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quenched-and-tempered steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
..., and volume changes due to phase transformations. Heat Treatment of Tempering and Bearing Steels This section covers through hardening, surface hardening, and tempering. Through Hardening Through hardening either is the first process step of a quench-and-temper treatment, or serves to achieve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... of a third-generation microalloy forging steel, which consists of lath martensite and uniformly distributed auto-tempered carbides Fig. 8 Bar graph showing that direct-quenched third-generation steels absorb much more energy in Charpy V-notch impact testing at −30 °C (−20 °F) than earlier...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005941
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... the importance of decarburizing, and discusses the problems caused by heating, cracking, quenching, typical steel grades, and design. cracking decarburization hardening heat treatment process design quenching residual stress size distortion steel steel selection tempering warpage Introduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... on the tempering characteristics of 0.45C-1.75Mo-0.75V steels. Source: Ref 62 Fig. 39 Variation in stress-rupture strength of 2 1 4 Cr-1Mo steel under different heat treatments. QT, quenched and tempered; NT, normalized and tempered; A, annealed; UTS, ultimate tensile strength. Source: Ref 63...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-alloy steels. The article describes six general classes of the metal: low-carbon steels, high-strength low-alloy steels, quenched-and-tempered steels, heat-treatable low-alloy steels, thermal-mechanical-controlled processing steels, and chromium-molybdenum steels. It concludes with an illustration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Recommendations for hardenability and steel selection for automotive parts. See also Table 7 Hardness limits after tempering Diameter of section, in. Rockwell C hardness, as quenched (a) Minimum depth Water-quenched parts Oil-quenched parts End-quench hardenability H-steels applicable End-quench...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005967
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of failures observed during and after heat treating of quenched and tempered steels. It describes phase transformations of steels during heating, cooling of steel with and without metallurgical transformation, and the formation of high-temperature transformation products on the surface of a carburized part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
..., 1144, and 1045 steels Temper Furnace hardened and tempered for 1 h, HRC Induction hardened and tempered for 2 h, HRC °C °F As-quenched 58 55 52 48 60 58 55 52 150 300 57.0 54.0 51.0 48.0 58.5 56.5 53.0 50.5 165 325 56.0 53.5 50.5 47.5 57.0 54.0 52.0 49.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... max 0.15–0.40 0.20 Nb or 0.05 V 275–450 40–65 415–550 60–80 18–24 Heat-treated carbon steel  Normalized (b) 0.36 0.90 max 0.15–0.40 … 200 29 415 60 24  Quenched and tempered 0.20 1.50 max 0.15–0.30 0.0005 B min 550–690 80–100 660–760 95–110 18 Quenched...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...–585 75–85 (a) Single values are maximum unless otherwise noted. (b) These grades may contain niobium, vanadium, or nitrogen. Source: Ref 2 Nominal composition and tensile properties of selected quenched and tempered low-alloy structural steels Table 4 Nominal composition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...-pearlite microstructures. It shows the range of hardness levels which may be obtained by tempering at various temperatures as a function of the carbon content of the steel. To reduce the number of processing steps associated with producing quenched and tempered microstructures, new alloying approaches have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Effect of processing variables on mechanical properties of 1030 steel. Billets of 1030 steel were either forged to 25 mm (1 in.) or 57.15 mm (2.25 in.) in diameter, then quenched and tempered, or they were hot rolled to 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter and not heat treated. Heat-treated specimens were water...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... listing values for the mechanical properties of selected carbon and alloy steels in the hot-rolled, normalized, annealed, and quenched-and tempered condition are provided. alloy steels alloying elements annealed steel carbon steels hot-rolled steel mechanical properties normalized steel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...—the hardness range of quenched-and-tempered steels—the scatter is reduced markedly and hardness can be a reasonable criterion for planning and for quality control of work materials. As shown, there are limitations in using hardness for even a given class of work materials—namely, steels. Under no circumstances...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on the salt baths used for a variety of heat treatments, including heating, quenching, interrupted quenching (austempering and martempering), case hardening, and tempering. It describes two general types of salt bath systems for steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... 21 Evolution of adiabatic shear bands in annealed (95 HRB) 1060 steel with increasing work input. (a) After 2 impacts. (b) After 4 impacts. (c) After 5 impacts. All 660× Fig. 22 Transformation shear bands in quenched and tempered (45 HRC) 1060 steel. (a) 330×. (b) 660× Fig. 16...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...–100 15–20 HSLA steel 0.08 1.30 max 0.15–0.40 0.02 Nb or 0.05 V 275–450 40–65 415–550 60–80 18–24 Heat-treated carbon steel  Normalized (b) 0.36 0.90 max 0.15–0.40 … 200 29 415 60 24  Quenched and tempered 0.20 1.50 max 0.15–0.30 0.0005 B min 550–690 80...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005884
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2