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resin kinetics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article discusses the attempts made by the industry to create sensing approaches for modeling a process, part, and chemistry and kinetics. It reviews microwave curing of thick-section composites and the resin cure sensors that are used for resin cure monitoring. These include...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the thermophysical and kinetic properties of materials. Uses for polymers include monitoring the cure of thermosetting resins, measuring the degree of cure of the final product, studying crystallinity in thermoplastics, studying the compatibility of multiphase systems ( Ref 1 , 2 ), and identifying transitions...
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 30 Master cure curve for polyurethane pultrusion resin system. The solid line is calculated from the second-order kinetic equation found to fit the master curve. Source: Ref 10 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... as a function of temperature (or time) under controlled atmospheric conditions. Differential scanning calorimetry has been used to study thermodynamic processes (glass transition, heat capacity) and kinetic events such as cure and enthalpic relaxations associated with physical aging or stress ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article discusses the most common thermal analysis methods for thermosetting resins. These include differential scanning calorimetry, thermomechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The article also discusses the characterization of uncured...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on material viscosity during cure The chemistry data are also used to define heat transfer, fluid, and gas transport requirements for the specific part configuration being built. Resin viscosity and kinetics interact with gas diffusion processes and fluid hydrostatic pressure through the time...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... to describe the materials and their phenomenological behavior. These are needed because we cannot completely describe, from first principles, some of the transport phenomena, such as the nonlinear material behavior of resin, the resin and fiber interactions, and resin cure kinetics at the macro scale...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... strength and tensile strength. The article reviews low velocity impacts in aircraft structures in terms of resin toughness, laminate thickness, specimen size and impactor mass, and post-impact fatigue. It explains the tension strength analysis, such as linear elastic fracture mechanics and R-curve methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Analysis by TGA ASTM E 1641 Standard Test Method for Decomposition Kinetics by TGA ASTM D 7582 Standard Test Methods for Proximate Analysis of Coal and Coke by Macro Thermogravimetric Analysis ASTM D 3850 Standard Test Method for Rapid Thermal Degradation of Solid Electrical Insulating...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... expansion, specific heat, and the determination of glass transition temperatures. It concludes with a discussion of the thermal and related properties of nine thermostat resin systems divided into three groups by low, medium, and high service temperature capabilities. differential scanning calorimetry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of degradation. One of the first indicators of degradation is the change in the surface appearance or gloss, followed by a change in the color of the surface resin. The change in the molecular composition may extend only a few nanometers on the surface but can continue to progress into the bulk of the composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on all types of resin matrices to ensure overall consistency and correct ingredient amounts, functional groups, molecular weight distribution, kinetics, and advancement levels. To exemplify a neat resin matrix formulation, a typical epoxy matrix would contain epoxy A, epoxy B, a catalyst...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., and glass transition temperature. It also provides information on polyimide and bismaleimide resin systems. Representative examples of different types of engineering thermoplastics are discussed primarily in terms of structure and thermal properties. chemical composition elastomeric materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... identified as one of the top environmental issues facing the cast metal industry ( Ref 1 ). An experimental study ( Ref 2 ) performed at the University of Alabama in 1997 showed that 39 separate compounds were released during pyrolysis of common resin-coated sands. The kinetics of the pyrolysis reactions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... ). When selecting resin-curative combinations, the application or end use defines the resin characteristics that must be built into a particular system. Epoxy resins can be formulated in an infinite number of ways to manipulate characteristics such as system stability, cure kinetics, physical form, T g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... materials and resins. It explains how absorbed moisture affects a wide range of properties, including glass transition temperature, flexural and shear modulus,creep, stress relaxation, swelling, tensile and yield strength, and fatigue cracking. It provides relevant data on common polymers, resins, and fiber...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006882
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... used for biomedical applications. However, it must be noted that this technology also has its limitations. For example, as only photocurable resins may be used, this narrows the range of biocompatible materials available for vat polymerization. Therefore, much research is being directed at broadening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Vacuum infusion is a resin injection technique derived from resin transfer molding. This article discusses the characteristics of the technique and its applications. It presents the theory and background of the technique and provides an illustration of how parts are made. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... polarized light, 100├Ś objective In the aforementioned example, the rapid quenching of the thermoplastic-matrix composite did not completely inhibit the formation of crystallinity in the matrix. This was due in part to the rate at which the material was cooled but also the crystallization kinetics...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the mechanical properties of BMI composites. BMIs suitable for resin transfer molding processing are provided. The article concludes with information on the elevated-temperature applications of 5250-4 BMI system. bismaleimide resin composites mechanical properties resin transfer molding elevated...