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rain erosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... E ( y -axis intercept of maximum erosion rate line) in place of A; it tends to be constant when some parameters (for example, impact velocity) are varied. Fig. 1 Liquid impingement erosion on the leading edge of a blade, caused by droplets of rain. (a) Scanning electron microscopy image...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fields such as rain erosion of solid materials, gas turbine blades, wind turbine blades, airplane components, and pipe-wall thinning in nuclear/fossil power plants. Because of the fundamental interest in the mechanics of fluids and solids, this topic has been reviewed by Heymann ( Ref 1 ) and Richman...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Primer Touch-Up Paints Adhesive Films Electrodeposition Coatings and Powder Coatings Paint Application Equipment Nonchromated Sealants Zero-VOC Waterborne Topcoat Chemical Stability Flexibility Sealants Rain-Erosion Coatings High-Temperature-Resistant Coatings Fuel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Rainwater; and Part 2: Scavenging of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Rain , Environ. Sci. Technol. , Vol 30 ( No. 1 ), 1995 , p 341 – 348 10.1021/es9406804 15. Haagan H. and Funke W. , Prediction of the Corrosion Protective Properties of Paint Films...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... , and Leygraf C. , Determination of Instantaneous Corrosion Rates and Runoff of Copper from Naturally Patinated Copper during Continuous Rain Events , Corros. Sci. , Vol 44 , 2002 , p 2131 – 2151 10.1016/S0010-938X(02)00015-X 90. Odnevall I. and Leygraf C. , Environmental Effects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Cavitation Erosion Resistance , J. Mater. Eng. Perform. , Vol 6 ( No. 5 ), 1997 , p 633 – 641 10.1007/s11665-997-0057-5 9. Hoff G. , Herbert W. , and Rieger H. , “Rain and Sand Erosion, Phenomena of Material Destruction Caused by Repeated Loads,” STP 474, Characterization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., or corrosion. Important erosion processes include droplet impingement, solid-particle impingement, and cavitation erosion. Droplet erosion can occur in steam turbines when steam condensate forms droplets, or it can occur, for example, when supersonic aircraft encounter a rain field. At Mach 1, a rain...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... reactors Titanium Components for bleaching equipment and desalination plants in the chemical industry; superconductive wires; turbine engine disks, blades and housings, rain erosion boards, landing legs, wing frames, missile cladding, and fuel containers in the aircraft and aerospace industries; shape...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Corrosion Problem Areas Materials Selection for FGD Components Future Air Pollution Control Considerations AIR POLLUTION is a world-wide concern that can adversely affect the environment, structures, and human health. It is a major contributor to acid rain, which occurs as a result of sulfur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... into four major categories: Base-metal defects Base-metal strength deficiencies Failures introduced during fabrication Defects caused by abrasion, cavitation, corrosion, or erosion Base-Metal Defects Base-Metal Strength Deficiencies Weld Failure if Fabricated Defects Caused...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the cumulative effects of many particles striking a surface. These particles can be solids, liquid droplets (e.g., rain), collapsing bubbles, or solid-liquid mixtures called slurries. Electric sparks can also cause erosion, as in the opening and closing of electrical contacts carrying high currents. Cavitation...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and rubs on its surrounding shroud. Multibody impact wear can be further broken down into erosive wear and cavitation wear (or cavitation erosion). Erosive wear involves the cumulative effects of many particles striking a surface. These particles can be solids, liquid droplets (e.g., rain), collapsing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and in deicing salts), and sulfates (from acid rains) are notorious for causing osmotic blistering of coatings in immersion service and accelerated rates of corrosion in atmospheric service if they are allowed to remain on a substrate before painting or between coats of paint. Once water enters the paint...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Deposition Corrosion Crevice Corrosion Filiform Corrosion Stress-Corrosion Cracking Corrosion Fatigue Hydrogen Embrittlement Erosion-Corrosion Joints fastened by mechanical fasteners—bolts, screws, cold headed rivets, and threaded connections—or by pressure or adhesive bonding require...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... is on the ground, or in the case of military aircraft, ballistic impact. Fig. 4 Penetration damage Abrasion and erosion typically affect leading- edge components that are exposed to airflow ( Fig. 5 ). The damage occurs in flight as a result of air, rain, and/or grit impingement on the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... prolonged contact with water, contact with excessively high or low soil pH, acid rain, high humidity, salt air, various organisms commonly found in dirt, and human and animal excretions. In addition to water with dissolved ionic components, excretions can corrode metal or can produce waste products that can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... finished with PVDF-based coatings typically retain their original color and gloss for long periods of time in most outdoor environments, sometimes up to 40 years. Extreme UV light, humidity, smog, acid rain, industrial gases, and other airborne hazards have little effect on the metal structures coated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... (a) … … Minimum erosion of molybdenum Ti-25Cr-3Be 1110 2030 993 1819 Remelt 1600 °C (2912 °F) after diffusion treatment Pt-B 1100 (a) 2012 (a) … … Boron content 1-4.5%; remelt to 2100 °C (3812 °F) after diffusion (a) Brazing range Brazing filler metals for reactive metal brazing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... susceptible to damage by acids and alkali than granite, so it is a desirable substitute in areas where severe pollution or acid rains exist. A comparison of the properties of the glass-ceramic material to those of marble and granite is given in Table 5 . Properties of glass-ceramic compared to those...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Corrosion mechanisms that have caused problems in power plant condensers under certain conditions Table 2 Corrosion mechanisms that have caused problems in power plant condensers under certain conditions Alloy Severity and location of attack (a) Erosion- corrosion Sulfide attack...