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recycled materials

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Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 44 SMC patio table containing recycling material (with loose recyclate shown on top of the table) More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Product design greatly influences the recycling and reuse of manufacturing materials. This article presents a design for recycling strategy based on ease of disassembly, minimizing process scrap, using readily recyclable materials, and labelling or otherwise identifying parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...Abstract Abstract A significant amount of the worldwide demand for metals is met with recycled materials acquired by metal producers in the form of purchased scrap. This article focuses primarily on the methods and technology used to process and repurpose the vast amounts of purchased scrap...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... The ability to recycle into a usable metal matrix composite therefore becomes a significant overall cost driver for their use. Most of the significant tonnage in metal matrix composites is done in aluminum-base materials, and the most progress in recycling and recovery has been done in the aluminum matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... RECYCLING AND REUSE of fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite materials can be difficult, although much progress has been made. These materials obtain their useful and unusual blend of properties from their constituent phases: fibers, organic resins, and fillers. That these disparate phases are so finely...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... attention turned to the recycling of engineering (durable) plastics. Each of these materials presents unique challenges for disposal, collection, identification, separation, and purification. However, new technologies are being developed steadily, and prospects are good for increased recycling...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... materials. Because of the ensuing economic and legislative incentives, recycled metals are now recognized as a vast source of natural resources for recovery. Today, recycled scrap is a major raw material for the metals industry, supplying up to 100% of the feedstock for some products. Producing many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... environmentally sound designs. The various design for “X” (DFX) methodologies, including DFE are discussed in this section. Lists of materials that are frequently recycled and lists of problem materials and products are helpful resources. Organizations such as the Air and Waste Management Association (One Gateway...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Many nonferrous metals, including aluminum, nickel, copper, and others, are among the few materials that do not degrade or lose their chemical or physical properties in the recycling process. As a result, these metals can be recycled an infinite number of times. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... a maximum of 1,000,000 parts per annum using several molding tools in parallel for one application. Cost-Effectiveness The cost effectiveness of a compression molded application depends on several factors, such as hardware amortization, raw material and energy costs, recycling of trimmed waste...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of polymer and metal matrix composites. closed loop recycling industrial waste disposal metal matrix composites open loop recycling polymer matrix composites recycling THE RECYCLABILITY of all materials, components, and systems has gained increased international emphasis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... raw-material extraction from the earth, product manufacture, use, recycling, and disposal. In practice, the four steps of an LCA are usually iterative ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 2 The life-cycle assessment triangle. Source: Ref 2 Step 1: Goal Definition and Scoping In the goal definition...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... industry and as raw materials for other processes. This article describes the recycling of in-process scrap and industrial wastes (fly ash, red mud, metallurgical waste, and other waste products), and applications of these recycled products. It focuses on environmental regulations such as Resource...
Image
Published: 15 June 2019
Fig. 12 Processing recycled aluminum beverage cans at Novelis mill in Oswego, NY. Aluminum beverage cans represent the largest closed-loop recycling system for packaging materials, with more than 150 billion cans recycled worldwide each year. (a) Bales of crushed aluminum cans entering More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... recycling became more prevalent, because the source aluminum is now mostly on the ground rather than in it. Secondary aluminum, produced from scrap and waste materials, currently comprises nearly half of the aluminum produced in Europe and North America, and the fraction continues to grow. Metal production...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and standardization Functional substitution Total life cycle in design Table 2 Total life cycle in design Material selection Producibility Durability Feasibility of recycling Design for recycling Energy requirements For production During use For reclamation...
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 8 Energy consumption for the production, use, recycling, and reuse of different fender materials considering the distance traveled by the automobile. Source: Ref 1 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 9 Selected airborne emissions for the production, use, recycling, and reuse of different fender materials. NMVOC, nonmethane volatile organic compound. Source: Ref 1 More
Image
Published: 01 January 1997
Fig. 10 Calculated contribution to global warming for the production, use, recycling, and reuse of different fender materials considering the distance traveled by the automobile. GWP, greenhouse warming potential (CO 2 equivalents). Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
..., availability, uniform quality, and noncombustibility. Further, because most ferrous metals are magnetic, they are very easy to separate from the waste stream. This important property allows steel to be the most recycled material, which is done for economic as well as environmental reasons. This combination...