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rebound methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... indentation testing reveals a significant effect of loading rates on the hardness and the induced plastic zone size in metals and on the hardness and induced crack sizes of brittle materials. The article also explains the rebound and pendulum methods for dynamic hardness testing. metals ceramics split...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Miscellaneous hardness tests encompass a number of test methods that have been developed for specific applications. These include dynamic, or "rebound," hardness tests using a Leeb tester or a Scleroscope; static indentation tests on rubber or plastic products using the durometer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., test methods, temperature, and the nature of the applied stresses. In contrast, physical properties are those typically measured by methods not requiring the application of an external mechanical force (or load). Typical examples of physical properties are density, magnetic properties (e.g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... Their functions range from imparting a pleasing appearance to protecting the underlying material from wear and corrosion, and from bearing contact loads to serving as the substrates for coatings. The properties of free surfaces differ from those of bulk materials. A variety of specialized testing methods...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... types of hardness testers, which can be either portable instruments or laboratory devices. Only static indentation and rebound testing are discussed in this article. These two methods account for virtually all routine hardness testing in the metalworking industry. Static indentation hardness testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract This article emphasizes the traits that are common to high-velocity forming operations. It describes general principles on how metal forming is accomplished and analyzed when inertial forces are large. The article discusses the principal methods of high-velocity forming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
.... Blind passages that are oxidized may require cleaning by pickling or by the use of a molten salt bath. Cleaning methods are discussed in Ref 3 . The abrasive cleaning of castings after they are heat treated may reintroduce residual stresses because of surface peening. When the condition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... Abstract Materials resulting from thermal spray processes are often different from their wrought, forged, and cast counterparts. Assessing the usefulness of thermal spray coatings requires understanding, developing, and using appropriate testing and characterization methods that are generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0005689
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... , A Dictionary of Metallurgy , Pitman Publishing , London , 1958 • “Metal Test Methods and Analytical Procedures,” Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 03.01 and 03.02 , ASTM , 1984 • Tweeddale J.G. , Mechanical Properties of Metals , American Elsevier , 1964 DOI: 10.31399...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article provides information on the factors influencing the selection of the proper corrosion-resistant coating system. It focuses on the proper execution of surface preparation and the available surface preparation methods. The preparation process includes the removal of visible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract A wide range of flow-formed open- and close-ended shapes are currently available in a variety of difficult-to-form materials, including titanium alloys and nickel-base super alloys. This article describes the two basic methods of flow forming that are characterized by the position...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... This often involves the use of different rotors for different impact angles. The fate of erodent particles after striking the specimen must be considered since they will rebound and may cause secondary impacts, from intact particles or fragments, during subsequent rotation of the arm. Some method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., nondestructive testing of the structure is used to verify the strength of the concrete and the location of the reinforcement. The quality of the concrete can be investigated using acoustic impact (e.g., chain dragging), rebound hammers (Schmidt Hammer shown in Fig. 1 ), and penetration resistance (Windsor Probe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... for compliant materials. The article provides information on the numerical prediction of cavitation erosion damage by the finite element method (FEM). cavitation erosion vibratory devices cavitating liquid jets high-speed cavitation tunnels surface protection finite element method THE TERM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Hardness testing is perhaps the simplest and the least expensive method of mechanically characterizing a material. This article provides an overview of the principles of hardness testing. It compares Brinell with Meyer hardness testing and hardness testing of fully cold worked metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... in erosion tests. However, it should be borne in mind that in an engineering application, such effects can have quite an impact on the spatial distribution and severity of erosion damage within turbines and on particle size and the change of direction and speed when particles rebound from surfaces...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... such as near-net shape casting, tundish metallurgy, and pouring stream protection. The article discusses the use and capabilities of different molds for steel continuous casting, including thin-wall tube-type molds, solid molds, and plate molds. The article explains the methods for enhancing productivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and paper mills is a classic case of “Pay me now, or really pay me later!” Coating maintenance cannot be avoided, and its cost can be substantial—up to $1 per ton of product even with a methodical program using the guidelines in this article. Annual and unit costs decrease as the program is more fully...