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rail welding

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Fig. 1 Carbon steel rail thermite weld. (a) Macrostructure. (b) Weld material. 65×. (c) Fusion line area. 65×. (d) Heat-affected zone. 65×. (e) Unaffected rail area. 65× Fig. 2 Typical crucible-mold setup for rail thermite welding Abstract Abstract Thermite welding (TW...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for different welding applications or for the production of metals and alloys. The theoretical temperature achieved by reducing iron oxide with aluminum is about 3100 °C (5600 °F). Applications Rail Welding The most common application of the process is the welding of rail sections into continuous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Specification No. American Welding Society (AWS) “Structural Welding Code—Steel” D1.1 “Bridge Welding Code” D1.5 American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) “Design, Fabrication, and Erection of Structural Steel for Buildings” … American Association of State Highway and Transportation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... electrical current. Examples of this situation are commonly observed in rail transit systems, pipeline systems, and electric distribution systems ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Detailed technical presentations of stray current corrosion can be found in the literature ( Ref 4 , 5 , 6 ). Stray currents...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... The most common application of the process is the welding of rail sections into continuous lengths. It is an effective way of minimizing the number of bolted joints in the track structure. The thermite welding of rails, including a short preheat, involves the following basic operations: Cut...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... selection than carbon steels because of the deeper-hardening characteristics of alloy steels. The most encompassing cause of failures of lifting equipment is poor manufacturing, assembly, and maintenance practices. Inferior machining, defective welds, residual welding stresses, misalignment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... occurred along the length of the transit system. Today stray current is mitigated, in part, by construction with continuously welded and cross-bonded rail, and high resistance rail-to-earth track, referred to as track-to-earth resistance since the rails are cross bonded. Substations are closely spaced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
..., CA) 32. Wang K.K. , “Friction Welding,” WRC Bulletin 204, 1975 33. Lee K. , Samant A. , Wu W.T. , and Srivatsa S. , “Finite Element Modeling of Inertia Welding Processes,” NumiForm 2001 34. Oh S.I. and Yoon S.M. , A New Method to Design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Inertia welding of two disk-shaped objects showing the initial geometry and the temperatures at the completion of weld. Note the flash expulsion at both the inside and outside diameters. This is a two-dimensional model shown in a three-dimensional view for easy visualization. Source: Ref 33 Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... component pump in rail shop paint kitchen Fig. 13 Highly weathered railcar Fig. 9 Exterior blasting of tank car Fig. 17 Holiday testing of tank car interior coating Fig. 18 Lining furnace Fig. 19 Installation of rubber lining. (a) Overhead application...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... loading practices for rail car shipment to protect pipe from this type of failure. Since the introduction of this recommended practice, failures of this type have been significantly reduced. These welds are made with two passes (hence the term double): one on the inside and one on the outside. Either...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-welded induction-hardened railroad rail head Fig. 19 (a) Minimum and maximum principal residual-stress profiles and (b) their orientation relative to the longitudinal direction in a turned Inconel 718 cylinder Fig. 20 (a) Subsurface residual-stress and (b) cold work distributions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... and sign-post standards. The only type of standard shape in high production that falls in this classification is rail. Railroad rails of the standard American tee rail shape are produced from carbon steel to the dimensional, chemical, and other requirements of the American Railway Engineering...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... by Surface Grinding Example 4: Longitudinal Residual Stress Distribution in Welded Railroad Rail Example 5: Determination of the Magnitude and Direction of the Maximum Residual Stress Produced by Machining Macroscopic stresses, or macrostresses, which extend over distances that are large relative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... 444 (middle row) and with saturated aqueous picric acid plus a wetting agent (bottom row). All 425× Fig. 95 Three views of a fractured specimen of type 312 weld metal that was exposed to high temperatures to transform the δ ferrite to σ phase. The specimen was subsequently broken by impact...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... size A general tendency for a decreased ductility with increasing inclusion content Correlations of weld penetration, heat-affected zone (HAZ) size, and weld-defect density with the nature and character of the welding Evaluation of such surface treatments as carburizing and induction hardening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... reduce strength in the weld region. These alloys offer good finishing characteristics and respond well to common anodizing methods such as clear, clear and color dye, and hard coat. Alloys 6005, 6005A, and 6105 are medium-strength alloys used as structural members such as hand rails and ladders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., drilling, broaching, or other minor machining operations. Extruded and extruded/drawn seamless tube competes with mechanically seamed and welded tube. Forgings Forgings are produced by inducing plastic flow through the application of kinetic, mechanical, or hydraulic forces in either closed or open...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... be used to temper the weld zone. Other metals welded by forge welding include high-alloy steels, nickel-base alloys, cobalt-base alloys, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, and tungsten. Applications of this process include welding rods, bars, tubes, rails, aircraft landing gear, chains, and cans. The forge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2