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radiation-driven shock-loading methods

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article describes testing and characterization methods of ceramics for chemical analysis, phase analysis, microstructural analysis, macroscopic property characterization, strength and proof testing, thermophysical property testing, and nondestructive evaluation techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., so that close metallurgical specifications can be met consistently. Frequently, when production is sufficient, the spinning method can be set up so that parts are either loaded manually or unloaded automatically, or they are loaded and unloaded automatically. This method has been extended to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... purposes, its cost has driven other materials such as aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) to be researched and utilized. Most thin films for these purposes are polycrystalline or amorphous. Oxides such as indium tin zinc oxide have also been used within the thin film transistor structures for displays...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... permits powder weight loadings of about 85%. This level of loading presents the possibility of continuous prefiring and controlled shrinkage sintering. Virtually any material capable of being formed into a fine, stable powder can be spun with this method. The development of SiC fiber during the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Addition to fired magnesia bricks to improve thermal shock resistance for application in cement kilns and glass tanks Produced in United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Japan Olivine Naturally occurring magnesium silicate Used as a monolithic coating in tundishes Scandinavia Silicon carbide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... initial liquid contact stage, this stage is characterized by the explosive or sudden formation of vapor bubbles (shock-film boiling), which is due to the very large temperature difference between the hot metal surface and the much cooler quenchant. Initially, small vapor bubbles are formed that grow in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... associated with radiography. There are two main aspects of safety: monitoring radiation dosage and protecting personnel. The article summarizes the major factors involved in both and discusses the operating characteristics of X-ray tubes. It describes the various methods of controlling scattered radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... understand individual damage mechanisms, it is also important to recognize that many unique mechanisms are driven by more than one environment. For example, corrosion-assisted fatigue is controlled both by exposure to cyclically applied stress and corrosion. In certain systems, cyclic stress in corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... castable that is suitable for heat shock. Inside this perimeter, the car is insulated with insulating firebrick and surfaced with 5 cm (2 in.) cast slabs of castable for heavy-duty wear resistance. Alternately, cast piers for easy forklift loading can be provided. Low-mass cars also are available depending...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... without the use of a locking key, enabling the shaft to either drive or be driven anywhere on the shaft ( Fig. 8 ). The configuration consists of an assembly of four tapered rings ( Fig. 9 ) that are retained by a series of cap screws. As shown in Fig. 10 , when the screws are tightened, the middle wedge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ). This can be accomplished by manual sanding with fine-mesh cloth or with a small motor-driven fine-mesh conical grinding wheel. Mass (barrel) finishing can be used for removing burrs and rounding edges and corners of small articles such as rivets. Rod spraying causes less heating of a workpiece than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Policy-driven water-quality changes can have large-scale unintended and/or unanticipated corrosion consequences. Pourbaix diagrams are used to predict material behavior with the adjustment of the pH. The diagrams show the conditions of potential and pH under which the metal is either nonreactive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The large majority of the commercially important glasses are processed from a carefully calculated batch of raw materials that is then melted in special furnaces. Providing an introduction to melting practices of glass production, this article focuses on various finishing methods of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... solids loading for a given viscosity. Powder systems used with wet consolidation methods can be tested by determining the viscosity of the mix. Because the viscosity values are different for each system, the instrumentation required is different. Viscometers are available with an array of probes that...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... were the original end-use target for fiberglass-reinforced bisphenol A dicyanate (BPADCy) prepolymers ( Ref 1 , 2 ) and still represent the largest and fastest-growing consumer of cyanate resins. Replacement of epoxy resin in high-reliability multilayer boards for computer circuitry is driven by the...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... a problem, because it is driven off when the sand is heated to the minimum temperature of 120 °C (250 °F) before coating. Breakage of molds or cores during molding reflects low strength. This can be caused by the use of a finer sand screen distribution without a proportionate increase in resin...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... depth of a specifically prepared surface; rather, it is wear by the literal removal of material that has been subjected to corrosion, adhesion, material transfer, and fracture due to thermal shock, thermal stress, and Hertzian loads. Properties such as strength, fracture toughness, thermal expansion...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) Nitrided. Source: Ref 1 The important properties required of materials for die casting are resistance to thermal shock and to softening at elevated temperatures. Resistance to softening is required to withstand the erosive action of molten metal at high injection velocity. Other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... atmosphere control. The effectiveness of an automatic atmosphere-analysis control system is directly related to the proper setup of the control valve and motor. Proper control valve port size and driven motor speed are important to system success. In both Fig. 8 and 9 , the control valve should drive...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... presses are equipped with either direct drives or accumulator drives. Direct-driven presses use a hydraulic pump to feed oil under pressure into the cylinder of the press continuously during the stroke. Thus, the pump capacity determines the maximum available press speed and press load. In accumulator...