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rectangular plate specimens

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Hard chromium plating is produced by electrodeposition from a solution containing chromic acid and a catalytic anion in proper proportion. This article presents the major uses of hard chromium plating, and focuses on the selection factors, plating solutions, solution and process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... Fig. 4 High-pressure dilatometer. Courtesy of Linseis Inc. The size and shape of the specimen may affect the apparent CTE. The usual shape is a solid cylinder with a round or rectangular cross section. The expansion is usually measured in the direction of the longest axis...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... intentionally damaged. No recommendations can be made for this condition. For chopped-fiber-reinforced specimens and reinforced plastic, the method outlined in ASTM D 695 ( Ref 22 ) is recommended. The use of cylinders or rectangular prisms, shown in Fig. 10 , is especially useful. Fig. 10 Edgewise...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Electroless nickel plating is used to deposit nickel without the use of an electric current. This article provides an overview of the solution composition and characteristics of the electroless nickel bath. It focuses on the metallurgical, mechanical and physical properties of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the depth of electroless nickel plated on 4150 alloy steel as a function of plating time. Measurements were made at 1000× with up to 21 locations per specimen. Fig. 1 Depth of electroless nickel plating on AISI 4150 alloy steel as a function of time at 95 °C (205 °F) The second group of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-notched rectangular section ( Fig. 41 ), a fibrous zone can be generated from the notch and extend for a short distance. Outside of the fibrous zone is a region of either chevron marking or radial markings near the fibrous zone, which is surrounded at the specimen surface by a shear lip. The appearance of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...) specimen shape fits into a TEM specimen holder. (b) Gold nanoparticles supported by amorphous carbon film on a grid (left), and various TEM specimen grids (right). Source: Electron Microscopy Sciences. (c) Three rectangular TEM specimens (indicated by arrows) prepared by focused ion beam and mounted on a...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... semifabricated to rectangular cross section by sequential reductions in the thickness of cast ingot by hot and cold rolling. Properties in work-hardened tempers are controlled by degree of cold reduction, partial or full annealing, and the use of stabilizing treatments. Plate, sheet, and foil produced in heat...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-blade shearing is used for squaring and cutting flat stock to required shape and size. Mostly it is used for square and rectangular shapes, although triangles and other straight-sided shapes are also sheared with straight blades. Rotary shearing (not to be confused with slitting) is used for producing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... life when resistance to corrosion, wear, and erosion is required. The common methods include electroplating, electroless plating, hardfacing, weld cladding, surface hardening, porcelain enameling, and organic coatings. cast iron conversion coatings corrosion resistance ductile iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... test specimen to true plane-strain conditions ( Ref 18 ). In this test, a simple slab-shaped specimen is deformed over part of its width by two opposing rectangular anvils having widths smaller than that of the specimen. On penetrating the workpiece, the anvils longitudinally displace metal from the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-established length of time and then released. The specimen is removed and the indentation measured. The entire cycle, including indenting and measurement, requires approximately one minute. Fig. 2 Analog Brinell hardness tester Conventional Brinell hardness testers have limited use, for two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fractographers also coat the back side of the replica with a reflective metal, such as aluminum, for reflected-light examination, or they tape the replica to a mirror surface. With an inverted microscope, some fractographers place the replica over the stage plate and then place a polished, unetched specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... = D 2 h , where h is the specimen thickness at any time in the test. If there is friction at the platen/specimen interface, then the specimen barrels as it deforms ( Fig. 3 ). When the friction is described by the interface friction factor 3 τ i / σ 0 both the slab...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... by an assumed flow field in the workpiece, its first manifestation considered rigid rectangular, triangular, or trapezoidal blocks separated by lines of velocity discontinuity. The method involves searching for the pattern of blocks to represent metal flow that minimizes the overall deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... which the array can be 1-D (a rectangular line), 2-D, or even circular with a complex segmented surface, which can include focusing ( Ref 4 , 5 ). More details of phased arrays and applications are considered in the article “Phased Array Ultrasound” in this Volume. Fig. 2 Phased array. (a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... were applied to low-carbon steel and stainless steel rectangular-section beams, and permanent deflection at the loading point was measured. Maximum fiber stresses were calculated from the applied load and original specimen dimensions. Fig. 26 Relation of distortion ratio to stress ratio for two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... deformation at a point begins when the maximum normal stress reaches the yield strength of the material. Tresca’s theory states that yield at a point begins when the maximum shear stress equals the shear stress in a tension specimen when it begins to yield. Another common failure model is the von Mises...