1-20 of 243 Search Results for

refrigeration

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005960
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Abstract Hardenable steels with high-alloy content includes a family of nickel-cobalt steels with high strength and high toughness. This article describes various heat treatments, namely, normalizing, annealing, hardening, tempering, stress relieving, overaging, quenching, refrigeration, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract The discovery of the high-critical-temperature oxide superconductors has accelerated the interest for superconducting applications due to its higher-temperature operation at liquid nitrogen or above and thus reduces the refrigeration and liquid helium requirement. It also permits usage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article discusses the corrosion of metals and nonmetals by dry chlorine, refrigerated liquid chlorine, dry gaseous chlorine, moist chlorine, selected mixed gases with chlorine, and chlorine-water. It also provides information on the handling of commercial chlorine. dry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... inside the plant. Fig. 17 Refrigeration chiller with filter panels removed, used to direct cool an induction power supply load matching components, bus work, and coils. Abstract Cooling towers are designed to remove heat from water in an induction system and dissipate it into the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... container also is commonly used for cold treating. The dry ice surface temperature is –78 °C (–109 °F), but the chamber temperature normally is approximately –60 °C (–75 °F). Mechanical refrigeration units with circulating air at approximately –87 °C (–125 °F) are commercially available. A typical unit...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Solution anneal Conditioning and hardening treatment Aging and/or tempering treatment Martensitic types PH13-8 Mo A 925 °C (1700 °F) for 15–30 min; oil or air cool (AC) below 15 °C (60 °F) … … RH950 925 °C (1700 °F) for 15–30 min; oil or AC below 15 °C (60 °F) Refrigerate at −75 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005953
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... on section size. Air cooling from the austenitizing temperature will produce tensile strength, toughness, and fatigue strength essentially equal to oil or water quenching in section sizes up to 75 mm (3 in.). Refrigeration treatment of −73 °C (−100 °F) is optional. The aim is to reduce the amount...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.../phosphorus filler metals are commonly used with torch brazing. Various other copper-base and gold-base filler metals can also be used with this process. Torch brazing is often used to join copper and Bundy steel tube assemblies for the heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration industries. The process is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... structures using heat treatments with an air quench from high austenitizing temperatures (such as data points 9, 11, 15, and 43 in Fig. 5 ). Subsequent treatments, such as refrigerating or low-temperature tempering, did not improve the abrasion resistance significantly. Fig. 5 Volume loss in a pin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005988
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... as refrigerating or low-temperature tempering, did not improve the abrasion resistance significantly. Fig. 5 Volume loss in pin abrasion test as a function of hardness for 2.9% C, 19% Cr, 2.4% Mo, 0.9% Cu iron subjected to various heat treatments. Source: Ref 2 Abrasion resistance and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Viscosity index Roelands, Z Ash, % Neutrality No. °C °F °C °F At 40 °C (105 °F) At 100 °C (212 °F) Jet engine oil, polyol ester, type II, MIL-L-23699B −54 −65 10.0 254 489 28.0 5.10 … 0.61 … … ISO VG 32 Refrigeration oil −48 −55 27.2 168 334 30.0 4.70 54 0.76 … 0.03...
Book Chapter

By J.F. Libsch
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., tube equipment operating at 2.5 to 8 MHz may be necessary for very thin components. As a general. rule, cost in dollars per kilowatt is lower with lower frequency generators. Figure 4 shows a system for induction brazing components for refrigeration and air conditioning using a 7.5 kW solid-state...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... include sheet used as trim in refrigerator applications, tube for automotive gas and oil lines, and welded irrigation pipe. The alloy is also available as plate, tube, rod, bar, and wire. Equivalent specifications include: UNS: A95050 ISO: AlMg1.5 France: NF A-G1 Italy: P-AlMg1.5...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003132
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., B 188, B 280, B 359, B 372, B 395, B 447 Bus tube, conductors, wave guides C12200 Phosphorus deoxidized copper B 68, B 75, B 88, B 111, B 280, B 306, B 359, B 360, B 395, B 447, B 543 Water tubes; condenser, evaporator and heat-exchanger tubes; air conditioning and refrigeration, gas, heater...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... steel heat exchangers. A second important application of this process is in the cladding of sheet metal products. A principal application of roll welding is the production of heat-exchanger panels with flow tubes as an integral part of the composite. Millions of refrigerator evaporator plates...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... M f temperature is raised to the vicinity of room temperature and transformation to martensite is complete upon cooling. If a high conditioning temperature (930 to 955 °C, or 1710 to 1750 °F) is used, less carbon is precipitated, the M f temperature remains below zero, and refrigeration is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...-melted and vacuum arc remelted heats of 4340 steel Hot reduced about 98% to round billets 100 to 115 mm (4 to 4 1 2 in.) in diameter. Specimens were normalized at 900 °C (1650 °F), oil quenched from 845 °C (1550 °F), refrigerated, and tempered 2 h at 205 °C (400 °F). Specimen direction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of the cooling medium and the regulated heater power, one can obtain constant test temperatures between 77 and 4 K. Variations of cryogenic temperature control exist such as cryogenic refrigerators, which can be applied to the temperature control of mechanical tests. Cryocoolers and other mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... systems Process compressors for, e.g., chemical plants Refrigeration compressors for, e.g., air conditioning ( Ref 80 ) From the viewpoint of energy, the efficiency of a compressor is very important ( Ref 81 ) because, for example, the electric power consumption based on compressors amounts to...