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resource recovery

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article describes selected U.S. environmental statutes and regulations that are pertinent to material surface finishers. It provides information on the applicability, requirements, and permitting conditions of the Clean Air Act, the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... recommended by the federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations. This article explains the selection considerations of such fluids, as well as the applications and environmental issues related to the grinding processes. finishing finishing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Solid Waste Amendments of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act gave the EPA and state agencies the power to regulate companies that generate more than 100 kg (220 lb) per month of hazardous waste. Waste that contains chromium falls into the so-called “third-third” category (can be disposed of if...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... on the properties and grades of gallium arsenide and on the resources of gallium. The Article also describes the techniques for recovering gallium from bauxite, zinc ore, and other sources. It explains the fabrication process and the secondary recovery process of gallium arsenide crystals and some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Nitric acid is also a key component in the manufacturing of adipic acid and terephthalic acid. Other uses include the production of industrial explosives such as nitroglycerin and trinitrotoluene (TNT), dyes, plastics, synthetic fibers, and in metal pickling and the recovery of uranium. The basic HNO 3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of elevated-temperature processing. In general, this approach is adopted in order to avoid dramatic work hardening and possible cracking or failure by allowing thermally activated recovery and recrystallization mechanisms to occur. In the case of magnesium, elevated-temperature processing is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract Precious metals are of inestimable value to modern civilization. This Article discusses the resources and consumption, trade practices, and special properties of precious metals and its alloys, including ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, silver, osmium, iridium, platinum, and gold, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article reviews some of the trends in superalloy development as they relate to U.S. strategic materials availability and the aerospace industry. It discusses the supply sources and availability of strategic materials and summarizes the status of U.S. resources and reserves. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... terms of resource conservation, then, the recycling of reinforced plastics has extremely limited utility compared to reduction of fuels usage or the recycling of unreinforced plastics. Figure 4 also shows why the burning of waste plastics and composites for energy recovery is so appealing to some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Degreasing , 3rd ed. , ASTM • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulations , 29 CFR part 1910 • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) , 40 CFR 190–299 • Solvent Cleaning , Electroplating Engineering Handbook , 4th ed. , Van Nostrand Reinhold , p 121 – 147...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... indicators of cell performance. It schematically illustrates the typical costs producing aluminum in an aluminum smelter. The article also discusses various environmental issues, such as fluoride recovery; perfluorocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and sulfur emissions; spent pot lining; and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and production. It discusses corrosion problems that are specific to the various types of environments or equipment used in secondary recovery, including producing wells, producing flow lines, and injection wells. Corrosion mitigation methods and guidelines are also discussed for each type of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Avionic Scrap for Resource Recovery,” Report of Investigations 8499, Bureau of Mines , 1980 67. Johns L. , “Strategic Materials: Technologies to Reduce U.S. Import Vulnerability,” Assessment OTA-1TE-248, U.S. Congress, Office of Technology , May 1985 68. Dunning B.W. Jr...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003705
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... economy is concerned with money as a resource and as the price of other resources. Business success requires the prudent and efficient use of all resources, including money. The principles of engineering economy permit direct comparisons of potential alternatives in monetary terms. In this way, they...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... State regulations. In either case, violation of environmental law is a violation of criminal law—which is a powerful command and control-driven incentive. Table 1 Major environmental legislation in the United States Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 1976 (RCRA) Clarified waste disposal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... should be identified clearly and removed easily. A significant industry is already in the business of recycling automobiles. However, the procedures now used can be refined to simplify separation and improve the rate of recovery of the various materials designed into the vehicles. Renault's...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... raw materials. Because of the ensuing economic and legislative incentives, recycled metals are now recognized as a vast source of natural resources for recovery. Today, recycled scrap is a major raw material for the metals industry, supplying up to 100% of the feedstock for some products...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... that may be associated with each cleaning method and the general control measures to be used for each hazard are tabulated. cleaning health hazards heat treatment qualitative test quantitative test resource recovery steel surface treatment SURFACE TREATMENT is an important step for all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... limited resources are efficiently used and that the readiness of the military is not compromised by materials failures. Military assets include more than 350,000 ground and tactical vehicles, 15,000 aircraft, 1000 strategic missiles, 300 ships, and facilities worth roughly $435 billion (U.S.). Since the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6