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refrigerated liquid chlorine

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in liquid chlorine service Abstract Abstract This article discusses the corrosion of metals and nonmetals by dry chlorine, refrigerated liquid chlorine, dry gaseous chlorine, moist chlorine, selected mixed gases with chlorine, and chlorine-water. It also provides information on the handling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Cold cleaning is a process for removing oil, grease, loose metal chips, and other contaminants from the surfaces of metal parts. Common organic solvents such as petroleum distillate fractions, chlorinated hydrocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, or blends of these classes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... that an application for a plastic was being considered in liquid NH 3 , the subzero properties would be more relevant and should be investigated. One area of interest is the difference in behavior of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC). In many environments CPVC is more resistant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... – 142 10.5006/0010-9312-32.4.139 27. Kawamoto T. , Kenjo T. , and Imasaka Y. , IHI Eng. Rev. , Vol 10 ( No. 4 ), 1977 , p 17 – 25 28. Lyle F.F. and Hill R.T. , “SCC Susceptibility of High-Strength Steels in Liquid Ammonia at Low Temperatures,” Paper 225...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... a paper strip of potassium iodide starch indicator, which turns purple when chlorine is in excess of 10 mg/L. The final result of the treatment is a treated liquid and a sludge. The latter is dewatered by filtration and carted to a suitable disposal site. The filter cake should not be hazardous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
...Base-oil characteristics Table 10 Base-oil characteristics Property Base oil type Mineral oil Olefin polymer Alkyl aromatic Polyphenyl ether Dibasic acid ester Neopentyl polyester Poly-alkylene glycol Phosphate ester Silicone Silicate ester Fluoro-carbon Liquid range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... tires, roofing materials, latex surgical gloves, erasers, pond liners, and many other products, it is the use of sheet rubber linings for corrosion protection that is covered herein. Rubber applied as a liquid for corrosion protection is discussed in the article “Organic Coatings and Linings...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., and shower heads), gears, kitchenware, and appliance components (refrigerator liners, washing machine impellers, and vacuum cleaner housings). Acrylics Acrylic plastics comprise a broad array of polymers and copolymers in which the major monomeric constituents belong to two families of ester-acrylates...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... particularly good for general machining operations on nonferrous metals. (4) Extreme pressure soluble oils Generally contain sulfurized or chlorinated extreme pressure additives. Used at dilutions between 1:5 and 1:20 where a higher performance than that given by (1), (2), and (3) is required. Chemical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Oxidizing salts, especially those containing chlorine or sulfur atoms, are more corrosive than nonoxidizing salts, but chromates, vanadates, phosphates, and many others are film forming and thus retard corrosion, except at elevated temperatures. Magnesium is rapidly attacked by all mineral acids except...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ventilation 1910.94(d) Respiratory protection 1910.133 Goggles or face shield 1910.134 Skin contact Impervious gloves and garments 1910.1000 Table Z-1 Emulsion cleaning Petroleum or chlorinated hydrocarbons Local exhaust ventilation 1910.94(d) Respiratory protection 1910.132...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., shafting, valve stems, and marine hardware Heat exchangers and condensers in marine service, steam power plants, and chemical process applications, as well as liquid-to-gas or gas-to-gas heat exchangers in which either process stream may contain a corrosive contaminant Industrial and chemical plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... on rubber linings is presented in the article “Rubber Coatings and Linings” in this Volume. This article is limited to the liquid coating (usually applied by brush, roller, or spray) and lining materials that are commonly used for corrosion protection in atmospheric or immersion service. The rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Polyester Resin Liquid Properties Monomers Used in Unsaturated Polyesters Cross-Linking Polymers for Unsaturated Polyesters Industrial Paints Waterborne Paints Coil Coatings Chemistry of Polyester Polymer Systems Saturated Polyesters Unsaturated Polyesters Chemistry of Vinyl Ester...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... can include temperatures less than zero (down to −100 °C, or −150 °F), if a source of cool air (liquid nitrogen boiloff) or refrigeration is available, and temperatures up to 450 °C (840 °F). The oven temperatures are often restricted based on the column stationary phase. If the oven temperature...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... former or binder, which is dissolved or dispersed in a solvent or in water. This film-forming liquid constitutes the vehicle in which pigments are dispersed to give color, opacity, and other properties to the dried film. Many other ingredients can be added to the vehicle to achieve specific film...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... the lattice constant of the film controls the behavior of the magnetic domains. Materials that are suitable for microwave applications include manganese zinc ferrite and a number of garnets. The magnetic properties can also be used to make low-temperature (cryogenic) refrigerators. Such devices rely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Aqueous Corrosion 190 Atmospheric: dewpoint, soils Atmospheric Corrosion 196 Stray current Stray-Current Corrosion 214 Waterline Evaluating Uniform Corrosion 543 High-temperature corrosion Molten salts; glasses Molten Salt Corrosion 216 Liquid metals Liquid Metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... surfaces Antiwear additive Reduce wear Organic phosphates, phosphites, zinc dithiophosphates Forms a film on metallic contacting surfaces Extreme-pressure additive Prevent galling, scoring, and seizure Sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine-containing materials Formation of low-shear films on metal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Epoxies, chlorinated rubber, vinyls, urethanes Chemical-processing equipment Extreme sunlight Vinyls Metal awnings Acrylics Automotive finishes Silicone alkyds Petroleum-industry processing equipment High humidity Amino resin-modified alkyds Refrigerators, washing machines...