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quench tank design

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...Abstract Abstract Quenchant agitation can be obtained by circulating quenchant in a quench tank through pumps and impellers. The selection of the agitation method depends on the tank design, type and volume of the quenchant, part design, and the severity of quench required. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... 155 20. Bogh N. , Quench Tank Design Using Flow Modeling , Heat Treating: Equipment and Processes, 1994 Conference Proceedings , Totten G.E. and Wallis R.A. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 51 21. Tensi H.M. , Stich A. , and Totten G.E. , Proc...
Book Chapter

By J.R. Keough
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... will be a function of the size of the quenching system and the design capacity of the agitators employed. That will define the maximum laminar (nonturbulent) flow rate achievable. An effectively agitated quench should turn the volume of the quench tank at least 100 times per hour, although many quenches allow turn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... the temperature of the water to below 30 °C (90 °F), with the maximum rise of no more than 5 °C (10 °F). This requirement governs the design of most quench tanks regarding the total volume in an immersion quench tank. (See the section “Quench Tank Systems” in this article for more details.) Effect of Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... to below 30 °C (90 °F), with the maximum rise of no more than 5 °C (10 °F). This requirement governs the design of most quench tanks regarding the total volume in an immersion quench tank. (See the section “ Quench Tank Systems ” in this article for more details.) Water quenching practices for common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... and Wallis R.A. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 105 – 116 17. Bogh N. , Quench Tank Agitation Design Using Flow Modeling , Heat Treating: Equipment and Processes—1994 Conference Proceedings , Totten G.E. and Wallis R.A. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 51 – 54...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... with stand-alone IQ water tank. Courtesy, Akron Steel Heat Treating Co. Fig. 16 Integral quench atmosphere furnace equipped with intensive quenching water tank. Source: Reprinted from Ref 3 with permission of ASTM International Fig. 17 Schematic of continuous-type intensive quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... the steel composition or the agitation, quenchant temperature, or the quenching medium. The design of the quenching system and the thoroughness with which the system is maintained contribute to the success of the process. Part design also contributes to the mechanical properties and distortion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... more desirable than straight water quenchants in many applications. Proper quench system design requires consideration of many factors during the selection of a quenchant quench system: Tuning, or load matching, requires the use of a tank circuit either in parallel or in series...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005862
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... can make a big difference in the quenching ability of water. See the section “Quench System Design” in this article for information on systems to control quenchant temperature. In dunk, or drop, quenching, the part is heated above the upper critical temperature and transferred to a quench tank...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... generally increase the likelihood of distortion or cracking. Complex baffling patterns in the quench tank and propeller agitation, both of which often are necessary with oil and water quenchants, are not always required with a brine quench but may be required for steels with very low hardenability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... with a surrounded cooling jacket to remove heat from the fluidized beds. As with convection quenching tanks such as oil and water, the fluidized bed must be designed for a maximum temperature rise of no more than 20 to 40 °C (40 to 70 °F) during the quenching cycle. The basic calculations used to size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... safety sensors such as limited access device and light curtains. Yearly, inspect and replace any worn or frayed rubber belts that are used for rotation or other motions. As required, clean out the quench collection tank removing any sludge or scale. Examine tank for damage to surface coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... as Modeling of the Flow Distribution in an Oil Quench Tank, JMEPEG , Vol 1 , Dec 6 1993 , p 781 – 787 57. Bogh N. , Quench Tank Agitation Design Using Flow Modeling , Proceedings of the International Heat Treating Conference: Equipment and Processes , ASM International , 1994 , p 51...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
...-ammonia-based atmospheres, industrial gas nitrogen-base atmospheres, argon atmospheres, and hydrogen atmospheres. Atmospheres for backfilling, partial pressure operation, and quenching in vacuum are also discussed. Furnace atmospheres constitute four major groups of safety hazards in heat treating: fire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.9781627081665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005957
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... of the treatment ( Ref 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 ). For handling batch loads of material to be heated, quenched, and tempered, quench tanks and cranes should be located in such a way that little time is lost in moving the material from the furnace into the quenching medium. In heat treating furnaces, many furnace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Pressure Levels in Vacuum Furnaces Comparison of Vacuum and Atmosphere Furnace Processing Design of Vacuum Furnaces Heating Elements in Vacuum Furnaces Quenching Systems in Vacuum Furnaces Work Load Support in Vacuum Furnaces Pumping Systems in Vacuum Furnaces Temperature Control...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Variable Equipment requirements Capacity of quench tank, L (gal) 18,925 (5000) Type of oil Mineral oil (viscosity at 99 °C, or 210 °F; 110 SUS) Temperature of oil, °C (°F) 190 (375) Agitation High and low, as required Equipment requirements for oil martempering carburized parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... enough to cause the brazing alloy to flow. It is then quenched to harden the steel and complete the braze. Press-fit assemblies with carefully designed lap joints are ideal for this application. The simplest treatment consists of oxidizing the cyanide in an alkaline solution to which is added either...