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reactive metals

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... impurities such as oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen are not specified by the supplier. They can be present in significant quantities as oxidized surfaces of reactive metals, hydrogen incorporated into electrorefined chromium, carbon monoxide in nickel purified by the carbonyl process, and helium in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ion concentration medical devices metal ion toxicity metallic bearings oxidative stress reactive oxygen species toxic ions release TRANSITION METALS are listed as subgroups between groups IIA and IIIA in the Mendeleev table and are classified according to the filling of their “d” subshell...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... molds, namely, ceramic shells and rammed graphite, for casting reactive metals such as titanium or zirconium. ceramic shells coremaking green sand operations titanium zirconium clay resin-bonded sand systems no-bake binder systems heat-cured binder systems cold box binder systems rammed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... making them attractive for applications where moderate strength, light weight, and corrosion resistance are required. Titanium and its alloys are part of a larger family of materials known as the reactive metals. All of these reactive metals, notably titanium, zirconium, niobium, and tantalum, benefit...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the welded and unwelded conditions, and exhibits relatively high solid solubility for other refractory and reactive metals. The single largest use for tantalum is as powder and anodes for electronic capacitors, representing about 50% of total consumption. Tantalum is used as an alloying element in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract This article illustrates the three techniques for producing glassy metals, namely, liquid phase quenching, atomic or molecular deposition, and external action technique. Devitrification of an amorphous alloy can proceed by several routes, including primary crystallization, eutectoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... iron, stainless steel, and copper alloys to themselves and each other. They are also used in the brazing of some reactive and refractory metals, although the latter are restricted to low-temperature use. These brazing alloys are generally Ag-Cu-Zn alloys, some with additions of cadmium, manganese...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001313
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... heated fluidized bed of coating elements, using as the fluidizing gases mixtures of reactive halogen gases and hydrogen or argon. Coating forms by disproportionation of gaseous metal halides on substrate surface, followed by diffusion alloying. Entirely gaseous process. Metal halide gases, plus...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the solubilities of the common gases present in ferrous metals, such as cast irons, and nonferrous metals, such as aluminum, copper, magnesium, and their alloys. The kinetics of the relevant reactions, reactions during solidification, and possible methods of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and etching (optional). THREE DISTINCT OPERATIONS are involved in determining the microstructure of metals with the use of a light optical microscope: preparation of a section surface; development of the structure on that surface, usually by chemical etching; and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews specific processing characteristics and forging-related properties of commonly forged families of metals and alloys, including carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, heat-resistant alloys (iron, cobalt, and nickel base alloys), aluminum alloys, copper and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article contains tables that present engineering data for the following metals and their alloys: aluminum, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, nickel, tin, titanium, zinc, precious metals, permanent magnet materials, pure metals, rare earth metals, and actinide metals. Data presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., usually a metal, and its environment that produces a deterioration of the material and its properties.” Because corrosion is related to the material and its environment, it occurs under an immense variety of conditions. The environment includes not only the gas atmospheres or liquid media in their actual...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Several methods exist to measure the viscosity of liquid metals ( Ref 67 , 104 , 105 ). However, accurate and suitable methods to measure the viscosity of liquid metals and their alloys are restricted due to the relatively low viscosity, high liquidus temperatures, and chemical reactivity of melts...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... epitaxial crystallographic relationship between AlP and the silicon crystal. Modifiers react with phosphorus . The elements that have been reported to produce modification ( Ref 7 , 41 , 44 ) are indicated by the shaded areas in Fig. 4 . These are all reactive metals that form compounds with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Painting offers the following advantages over other processes used for the protection or decoration of metal parts and assemblies: The equipment required for applying paint is usually less expensive to buy and install, is simpler to operate, and requires less control. Material and labor costs per...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Zinc is one of the most used metals, ranking fourth in worldwide production and consumption behind iron, aluminum, and copper. This article commences with an overview of the applications of zinc that can be divided into six categories: coatings, casting alloys, alloying element in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... mechanical properties and chemical composition of nickel, iron, and cobalt-base superalloys in both the cast and wrought forms. chemical composition cobalt-base superalloys environmental factors high-temperature applications iron-base superalloys mechanical properties metal processing...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the materials, leads to the formation of “hot spots” on the target; the hot spots generate stresses that cause fracture of the brittle target materials. For this reason, it may be preferable to deposit insulating films reactively from a metal source. Although compound materials can be readily...