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risk assessment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Abstract Risk assessments (RAs) must be customized to the specific workplaces and to the actual work being performed. It is performed to make the workers and their management aware of the hazards in the work environment, identify each risk in a methodical manner, and put in place a plan to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... infrared (IR) analysis and thermal analyses that are used extensively to fingerprint polymeric materials and should be a part of all polymeric biomaterials characterization programs. It also provides a discussion on the chemical characterization and risk assessment of extracts. Background information on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... fracture. Additionally, a series of case study examples are presented that demonstrate assessment procedures used to mitigate the risk of brittle fracture in process equipment. brittle fracture carbon steel failure assessment diagrams low-alloy steel piping pressure vessels risk mitigation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article explains how an engineer might go about assessing the risk of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in an industrial situation. It describes the systems that are susceptible to the effects of MIC by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). The article discusses the effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract Through detection of the wear, risk assessment can be performed, along with a related time to failure estimation through technologies such as electrical signature analysis (ESA) and motor current signature analysis. This article discusses the principle of operation of data...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
..., ultraviolet light, and mechanical hazards. The means selected for safeguarding personnel must be based on a formal risk assessment that meets ANSI/RIA standards. The safeguards include sensing devices, barriers, awareness signals, procedures, and training. It also provides guidelines that are intended to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... , Reliability and Risk Assessment , John Wiley & Sons , 1993 • Bowen J. , Safety-Critical Systems and the World Wide Web , Safety Systems: The Safety-Critical Systems Club Newsletter , Vol 4 ( No. 2 ), Jan 1995 . Contains reference to Safety-Critical Systems Archive on World Wide Web...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... sampling probabilistic analysis probability of failure response surface method risk analysis system reliability target reliability time-variant reliability APPLICATION of probabilistic analysis methods for life assessment of structural components is becoming more prevalent because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002386
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Abstract This article describes the basis of operating stress maps based on failure assessment diagrams, which are used to assess potential fracture in the whole range of conditions from brittle to fully plastic behavior. It discusses the factors influencing the process of constructing an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004110
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... determine if the ECDA process can be applied over the pipeline or a segment of the pipeline. ECDA specific data analysis includes many of the same data elements that are typically considered in the overall pipeline risk (threat) assessment. Depending on the operator's integrity management plan, operating...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Force on Risk-Based In-service Inspection , Proc. European-American Workshop on Determination of Reliability and Validation Methods on NDE , Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Zerstorungsfreie Prufung, Berlin, 1997 , p 169 – 184 28. Taylor T. , Impact of Performance Demonstration on U.S. Codes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... influences on strength and fatigue properties. Companion knowledge of ongoing load history and detailed reinspections are intended to further mitigate operational risk, while extending service life. Likewise, other advances have raised challenges for nondestructive tests and their evaluation for life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... throughout the world, such as those cited in Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 . The concept of performing fitness-for-service assessments using a failure-assessment diagram (FAD) was first proposed in 1975. These diagrams provide a convenient method of assessing the risk of failure by brittle fracture, ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... catastrophic manner. The ductile-to-brittle transition temperature can be above room temperature, putting at risk structures that operate below room temperature. This occurs in tanks such as molasses tanks, pressure vessels, ships such as the Liberty warships, and high-strength alloy steel structures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mat , general J -integral fracture toughness of material; δ mat , general CTOD toughness of material Also, R6 ( Ref 3 ) and BS 7910 ( Ref 7 ) give guidance on reliability, partial safety factors, number of fracture toughness tests, selection of failure risk for Levels 2 and 3, and sensitivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... visual inspection, and non-invasive inspection. Inspection execution, risk-based inspection, competence assurance of inspection personnel, inspection coverage, inspection periodicity, inspection anomaly criteria, assessment of fitness, and reporting requirements, are also discussed. The article addresses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... tss.asminternational.org/portal/site/tss/ “Safety Guidelines for Performing Risk Assessments” American Welding Society (AWS) C2.16 “Guide for Thermal Spray Operators” American Welding Society 8669 Doral Blvd., Suite 130 Doral, FL 33166 www.aws.org Occupational Safety and Health Administration ( OSHA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... detection as a function of defect size. This curve can be used as one of multiple inputs to calculate risk of failure or other related safety factors when NDE-based inspections are used as a component of risk management. It is important to note what a POD assessment can and cannot provide. It can provide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of Allowable Stress of Corrosion Fatigue (Focused on the Influence of Pitting) , Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. , Vol 8 , 1985 , p 115 – 127 10.1111/j.1460-2695.1985.tb01198.x 29. Biagiotti S.F. Jr. , and Gloven M.P. , “Pipeline Risk Assessment and Effective Resource...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Prevention (PP or P 2 ), places source reduction at the head of the list for pollution prevention; firms that must report under TRI must also report level of pollution prevention accomplishments Clean Air Act, 1970 (CAA) Controlled chemicals list, allowed EPA to assess risk and act to prevent harm; EPA...