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risk mitigation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... to mitigate the hazards. Information on risk assessment presented in this article provides a logical approach that can be taken to minimize risk and maximize thermal spray practitioners' safety. There are basically four steps to improving operational safety by using RAs: identifying the risks for each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006960
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... personnel protection equipment Inert gas leaks causing depletion of oxygen level When designing an AM facility, all the aforementioned factors must be considered to ensure that the AM facility is safe to operate. Process-Specific Risk and Mitigation Methods Additive manufacturing uses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to brittle fracture. Additionally, a series of case study examples are presented that demonstrate assessment procedures used to mitigate the risk of brittle fracture in process equipment. brittle fracture carbon steel failure assessment diagrams low-alloy steel piping pressure vessels risk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... consideration using the four key considerations as a guide, coupled with thorough review prior to fabrication of custom part tooling, is vital in mitigating the development risks and ensuring a successful project outcome. Making changes and alterations to a computer-aided design (CAD) file takes some investment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Abstract This article discusses the safety issues associated with the design and operation of thermal spray booths and spray box structures and the equipment or systems required for operating thermal spray processes. It describes the design elements necessary to mitigate sound, dust and fume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0007022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... technologies, the industry is confident in the manufacturing outcomes and well prepared to mitigate risk. The introduction of digitally intense AM has posed a challenge to conventional qualification. Although the conventional qualification principles can be applied to AM, there are numerous significant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... superimpose on vibrational stresses (which are otherwise fully reversing), creating a significantly higher peak stress level compared with vibrational stresses alone. The risk of large, superimposed stresses should be mitigated during design of the inspection procedure by identifying locations that would...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article focuses on the environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) of structural materials in boiling water reactors (BWRs), reactor pressure vessels, core internals, and ancillary piping. It discusses the effects of water chemistry on materials degradation, mitigation approaches...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract Risk and hazard analysis can be effectively used during design reviews to provide valuable feedback to the design to avoid failures. This article discusses the types of risks, namely, real risk, statistical risk, predicted risk, and perceived risk. It describes the principle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... constructed pipelines, locating areas of stray-current pickup and discharge, identifying possible shorted casings and defective electrical isolation devices, locating possible high-pH stress-corrosion cracking risk areas, and locating areas at risk of external corrosion. Storage tanks are designed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Abstract During metal powder production, powder and/or dust handling, compaction, and part finishing operations, many safety and environmental risks exist. This article is a detailed account of the types of safety hazards that can exist and the issues that occur during metal powder handling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and the related mitigation measures required to manage the risk. This will also identify any low-risk items that can be safely excluded from the inspection program. Such items should be periodically reevaluated in case a future change in service condition or operation may make it necessary to add them...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... A fundamental understanding of the purpose of the various levels of a building block program, along with the type and complexity of analyses used in interpreting test data at the various levels, is critical in achieving risk mitigation and cost minimization objectives. Figure 1 presents a simplified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to coated as well as bare pipe; however, all inspection methods do not apply to both coated and bare pipe and may require different interpretation based upon the particular application. Step 1: Preassessment (Assessment of Risk and Threats) The preassessment action step consists of the collection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...). Develop corrective actions: List possible solutions to mitigate and prevent recurrence of the problem. Generate alternatives. Develop implementation plan. Validate and verify corrective actions: Test corrective actions in pilot study. Measure effectiveness of change. Validate improvements. Verify...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... stainless steel steel corrosion corrosion prevention method corrosion under insulation stress corrosion cracking CORROSION UNDER INSULATION (CUI) is a well-understood problem and mitigation methods are well established; however, it is pervasive and continues to cost the process industry many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... As a consequence, large magnitude stray currents occurred along the length of the transit system. Today stray current is mitigated, in part, by construction with continuously welded and cross-bonded rail, and high resistance rail-to-earth track, referred to as track-to-earth resistance since the rails are cross...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... in determining potential corrosion mitigation actions. Thus, a brief review of the equilibrium thermodynamics at the metal/solution interface is given below, because it is relevant to the arguments that are given in a later section of this article, “Forms of Corrosion and General Mitigation Approaches...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by eliminating or mitigating the potential effects of item failures. FMEA consists of examining the modes and causes of item failures and determining the product response to the failures. Steps can then be taken to change the design in order to eliminate the failure, mitigate its effects, or develop compensating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006962
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... measures is an important way to mitigate risks. For this purpose, multiple frameworks have been published for developing a security strategy; the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Cybersecurity Framework ( Ref 33 ) and the Risk Management Framework ( Ref 34 ) can both be adapted for AM...