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reinforced roll spot welding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., reinforced roll spot welding, and leak-tight seam welding. It provides information on the applications of lap seam weld, mash seam weld, and butt seam weld. The article reviews the advantages and limitations of seam welding compared to resistance spot welding, projection welding, and laser welding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... footprint, L , is sufficient to contain three nuggets under the wheel ( n = 3). Fig. 11 Roll resistance spot welding of a Z-section longitudinal stiffener to a sheet using intermittent electrode motion, a welding force, and a forging force. Dimensions given in inches Fig. 8 Recommended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and seam welded to wider widths with a handheld iron. Also, ply stacks can be tack melted together. Automated seaming Equipment takes multiple 30 cm (12 in.), 0° tape rolls and butt seams them to wide (i.e., 300 cm, or 118 in.) 0° or 45° roll stock. Sheet consolidating Wide roll 0° and 45° roll...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... the parameters associated with resistance spot welding, laser welding, and metal active gas welding. It also provides useful information of retained austenite volume fraction measured by x-ray diffraction and electron backscatter diffraction. The article also examines microstructure evolution during tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.9781627081740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...; these cracks are usually referred to as toe cracks at the edge of the weld reinforcement. Generally, these result when the edges of the plate are not adequately curved when the plate is formed into pipe. As the pipe is pressurized or cold expanded during manufacture, high strains occur at the edge of the weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... of a partial-penetration HLAW cross section. To reduce the occurrence of porosity from keyhole instability, the weld can be redesigned to fully penetrate the joint thickness. Full-penetration welds are less likely to have porosity from keyhole instability. Increasing the spot diameter or modulating the laser...
Book Chapter

By Allan B. Dove
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... strength, yield strength, reduction in area, and bend testing. Concrete-reinforcing wire is generally furnished with a clean bright finish suitable for spot welding, except that fine wire for welded fabric is galvanized (regular coating weight) after drawing to final size. Sizes are designated by W numbers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... 1980 3. Mansour T.M. , Ultrasonic Inspection of Spot Welds in Thin-Gage Steel , Mater. Eval. , Vol 46 ( No. 5 ), April 1988 , p 650 – 658 4. Kapranos P. and Priestner R. , NDE of Diffusion Bonds , Met. Mater. , Vol 3 ( No. 4 ), April 1987 , p 194 – 198...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... in. Gas metal arc welding 3 0.125 No limit Gas tungsten arc welding 0.5 0.02 25 1 Resistance spot welding Foil 4.5 0.18 Resistance spot welding 0.25 0.01 4.5 0.18 Flash welding 1.3 0.05 … … Stud welding 0.5 0.02 No limit Ultrasonic welding Foil 3.0 0.12 Laser...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... maximum. (d) SO 2 or CO 2 atmosphere recommended when heating temperature exceeds 370 °C (700 °F). (e) Optional postweld heat treatment serves to induce greater stress relief. Typical shear strengths of spot welds in magnesium alloys Table 24 Typical shear strengths of spot welds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... no greater than 1 to 2 1 2 when reinforcement is not removed but weld soundness is established by radiographic or ultrasonic inspection in accordance with the requirements of 9.25.2 or 9.25.3 of AWS D1.1 T or rev C 10–13 Partial-penetration groove welds Weld metal of partial-penetration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the ability to detect certain types of flaws. In some circumstances, although flaws are detected, the selected view presents an unsatisfactory or distorted picture of the relationship of the flaws to testpiece shape. For example, a crack in the fillet of a T-shape section of a casting or in a weld in a T...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., boats Tungsten, molybdenum Springs Tungsten, molybdenum, tantalum Boring bars Tungsten, molybdenum Surgical implants Tantalum Instruments Tantalum Electroplating equipment Tantalum Thermocouples, spot weld electrodes W, W-Re alloys Cathodes, plasma generator W-1Ni Rapid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002481
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Processes Metal Cutting Noncutting Processes Mechanical Joining Solid-State Welding Liquid-State (Fusion) Welding Liquid-Solid-State Bonding Types of Polymers Effects of Additives, Reinforcements, and Surface Topography Processes Restricted to Thermoplastic Polymers Processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... processes with variations within each 1. Cold welding Press welding Forge welding Roll welding Toggle welding Hydrostatic impulse welding Shock-wave impulse welding 2. Hot pressure welding Pressure gas welding Forge welding 3. Roll pressure welding Hot, warm, or cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... weight basis. The requirements of high conductivity and mechanical strength can be met by use of long-line, high-voltage, aluminum steel-cored reinforced transmission cable. The thermal conductivity of aluminum alloys, about 50 to 60% that of copper, is advantageous in heat exchangers, evaporators...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... indications that are found by nondestructive testing methods. Surface features that are causes for rejection include: Excessive mismatch at the weld joint Excessive bead convexity and bead reinforcement Excessive bead concavity, underfill, and undersized welds Sharp undercut and overlap...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003689
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in corrosion service. The joining of galvanized structural members by bolting and welding is also discussed. The article describes the synergistic effects of galvanized and painted systems. It explains the applications of hot dip galvanized steel. The article concludes with information on pertinent galvanizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (Citric Acid Spot Test)” C 283 “Resistance of Porcelain Enameled Utensils to Boiling Acid” C 285 “Standard Test Methods for Sieve Analysis of Wet Milled and Dry Milled Porcelain Enamel” C 286 “Definitions of Terms Relating to Porcelain Enamel and Ceramic Metal Systems” C 313 “Standard Test...