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recrystallization

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract Cast and wrought coppers can be strengthened by cold working. This article provides information on minor alloying elements, such as beryllium, silicon, nickel, tin, zinc, and chromium, used to strengthen copper. It details annealing and recrystallization and grain growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article describes the changes in structure and properties that occur when cold worked metals and alloys are annealed. Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are the three stages of structural change that occur when cold-worked metal is annealed. The driving force and extent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides an in-depth treatment on the deformation and recrystallization of titanium alloys. It provides information on the predominant mode of plastic deformation that occurs in titanium in terms of the most common crystallographic planes. The article explains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract The processing of steel involves five distinct sets of texture development mechanisms, namely, austenite deformation, austenite recrystallization, gamma-to-alpha transformation, ferrite deformation, and static recrystallization during annealing after cold rolling. This article provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are microstructural changes that occur during annealing after cold plastic deformation and/or during hot working of metals. This article reviews the structure of the deformed state and describes the changes in the properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003743
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract Recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth are the stages that a cold worked metal undergoes when it is annealed. This article describes the changes in the structure and properties that occur on annealing a cold-worked metal. It summarizes the experimental recrystallization studies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article examines how cellular automaton (CA) can be applied to the simulation of static and dynamic recrystallization. It describes the steps involved in the CA simulation of recrystallization. These include defining the CA framework, generating the initial microstructure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract Recrystallization is to a large extent responsible for their final mechanical properties. This article commences with a discussion on static recrystallization (SRX) and dynamic recrystallization (DRX). The DRX includes continuous dynamic recrystallization (CDRX) and discontinuous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., abnormal grain growth, and recrystallization. It introduces the basics of the model, providing details of the dynamics, simulation variables, boundary energy, boundary mobility, pinning systems, and stored energy. The article explains how to incorporate experimental parameters and how to validate the model...
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 73 Recrystallization nucleus (arrow) in cold-worked ferrite formed during intercritical annealing. Thin foil TEM specimen More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 76 Spheroidized cementite particles pinning a recrystallization front during intercritical annealing of a low-carbon steel. Note the recovered dislocation substructure to the left of the front. Thin foil TEM specimen More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 41 Static recrystallization in aluminum extruded at 450 °C (840 °F). A longitudinal section, photographed with polarized light. Large, new grains of varying brightness have grown into the streaked matrix, which contains a very fine substructure. Barker's reagent. Original magnification 40 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 44 Static recrystallization in Fe-3.25Si alloy compressed at 910 °C (1670 °F) to 0.31 strain, held at temperature for 30 s. Large, defect-free grains have grown into the matrix, which contains a dense array of subboundaries. Morris's reagent (see Fig. 21 ). Original magnification 1200× More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 45 Static recrystallization in oxygen-free copper rolled to 86% reduction in thickness in one pass (starting at 1000 °C, or 1830 °F; finishing at 600 °C, or 1110 °F), quenched 1 s. Composite of thin-foil electron micrographs showing new, dislocation-free grains that have grown More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 1 Effect of annealing temperature on recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth of a cold-worked structure. Grains in the recovery region are still strained, while recrystallized grains (shown as unlined areas) are strain-free. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 22 Effect of penultimate grain size on the recrystallization kinetics of a low-carbon steel, cold rolled 60% and annealed at 540 °C (1005 °F). Note the incubation time is shortened as the penultimate grain size before cold rolling is decreased. Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 28 Kinetics of secondary recrystallization for cube texture formation in Fe-3Si during isothermal annealing at 1050 °C (1920 °F). The characteristics of this curve for secondary recrystallization are quite similar to those for primary recrystallization. Source: Ref 14 More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 30 Discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (DDRX) in an initially coarse-grained nickel-base superalloy. (a) Initial stage of DDRX. (b) Nearly fully recrystallized microstructure More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 2 Discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (DDRX) in an initially rained nickel-base superalloy. (a) Initial stage of DDRX and (b) nearly fully recrystallized microstructure More
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Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 10 Cellular-automata predictions for static recrystallization under grain-boundary nucleation, site-saturation conditions. (a) Microstructure evolution and (b) fraction recrystallized. Source: Ref 27 More