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random cutting edges

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Abrasive finishing is a method where a large number of multipoint or random cutting edges are coupled with abrasive grains as a bond or matrix material for effective removal of material at smaller chip sizes. This article provides a broad overview of the various categories of abrasive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001230
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is broadly classified as follows. “Finishing Methods Using Defined Cutting Edges.” Many finishing processes use tools of well-defined geometry. Typical examples are turning, milling, and drilling. “Finishing Methods Using Multipoint or Random Cutting Edges.” As described in this title, many...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... edges, such as polycrystalline diamond (PCD) and cubic boron nitride (CBN) compacts. Grinding techniques are discussed in the article “Finishing Methods Using Multipoint or Random Cutting Edges” in this Volume. The turning, broaching, milling, drilling, and reaming processes discussed in this article...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... maximum density and strength. Finishing methods can be classified as those that use defined cutting edges (turning, milling, and drilling), those that use multipoint or random cutting edges (e.g., grinding wheels, abrasive belts, or abrasive slurries), and those that do not use abrasives (e.g., laser...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...-shape condition. They are widely applied in stamping, roll forming, cut-to-length, and slitting lines, in addition to their own separate coil process lines. Shape Defects There are six major shape defects in coiled sheet, strip, or plate ( Fig. 1 ): coil set; cross bow; camber; wavy edges...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., cut length, or chopped glass fibers may be used, as well as random continuous glass mats. Carbon or aramid fibers may also be used. Sheet molding compounds can be made in various compositions and by various processes. Continuous, unidirectional molding compounds for structural components generally...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... and blanks will not be useful if the sample is invalid. Accordingly, sampling uncertainty is often treated separately from other uncertainties. For random errors, the overall standard deviation, s o , is related to the standard deviation for the sampling operations, s s , and to that for the remaining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... These defects may be deep enough to concentrate stresses and initiate fracture of the workpiece during aggressive machining passes. The built-up edge welded to the tip and cutting edge of the cutting tool during steady-state machining often breaks off and embeds in the workpiece surface when the cutting tool...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Electric resistance methods are also sometimes used for making tubular products by spiral welding. This method is frequently used for large-diameter products. Continuous Welding In continuous (or furnace butt) welding, skelp with square or slightly beveled edges is furnace heated to the welding...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... most often used with random glass mat is to shape a flat sheet of this material at the time of molding. In the Lotus process, a sheet of mat is cut and formed to fit in the mold. Overlaps of several inches are made at the end of any layer of material. Foam cores are wrapped with sheets of mat before...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006494
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... in <xref rid="a0006494-f1" ref-type="fig">Fig. 1</xref> Table 1 Cutting tool geometries used in turning workpiece metals plotted in Fig. 1 Cutting tool profile All metals except Al Aluminum Back rake angle 8° 20° Side rake angle 14° 40° End relief angle 6° 10° Side relief angle 6° 10° End cutting-edge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and the accessibility to place the dry reinforcement in the mold system are the most important criteria to decide on the economical viability of the part. Details in the geometry can cause problems, such as: Sharp edges in the part can disturb the flow pattern of the resin (see the section “Technique Description...
Book Chapter

Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... cutting edges. (j) Multiple-diameter head with indexable inserts. (k) Offset head. (m) Offset head with microadjustment. (n) Head for generating a radius. (p) Head for boring at right angle to axis of boring bar Increased versatility of operation is provided by a universal boring head (sometimes...
Book Chapter

By Pel Lynah
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... as an abrasive for many lapping applications because it continually breaks down to expose new cutting edges. Silicon carbide is used for lapping hardened steel or cast iron, particularly when an appreciable amount of stock is to be removed. Fused alumina (2000 HV) is also sharp, but it is tougher than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... (b) An artifact microstructure showing elongated grains and broken carbides at sheared edge. Marshall's reagent. 500× The metallographic preparation of coated steels requires different techniques; for example, it requires the absolute necessity to maintain edge integrity (flatness...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
...—are likely to form a built-up edge on the cutting lip of the tool. This edge consists of aluminum particles that have become welded to the tool edge because they were melted by the heat generated in cutting. Edge buildup can be minimized by using effective cutting fluids and by employing tools with surfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... that the measurement results are representative of the material. Ideally, random sampling is best, but it can rarely be performed, except for small parts such as fasteners where a specific number of fasteners can be drawn from a production lot at random. However, with a large forging or casting, it is generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... for surfacing air cutting gun (gas metal arc cutting) A back bead A weld bead resulting from a back weld. device used in semiautomatic, machine, and bevel An angular edge preparation. automatic arc cutting to transfer current, weld pass. bevel angle The angle formed between the guide the consumable electrode...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... prepreg and wide-tape broad goods. The commercial technology provided two solutions: die cutting, and computer-controlled ply-cutting and labeling systems. Die cutting is geared to the production of large quantities of plies, but the number of shapes is limited because a cutting edge is needed in the die...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... an second-phase particles, accompanied by the rate that induce strain hardening. Usually, otherwise sharp corner. A relieved angular reduction in their number, during annealing, but not necessarily, conducted at room cutting edge at a tooth corner. deformation, or high-temperature service temperature. Also...