1-20 of 194 Search Results for

quantitative metallography

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... fraction, number per unit area, intersections and intercepts per unit length, grain size, and inclusion content. quantitative metallography quantitative microstructural measurement grain size Overview Introduction Many tasks performed by metallographers are done simply by visual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract The objective of quantitative metallography/stereology is to describe the geometric characteristics of the features. This article discusses the geometric attributes of microstructural features that can be divided into: the numerical extents and the number density of microstructural...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... gained wide usage in quality control and research studies. Examples of the applications of quantitative metallography have been reviewed by Underwood ( Ref 1 ). Basically, two types of measurements of microstructures are made. The first group includes measurements of depths (i.e., depth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in smearing or alteration of the microstructure. Microstructural analysis has been used extensively for characterizing ferrous and nonferrous metals, but it is also extremely useful for characterizing advanced materials such as composites and ceramics. Traditional quantitative metallography or stereology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... in the characterization of metals, although incomplete, represents the wide variety of features that can be evaluated by light macroscopy. See the articles “Light Optical Metallography” and Quantitative Metallography ” in this Volume for further examples and discussion. Acknowledgment Parts of this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... on the structures of materials. The discovery of the existence of stable structure-property relationships has led to the development of various methods of microstructural quantification, known as quantitative metallography or, more generally, stereology ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 ). Stereological methods have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., with the top TiN layer removed by the post-coat treatment. Murakami's reagent, 1 min. 1500×. Quantitative Metallography The current status of quantitative metallography of cemented carbides is presented in Ref 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 . The important parameters measured are pore volume, binder volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... 337 – 354 10.1520/STP33439S 6. Underwood E.E. , Practical Solutions to Stereological Problems , in Practical Applications of Quantitative Metallography , STP 839, McCall J.L. and Steele J.H. , Ed., American Society for Testing and Materials , 1984 , p 160 – 179...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... analyzers metallography microscopy microstructure quantitative determination sample preparation Overview Introduction Image analysis minimizes the influence of operator fatigue, which reduces the accuracy and reproducibility of manual measurements. In addition, although microstructural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the origin of metallography. It presents information on how to select a section from a specimen and prepare it for macroscopic analysis. The article describes the macroscopic analysis of steel fracture surfaces with emphasis on ductile, brittle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of grain-size measurement, grain shape, and grain-size statistics are covered in texts on quantitative metallography such as Ref 40 , 41 , 42 (see also the article “Quantitative Characterization and Representation of Global Microstructural Geometry” in this Volume). The topological relations...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is obtained. When classified by the types of information they obtain, techniques are often classified as the following: Elemental: What elements are present (qualitative elemental analysis)? In what concentration is each element present (quantitative elemental analysis)? Structural: How...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the metallography and microstructures of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys. It describes the role of major alloying elements and their effect on phase formation and the morphologies of constituents formed by liquid-solid and/or solid-state...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract Optical metallography, one of the most common materials characterization techniques, uses visible light to magnify structural features of interest. This article discusses the use of optical methods to evaluate micro and macrostructure and relate it to process conditions and material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... up carbon in order to avoid formation of chromium carbides at the grain boundaries during cooling. In addition, stainless steels that contain selenium or sulfur to improve their machinability are extremely difficult to weld. Therefore, to determine whether the steel is weldable, quantitative analyses...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract The quantitative characterization of fracture surface geometry, that is, quantitative fractography, can provide useful information regarding the microstructural features and failure mechanisms that govern material fracture. This article is devoted to the fractographic techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... to Cast Iron , Prakt. Metallogr. , Vol 30 ( No. 3 ), March 1993 , p 122 – 128 14. Hubner J.M. and Radzikowska K.J. , “Application of Colour in Quantitative Metallography,” Fifth International Conference on the Microstructure of High Temperature Materials , Nov 22–24, 1999...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... electron microscope features qualitative and quantitative analysis of the chemical composition with a typical lateral resolution of a micrometer and a typical depth resolution of a few tenths of a micrometer. Due to the relatively easy handling, SEM has found a wide range of applications in materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract The principal objective of quantitative fractography is to express the characteristics of features in the fracture surface in quantitative terms, such as the true area, length, size, spacing, orientation, and location. This article provides a detailed account of the development of more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... and alloying method, and the microstructure, metallography is the only set of test methods capable of providing information on all three contributors. This is accomplished by the examination of properly selected and prepared specimens. Metallic specimens, both porous and pore-free, are opaque...