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recrystallization

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract Cast and wrought coppers can be strengthened by cold working. This article provides information on minor alloying elements, such as beryllium, silicon, nickel, tin, zinc, and chromium, used to strengthen copper. It details annealing and recrystallization and grain growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the changes in structure and properties that occur when cold worked metals and alloys are annealed. Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are the three stages of structural change that occur when cold-worked metal is annealed. The driving force and extent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides an in-depth treatment on the deformation and recrystallization of titanium alloys. It provides information on the predominant mode of plastic deformation that occurs in titanium in terms of the most common crystallographic planes. The article explains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract The processing of steel involves five distinct sets of texture development mechanisms, namely, austenite deformation, austenite recrystallization, gamma-to-alpha transformation, ferrite deformation, and static recrystallization during annealing after cold rolling. This article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are microstructural changes that occur during annealing after cold plastic deformation and/or during hot working of metals. This article reviews the structure of the deformed state and describes the changes in the properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003743
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are the stages that a cold worked metal undergoes when it is annealed. This article describes the changes in the structure and properties that occur on annealing a cold-worked metal. It summarizes the experimental recrystallization studies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article examines how cellular automaton (CA) can be applied to the simulation of static and dynamic recrystallization. It describes the steps involved in the CA simulation of recrystallization. These include defining the CA framework, generating the initial microstructure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract Recrystallization is to a large extent responsible for their final mechanical properties. This article commences with a discussion on static recrystallization (SRX) and dynamic recrystallization (DRX). The DRX includes continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) and discontinuous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., abnormal grain growth, and recrystallization. It introduces the basics of the model, providing details of the dynamics, simulation variables, boundary energy, boundary mobility, pinning systems, and stored energy. The article explains how to incorporate experimental parameters and how to validate the model...
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 3 Recrystallization diagram of technically pure molybdenum sheet deformed by rolling. The annealing time was 1 h followed by furnace cooling. Source: Ref 3 More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 1 Recrystallization temperature as a function of cold work for rolled depleted uranium of moderate purity. Annealing time, 1 1 2 h. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 2 Effect of solute content on the recrystallization temperature of pure copper. These data are for oxygen-free copper, but quite similar curves are obtained for tough pitch copper. The samples were annealed for 30 min at 600 °C (1110 °F), then cold rolled at 20 °C (70 °F) to a reduction More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 9 Influence of silver on raising the recrystallization of worked copper. (a) Softening temperature of copper sheet rolled 2, 4, and 6 Brown & Sharpe numbers hard. Numbers on curves refer to reduction in gage. Source: Ref 10 . (b) Softening characteristics of oxygen-free copper More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 17 Recrystallization diagrams of gilding brass (C21000), commercial bronze (C22000), low brass (C24000), and cartridge brass (C26000). (a) C21000 ready-to-finish strip (1 mm, or 0.04 in., thick) that was cold rolled 50% and then annealed 1 h at the indicated temperature. Recrystallization More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 23 Effect of degree of cold work on temperature of initial recrystallization (30 min anneals) of 70-30 brass, previously rolled 50% and annealed at 800 °C (1470 °F). Source: Ref 10 More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 21 Effect of cold work on Incoloy 800H recrystallization. Source: Ref 24 More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 4 Effect of annealing temperature on recrystallization and hardness of cold rolled (40% reduction) high-purity nickel (Nickel 290, UNS N02290). Time at temperature: 30 min. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 17 Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. Recovery produces no microstructural change; new grains are formed on recrystallization. Grain growth is to be avoided in the annealing process because of its detrimental effects on formability of the metal and poor response to heat More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 20 Deformation and recrystallization. The temperature for initiation and also completion of recrystallization is lowered by increased cold reduction. The graph is based on unalloyed titanium. More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 9 Typical sigmoidal recrystallization curve during annealing. Source: Ref 8 More