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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... information on the applications of thermite welding: rail welding, electrical connections, and railroad applications. The article concludes with a discussion on the associated safety aspects. Selected References Selected References • Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 6 , Welding, Brazing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... or vanadium, or when used in combination with aluminum or each other. DH treated only with aluminum is to be normalized when >25 mm (1 in.) thick. Materials for cryogenic applications Table 11 Materials for cryogenic applications Material ASTM No. Service temperature °C °F 2% Ni...
Book Chapter

By Loren Godfrey
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...) Method of manufacture, chief applications, special properties Minimum tensile strength (a) , MPa (ksi) Modulus of elasticity ( E ), GPa (psi × 10 6 ) Design stress, % of minimum tensile strength (b) Modulus of rigidity ( G ), GPa (psi × 10 6 ) Cold drawn wire High-carbon steel Music...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract Because of the tough engineering environment of the railroad industry, fatigue is a primary mode of failure. The increased competitiveness in the industry has led to increased loads, reducing the safety factor with respect to fatigue life. Therefore, the existence of corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and liquid transmission pipelines Waterways and ports Hazardous materials storage Airports Railroads Utilities Gas distribution Drinking water and sewer systems Electrical utilities Telecommunications Transportation Motor vehicles Ships Aircraft Railroad cars Hazardous materials transport...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fracture face and origin. Failures of locomotive axles due to overheated friction bearings are rather common in the railroad industry and have been observed for more than 100 years. Because of this, such failures are usually diagnosed merely by visual inspection of the damage. Comprehensive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... in at least one cross-sectional dimension, and are used in structures such as bridges, buildings, ships, and railroad cars. Special shapes are those designed by users for specific applications. Quality descriptors for hot-rolled alloy steel bars are related to suitability for specific applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of rail coatings, including their history, function, application, and selection. NACE reports—railcar industry Railroad equipment, like any other steel equipment, must be protected from the elements and from contact with substances that will degrade it. Over the years, protective coatings used...
Book Chapter

By Robert Bolin
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003982
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... the application of microprocessor and computer technology to ring rolling equipment. A variety of special-purpose machines have also been built at various times in the past 100 years. Both vertical and horizontal railroad wheel rolling mills have existed since around 1900. For a time, pressure cast wheels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., Federal Rail Administration , Dec 16 , 1996 13. Oregon Department of Transportation, (ODOT) Rail Section, ORS 267.230 applicability of law to mass transit 14. Oregon Department of Transportation, (ODOT) Rail Section, OAR 824 definition of railroad includes lightrails, streetcars, and trolleys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... weldability, and improved extrusion characteristics. It is used in many types of transportation applications including marine shipping containers, vans, trailers, motorcycles, bicycles, trucks, railroad cars, and recently (early 2000s) for automotive extruded bumpers. The alloy has good recovery...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... market for the alloy. It was also recommended in architectural applications that needed gray, black, or light beige anodized colors ( Ref 1 ). Other applications include extruded structures used in road vehicles and railroad stock and tubing and pipe for carrying water, oil, and gasoline. Product...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
...Abstract Abstract Thermal spray is a generic term for a group of coating processes used to apply metallic, ceramic, cermet, and some polymeric coatings for a broad range of applications. This article provides a brief description of commercially important thermal spray processes, namely, powder...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Railroad equipment Engines Mining equipment Hardware Other major markets include heating and refrigeration, motors and generators, fasteners, ordnance, chains, machine tools, and general industrial machinery (a) Ductile iron Pressure pipe Motor vehicles Farm machinery Engines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... of 6033 include heavy-duty structures requiring good corrosion resistance, marine applications, truck parts, railroad cars, furniture, and pipelines. Physical properties are summarized in Table 2 and mechanical properties in Table 3 . In the annealed condition, alloy 6033 can be readily cold worked...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., appliances, agricultural applications, architectural uses, automotive parts, building products, chemical equipment, containers, cooking utensils, fasteners, hardware, highway signs, hospital and medical equipment, kitchen equipment, marine applications, railroad cars, recreation vehicles, trucks and trailers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (ASTM A29, A322, A331, A576, A681) Struck face: 45 max Cutting edge: 53–60 Drop-weight test Note: All railroad striking/struck tools are currently manufactured from the grade B steel. Nonpercussion tools, such as claw bars, rail tongs, rail forks, etc., are manufactured using plain carbon steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
..., it is clear that failures that cause loss of life have occurred for over 100 years ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Throughout the 1800s bridges fell and pressure vessels blew up, and in the late 1800s railroad accidents in the United Kingdom were continually reported as “The most serious railroad accident of the week”! Those...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the principles of operation, equipment needed, applications, and advantages and disadvantages of various fusion welding processes, namely, oxyfuel gas welding, electron beam welding, stud welding, laser beam welding, percussion welding, high-frequency...