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radial draw forming

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... backward and forward spinning of tube Fig. 12 Large-radius rollers staggered radially for forward spinning of tube, showing how each roller takes a portion of the total bite ( X ) Fig. 14 Principles of straightening by bending. In all methods shown, the bar is supported at points A and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... nonferrous metals. The article reviews the various types of forming processes such as blanking, piercing, fine-edge blanking, press bending, press forming, forming by multiple-slide machines, deep drawing, stretch forming, spinning, rubber-pad forming, three-roll forming, contour roll forming, drop hammer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003983
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...-sectional area or otherwise changing the shape of bars, tubes, or wires by repeated radial blows with two or more dies. The work is elongated as the cross-sectional area is reduced. The workpiece (starting blank) is usually round, square, or otherwise symmetrical in cross section, although other forms, such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Radial forging Upsetting Incremental forging Rolling Sheet rolling Shape rolling Tube rolling Ring rolling Rotary tube piercing Gear rolling Roll forging Cross rolling Surface rolling Shear forming Tube reducing Radial roll forming Extrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... localized instability and thinning also precede this type of ductile fracture ( Ref 6 ). Two model geometries were considered, one having a groove in the axial direction (Z-model) and the other having a groove in the radial direction (R-model) as shown in Fig. 15 . Applying plasticity mechanics to each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... radial and axial directions. The result is a dimensionally accurate, high-quality cylindrical or shaped tubular product having increased mechanical properties and fine surface finish. A wide range of flow-formed open- and close-ended shapes are currently available in a variety of difficult-to-form...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article provides a summary of the overall development of the finite element method (FEM) and its contribution to the materials forming industry. It presents an overview of FEM methodologies and applications in the order of their usage in typical manufacturing (bulk forming process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... complex forming operations, through the use of the finite element method, are also presented. axial deformation body centered-cubic sheets deformation texture finite element method forming plastic deformation rolled face-centered-cubic zirconium METALS are polycrystalline aggregates, that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Nevertheless, even with such measures, the temperature gradients are sufficiently large to produce noticeable radial microstructure variations in the extrudate. For example, Seetharaman, et al. ( Ref 57 ) found that the gamma grain size varied from 6 to 14 μm (0.2 to 0.6 mils) from the surface to the center of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... tests, such as the tension test, ring compression test, plane-strain compression test, bend test, indentation test, and forgeability test. It concludes with information on the role of the finite-element modeling software used in workability analysis. bend test bulk forming processes cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009006
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., the number of turns to failure is felt to be a useful measure of surface-region fracture resistance. It should always be emphasized, however, that the strain is highest at the surface in this test. That is: (Eq 7) γ = R Δ ϕ L where γ is the torsional shear strain, R is the radial...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract Thread rolling is a cold-forming process for producing threads or other helical or annular forms by rolling the impression of hardened steel dies into the surface of a cylindrical or conical blank. Methods that use cylindrical dies are classified as radial infeed, tangential feed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Symbol or relation Reduced section dimensions Length ( L ) Outer radius ( R ) Radial coordinate r Twist (θ), in radians θ (in radians)= twist in degrees × π 180 Twist rate (in radians per second) θ ˙ Shear strain (γ) γ = r θ L Shear...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... computer-aided design in the forging industry. Additionally, the article reviews specific characteristics, process limitations, advantages, and disadvantages of the most common forging processes, namely hot upset forging, roll forging, radial forging, rotary forging, isothermal and hot-die forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... axial component, σ zz , and a radial component, σ rr . In the die region, the material is assumed to obey a yield condition such that: (Eq 7) σ y = ( σ z z − σ rr ) where σ y is the yield stress in uniaxial compression. For a homogeneous rod, this analysis leads to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... critical radius requires the solutions of nonlinear systems of equations, because both surface temperature, T 0 , and critical radius, r * 0 , are unknown under this condition. Fig. 4 Critical thickness of pipe or sphere insulation Table 8 Equations for critical radius (r 0 *) in radial...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... glass products, including forming, grinding and polishing, and explores the advantages, disadvantages and steps involved in sol-gel process. It also discusses the types, processes and properties of annealed, laminated, and tempered glass, and presents the steps involved in glass decoration. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... associated with ratchet marks. The fatigue region often shows beach marks. The overload region is rougher than the fatigue region and may show chevrons or radial marks. In this example, rubbing has obliterated the early stages of fatigue cracking, but ratchet marks are present to indicate locations of crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., radial, or multidirectional pattern. The lay is an important consideration because surface topography measurements will differ depending on the direction from which they are taken. Measurement should be made perpendicular to the lay of the surface. Multiple-beam interferometers, such as the Fizeau...