions and the end use of the product. For brakes used in traditional ground vehicle and aircraft applications, brake pad/lining, drum/rotor, tire compound, and road surface are four important components to define an effective braking to stop a vehicle or an aircraft. Also, the value...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and areas, with illustrations. The article concludes with a discussion on the common methods of coating systems applications on bridge structures and key elements in coating condition assessment. References References 1. 2014 Bridge Inventory , Better Roads Mag ., Randall Reilly Publishing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... popular, and their resurgence has a large impact on the city street—above and below ground. City streets are both traffic rights-of-ways and utility corridors. On downtown streets, electric rail transit shares the road with water, sewer, natural gas and fuel lines, electric power, communication...
Book Chapter

By Lance A. Ealey
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... The American company, however, was using conformance to specification as its quality standard, while the Japanese company was building every transmission as close to the target specification as it possibly could. After the transmissions had been on the road for a while, it became apparent that the American...