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quenchant

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract Quenchant agitation can be obtained by circulating quenchant in a quench tank through pumps and impellers. The selection of the agitation method depends on the tank design, type and volume of the quenchant, part design, and the severity of quench required. This article describes flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v4F.a0007003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... Abstract This article presents the fundamentals and nomenclature of polymer quenchants and provides a detailed discussion on the polymers used for quenching formulation. The article describes the effect of polymer structure on the quenching mechanism. It also presents the factors affecting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v4F.a0007001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... Abstract This article explains cooling mechanisms involving saltwater solutions used as quenchants. The analyses of cooling power include studies of cooling curves, heat-transfer coefficients, and cooling rates. The influence of other bath parameters, such as temperature and agitation, is also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v4F.a0007002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
... Abstract In this article, an in-depth overview of petroleum quenching oils is provided, including oil composition, use, mechanism of the oil quenching processes, oil degradation, toxicology and safety, and quenching bath maintenance. oil composition oil degradation oil quenchants oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4F
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v4F.9781627084505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-450-5
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Published: 09 June 2014
Fig. 23 Variation in Grossmann hardenability factor ( H ) of a PAG quenchant as a function of polymer concentration, bath temperature, and circulation rate More
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Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 17 Effect of polyalkylene glycol quenchant concentration on short-transverse 0.1 and 0.2% proof stress and tensile strength of 25 and 100 mm (1 and 4 in.) thick 7075 forgings. Solution heat treated 4 h at 460 °C (860 °F) and aged 12 h at 135 °C (275 °F). CWQ, cold water quench; BWQ More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 1 Allocation of process control and quenchant costs More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 56 Harmful effects of impeded vertical quenchant flow through the load of a batch quench system. Source: Ref 35 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 57 Effect of quenchant flow direction on distortion. Source: Ref 49 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 60 Polyakov rules for immersion of cylindrical parts into a quenchant. The dashed horizontal lines indicate the level of the liquid; the vertical arrows indicate the direction of immersion of the part. P SC indicates the perimeter of the stress concentrator. Source: Ref 53 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 11 Thermal separation of a polyalkylene glycol quenchant. Source: Ref 3 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 24 Effect of concentration on the cooling curves of a polyacrylate quenchant. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 25 Effect of temperature on the cooling curve of a polyacrylate quenchant. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 26 Effect of agitation on the cooling curves of a polyacrylate quenchant. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 3 Illustration of the ability of a relatively fast aqueous polymer quenchant to harden different section sizes of AISI 1045 carbon steel. Polymer quenchant concentration: 10%; bath temperature: 32 °C (90 °F) More
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Published: 30 September 2014
Fig. 4 Illustration of the ability of a relatively slow aqueous polymer quenchant to harden different section sizes of AISI 4140 low-alloy steel. Polymer quenchant concentration: 20%; bath temperature: 60 °C (140 °F) More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 8 Effects of quenchant temperature on cooling power in end-quench test. Effect is slight up to 38 °C (100 °F), impaired at 52 °C (125 °F), and greatly impaired above 71 °C (160 °F) More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 79 Cooling time-temperature curves of a hot oil quenchant at 200 °C (390 °F) after increasing use superimposed on a time-temperature transformation curve for a bearing steel More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 110 Cooling rate of a polyacrylate quenchant as a function of concentration and temperature More