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resin toughness

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... damage. It describes the effects of defects, such as wrinkles in aircraft structures, and the reduction in compressive strength and tensile strength. The article reviews low velocity impacts in aircraft structures in terms of resin toughness, laminate thickness, specimen size and impactor mass, and post...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... spectroscopyGPC Processibility RDS viscosityGel timeVolatile contentMoisture content Reactivity DSC ARC Cured neat resin Completeness of cure Glass transition DSC Solvent/H 2 O resistance Glass transition, wetMoisture weight gainSolvent weight gainInterlaminar fracture toughness ( G Ic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 527 BTDA/DMBz/NE ( Ref 25 , 26 ) 433 810 316 600 316 600 8 420 790 275 527 PE Ultem 3000 (Ref 15 ) 230 450 370 700 … … … … … 250 482 3FDA/p-PDA/NE (Ref 35 ) 310 590 371 700 370 700 20 385 730 316 600 Relationship of resin toughness to cost Table 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...× objective As shear strains in the interply reached a critical value, the resolved tensile strains initiated cracks 45 degrees to the shear plane, becoming hackles as the crack tips linked together ( Fig. 6b ). The hackle spacing provides qualitative information about resin toughness and strength...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... is an attractive comonomer for BMIs because the corresponding copolymer is tough and temperature resistant ( Ref 15 ). Toughness, however, is a function of the BMI-DABA ratio employed in the resin mix. In one study, optimized toughness properties were achieved when BMI and DABA were employed at a close to 2:1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... , and Kausch H.H. , Parameters Determining the Strength and Toughness of Particulate- Filled Epoxy Resins , Polym.Compos. , Vol 8 ( No. 5 ), 1987 , p 314 – 323 42. Gordon S. , Modern Plastics Encyclopedia , 1991 , p 167 – 170 43. Air Products Data Sheet for Anchamine 2143 44...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... with styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN), polycarbonate (PC), polystyrene (PS), K-resin, styrene methyl methacrylate copolymer, cellulosics, and clear ABS. Material selection is based on a combination of factors: price, processibility, weathering requirement, scratch resistance, toughness, degree of transparency...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... conventional toughness modifiers, such as thermoplastics and high-molecular-weight elastomers, cannot be used in these systems, since the viscosity is increased to an unacceptable level. If the viscosity of these systems is too high, long infusion times may be required, and the resin may gel before complete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with the pigment (such as red or white lead, with the addition of the metallic dryer) to form the complete coating. More commonly, however, the drying oil is combined with a resin, such as an alkyd, epoxy ester, or polyurethane, by heating or cooking. The resin adds toughness and chemical resistance to the oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... is a major cause of composite failure ( Ref 17 , 18 ). It is known that by increasing only the resin thickness in the interlayer region, the fracture toughness of composites can be significantly improved, providing a more unconstrained plastic zone during failure ( Ref 19 ). Unfortunately, the improvement...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... (grade A ingot) 1.36 2.38 Magnesium (ingot) 0.29 0.51 Brass (ingot) 1.25 2.18 Mild steel (sheet) 0.27 0.47 Amino resin thermoset 0.85 1.49 Nylon 6/6 0.25 0.44 Aluminum (ingot) 0.78 1.37 Aluminum (ingot) 0.21 0.37 Phenolic thermoset 0.75 1.31 PMMA 0.19 0.33 Silicon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... polybasic acid and an oxidizable acid derived from a drying oil produced a new form of resinous material that was soluble at ordinary temperatures. This material, Kienle said, is “convertible by contact with the air at ordinary temperatures to a hard, tough state,” and when applied to a metal or other...
Book Chapter

By Don Smith
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
.... Carbon Resin RPU 70 (d) Parts requiring strength, toughness, and moderate heat resistance Carbon Resin EPX 82 (e) Automotive and industrial prototypes and consumer applications. Toughness, stiffness, and temperature resistance Carbon Resin FPU 50 (f) Parts requiring repetitive stress...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and the part is raised to sintering temperature. At lower temperatures, partial recovery occurs. The performance of PTFE resins is improved considerably with the use of fillers. Parts fabricated of PTFE exhibit high strength, toughness, and self-lubrication at low temperatures. Both TFE and FEP are useful...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... temperature, which then flows and cures at elevated curing temperatures. The high-temperature resin systems generally have higher cure temperatures and lower strain-to-failure capability. Composite structure toughness is a concern for aircraft and all other long service life, impact-sensitive structures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... polyesters in terms of toughness and chemical resistance ( Ref 2 ). Toughness and increased tensile elongation properties in vinyl ester resins come from the epoxy resin backbone. Depending on the epoxy backbone used, the molecular weight of the vinyl ester resin can be changed, which in turn can vary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... thermosets is poor impact resistance. Consequently, thermoplastics are increasingly being considered for matrices for structural composites that require enhanced toughness. Although many composite properties are dominated by the type and amount of reinforcement rather than by the resin type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... toxicity can be achieved with selection of highly filled acrylic resin. The best overall flame, smoke, and toxicity performance coupled with high-temperature property retention is achieved with phenolic resin matrices. Toughness properties can be achieved with high elongation vinyl esters or thermoset...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-temperature impact strength, very good environmental stress-cracking (ESC) resistance, and excellent all-around toughness. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is used in applications requiring hardness and stiffness characteristics, because it is the stiffest of the PE resins. It also has excellent chemical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., aramid fiber, carbon fiber, and thermoplastic Resin systems Polyester, vinyl ester, and epoxy Reinforcement, wt% All roving, 40–80%; mat and roving, 25–50%; 55% woven roving or biaxial materials and mat, 40–70% Mechanical strength Medium to high, primarily unidirectional, approaching...