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recrystallization temperature

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Published: 31 October 2011
Fig. 13 Recrystallization temperatures as a function of degree of deformation for a range of materials. Source: Ref 15 More
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Published: 01 December 2009
Fig. 5 Recrystallization temperatures of various metals as a function of their melting temperatures. Source: Ref 15 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 6 Effect of microalloying additions on the recrystallization stop temperature of austenite. Source: Ref 10 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 1 Effect of annealing temperature on recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth of a cold-worked structure. Grains in the recovery region are still strained, while recrystallized grains (shown as unlined areas) are strain-free. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 4 Dependence of recrystallization on rolling temperature and deformation for high-nitrogen stainless steel wedge-test specimens cut from cast ingot. Source: Ref 11 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... if it is worked above its recrystallization temperature (hot worked). Interstitial impurities, such as oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen, segregate to grain boundaries and cause embrittlement as the grain size increases. Thus, tungsten is typically warm worked, which produces some residual work in the structure...
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Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 13 A Ti-50.8Ni alloy wire after cold working 40% and annealing below the recrystallization temperature is tensile tested at 40 °C (105 °F) to various strains (left), highlighting the partitioning of strain into austenitic and martensitic elasticities, transformational recovery, and residual More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 12 Typical microstructures of carbon steel boiler tube that ruptured as a result of rapid overheating. (a) Elongated grains near rupture resulting from rapid overheating below the recrystallization temperature. (b) Mixed structure near rupture resulting from rapid overheating between Ac 1 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 10 Typical microstructures of 0.18% C steel boiler tubes that ruptured as a result of rapid overheating. (a) Elongated grains near tensile rupture resulting from rapid overheating below the recrystallization temperature. (b) Mixed structure near rupture resulting from rapid overheating More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... annealing castings deformation diffusion coefficient grain growth heat treatment heterogeneous nucleation homogeneous nucleation homogenization isothermal transformation nonferrous metals precipitation hardening recrystallization recrystallization temperature solid-state phase transformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... low recrystallization temperature, depending on the extent of cold working and purity, as described further in this article. Softening can be a concern as a result of exposure to soldering temperature in electrical products. Long-time exposures at moderately elevated temperatures also can cause...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... molybdenum has a DBTT near room temperature, whereas annealed tungsten's DBTT may be as high as 315 °C (600 °F). Fabrication involving mechanical working should be performed below the recrystallization temperature. Hot forging or extrusion is used for breaking down arc-cast refractory metal ingots...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... in strength by partial annealing. Figure 1 illustrates a typical annealing curve, which shows the effect of temperature on tensile properties and grain structure. Above a certain temperature, which is dependent on alloy composition and strain energy conditions, the material recrystallizes to an essentially...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... the relationship of the recovery process to the recrystallization, grain-growth process, and the effects of time and temperature on stress relief. It describes the factors that influence the rate of recrystallization and the conditions required for neocrystallization to occur. The article explains the mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... temperature Recrystallization temperature minimum Hot-working temperature minimum (a) Forging temperature Forgeability °C °F °C °F °C °F °C °F Niobium and niobium alloys 99.8% Nb 2470 4475 1000 1850 N/A N/A 20–425 70–800 Excellent Nb-1Zr (b) 2400 4350 1200 2190 N...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... recrystallization temperature of ferrite is 500 °C (930 °F), although lower temperatures have been cited, particularly as a threshold for stress relief and recovery. Thus, for the case of, say, a 700 °C (1290 °F), one-hour anneal, stress relief, recovery, and recrystallization occur very early in the process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... recrystallization (DRX) takes place instead during hot working, which means that the generation of new grains is combined in an intricate way with other phenomena associated with high-temperature straining, such as work hardening and dynamic recovery ( Fig. 1d ). Two types of DRX can, in fact, be distinguished...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... on the formation of fine reactive-metal carbides to dispersion strengthen the material and to increase the recrystallization temperature above that of pure molybdenum by stabilizing the dislocation structure formed during processing. These alloys are produced in both VAC and P/M grades. Carbide-strengthened...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... mechanical working should be performed below the recrystallization temperature. These materials have limited solubilities for carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen. Because the residual levels of these elements required to prevent embrittlement are impractically low, the microstructure must be controlled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... temperature. After testing at each temperature, the deformation that causes cracking can be established. In addition, the extent of recrystallization as a function of strain and temperature can be determined by performing metallographic examinations in the direction of the strain gradient. Sidepressing Test...