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radiation hardening

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... for irradiation-assisted stress-corrosion cracking. The article addresses the effects of various radiation factors on corrosion. These include radiation-induced segregation at grain boundaries, radiation hardening, mode of deformation, radiation creep relaxation, and radiolysis. The article discusses a variety...
Image
Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 8 Typical flame-hardening installations using oxy-fuel gas mixtures. (a) Installation for high production of similar parts: hardening the 54 mm (2 1 8 in.) bores of hubs to a depth of approximately 3.2 mm ( 1 8 in.). Machine has a standard, retractable spindle adapted More
Image
Published: 01 January 1987
Fig. 64 Example of a line spall in a forged, hardened steel roll. (a) Section containing the spall cut from the roll. The arrow indicates the origin of the fracture, about 6 mm (0.25 in.) below the roll surface. (b) The fracture origin at 6.5×. Fatigue beach marks originate at the arrow; gross More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Examples include automotive radiators, solar heating panels, communications cable, and electrical connectors. At relatively low operating temperatures, these alloys can undergo thermal softening (degradation of strength/hardness) or stress relaxation (decrease in stress resulting from transformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... exceeding as well as of convection heat transfer coef - is absolutely needed, for instance in case of the Curie point. The volumetric joule losses cient (ac) and radiation heat transfer coef cient high-power induction hardening where the Ac3 determined with the nal value of magnetic (ar), are corrected...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... are due to a combination of properties, including toughness and stringiness, abrasiveness, galling, work hardening, pyrophoricity, low modulus, high density, reactivity with coolants, reactivity with tools and grinding wheels, and toxicity. These properties vary with alloy composition and heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... by neutron irradiation include swelling (volume increase), irradiation hardening, and irradiation embrittlement (the influence of irradiation hardening on fracture toughness). These effects are primarily associated with high-energy (greater than 0.1 MeV) neutrons. Consequently, irradiation damage from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and/or mechanical plastic deformation, as in forming, machining, grinding, shot peening, welding, quenching, or virtually any thermal-mechanical process that leaves a distribution of elastic strains. Phase transformations that produce nonuniform volume changes in a part, as in carburizing or case hardening of steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... a linear discontinuity and two voids. (b) Corresponding mesh obtained from the CT volume in order to perform a finite-element structure analysis Basic Principles of Computed Tomography The basic technique of CT is illustrated in Fig. 3 . The testpiece is interrogated with a beam of radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... may be metallic or ceramic, provided a diffraction peak of suitable intensity and free of interference from neighboring peaks can be produced in the high back-reflection region with the radiations available. X-ray diffraction residual stress measurement is unique in that macroscopic and microscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... in a workpiece is explained, with emphasis on the skin effect. The article discusses typical procedures for induction hardening of steel, namely, austenitizing and quenching to form martensite either on the surface (case hardening) or through the entire section (through hardening). It briefly describes induction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... sections radiographic film processing THE TERM RADIOGRAPHY often refers to the specific radiological method that produces an image on film (conventional radiography) or digitally using detection systems that fluoresce once exposed to penetrating radiation (with x-rays or γ-rays). This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Flame hardening is a heat treating process in which a thin surface shell of a steel part is heated rapidly to a temperature above the critical temperatures of the steel. The versatility of flame-hardening equipment and the wide range of heating conditions obtainable with gas burners...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... (4340, 52100), tool steels, and cast irons (gray, malleable, ductile). Because the absorption of laser radiation in cold metals is low, laser hardening often requires energy-absorbing coatings on surfaces. Reference 12 lists some energy-absorbing coatings. Typical case depths for steels are 250...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Radiography is the process or technique of producing images of a solid material on a paper/photographic film or on a fluorescent screen by means of radiation particles or electromagnetic waves of short wavelength. This article reviews the general characteristics and safety principles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... (solar radiation, heat and temperature variation, and nuclear radiation), permeation (moisture, solvent retention, chemical, and oxygen), stress (drying and curing, vibration, and impact and abrasion), and biological influences (microbiological and macrobiological). coatings paints protective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... consist of multiphase microstructures. Ferrous alloys are obvious examples, as are precipitation-hardened nonferrous alloy systems. However, even single-phase metastable structures, particularly martensitic structures, have distinct morphologies that depend on composition. Other than macrostructure, which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract Induction heating is a combination of several interrelated physical phenomena, including heat transfer, electromagnetics, and metallurgy. This article presents a brief review of different heat transfer modes, namely, heat conduction, thermal radiation, and convection. It focuses...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... furnaces. When vacuum furnaces are heated inductively, a graphite cylinder is used as a susceptor; the graphite is heated by induction and radiates the heat to the work inside the cylinder. When heating is provided by the more common resistance elements, the heat transfer is also completed by radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.9781627081771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1