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quantitative image analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Quantitative image analysis has expanded the capabilities of surface analysis significantly with the use of computer technology. This article provides an overview of the quantitative image analysis and optical microscopy. It describes the various steps involved in surface preparation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... determined. The mathematical relationships developed in quantitative stereology are described in the article “Quantitative Image Analysis” and “Quantitative Characterization and Representation of Global Microstructural Geometry” in Volume 9 of ASM Handbook . Knowing the roughness parameters enables...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... purposes. The development of image analysis equipment began in the late 1960s, but computer systems were not technically advanced at that time. The history of quantitative metallography is not long, but its use has become very important. Although the fundamental relationships for stereology, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... and selective excitation configuration of the signal-generation mechanisms in thermal nondestructive evaluation methods. The three widely used approaches to TNDE are surface-excited thermography, vibrothermography, and thermoelastic stress analysis. The article provides information on the common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... area to generate an image, because they do not require contact with the test piece and can be performed with only single-side access on flat or curved surfaces. In general, SET methods are limited to detection of features where the diameter of the flaw is greater than its depth and the material...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... under which failure has occurred. Beginning with a discussion of the various stages of failure analysis of glass and ceramic materials, this article focuses on descriptive and quantitative fracture surface analysis techniques that are used in the examination of glass and surfaces created by fracture and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... collection, whereby a complete EDS spectrum is collected at each pixel of an x - y image scan. Having the complete EDS spectrum available at every pixel enables full quantitative analysis at every pixel, including peak fitting for overlap and background correction that enables implementation of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., except static SIMS, do not emphasize true surface compositional analysis. Rather, in-depth profiling (from 20 to 2000 nm), bulk impurity analysis, and imaging of microstructural features are more common applications of SIMS. Of these, quantitative depth profiling with high detection sensitivity and depth...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Chemical analysis is carried out by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and plasma-emission spectrophotometry. Phase analysis is done by X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic methods, thermal analysis, and quantitative analysis. Techniques used for microstructural analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... quantitative measurement techniques, evaluation reliability, and quantitative interpretation of nondestructive inspection methods. The common nondestructive evaluation methods, along with their uses and limitations, are summarized in a table. The article conceptually illustrates the interplay of NDE and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... calibration of materials for accurate measurements using XPS are provided, along with some aspects of the accuracy in quantitative analysis by XPS. In addition, the article presents examples of how XPS data can be used to solve problems with surface interactions. chemical composition X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract Machine vision, also referred to as computer vision or intelligent vision, is a means of simulating the image recognition and analysis capabilities of the human eye and brain system with digital techniques. The machine vision functionality is extremely useful in inspection, supervision...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... characterization dose-response assessment exposure assessment hazard identification infrared analysis medical devices polymeric biomaterials qualitative tests quantitative tests risk assessment thermal analysis CURRENTLY, there is a great deal of discussion about the merits of chemical and material...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... software to facilitate data reduction and quantitative plotting and mapping of results. Backscattered electron imaging of atomic number contrast: ∼1 μm X-ray characterization of elemental chemistry: ∼2 μm, sampling depth ∼2 μm Threshold sensitivity for elemental analysis using WDS...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) Secondary electron imaging of surface topography: ∼10 nm (same as SEM) Auger electron characterization of elemental chemistry: 10 to 20 nm; sampling depth: ∼1 nm Threshold sensitivity: ∼0.5% Precision of quantitative analyses: ∼10% relative or 0.5% absolute, whichever is greater Cannot...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the types of information they obtain, techniques are often classified as the following: Elemental: What elements are present (qualitative elemental analysis)? In what concentration is each element present (quantitative elemental analysis)? Structural: How are the atoms crytallographically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... also provides information on digital radiography, image processing and analysis, dual-energy imaging, and partial angle imaging, of a CT system. computed tomography digital radiography dual-energy imaging film radiography partial angle imaging real-time radiography X-ray computed tomography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... electron gun for primary electron excitation of the sample, an electron spectrometer for energy analysis of the Auger electrons, a secondary electron detector for secondary electron imaging, a stage for sample manipulation, and an ion gun for sputter removal of atoms from the sample surface. Stages are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... orientations However, a number of improvements were incorporated to obtain quantitative information on the coupling of grain growth and texture evolution. These improvements included: Application of a three-dimensional (3-D), rather than a two-dimensional (2-D), analysis Use of a large number of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... environments. Detailed descriptions of the historical development of quantitative fractography and associated quantification techniques can be found in the articles “Quantitative Fractography” and “Fractal Analysis of Fracture Surfaces” in this Volume. Supplementary information can be found in the...