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quantitative image analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the essential parts of the complex process of quantitative image analysis to assist automatic image analysis in laboratories. It describes the basic difference between the bias of classical manual stereological analysis and quantitative image analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract Quantitative image analysis has expanded the capabilities of surface analysis significantly with the use of computer technology. This article provides an overview of the quantitative image analysis and optical microscopy. It describes the various steps involved in surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... distributions. Common particle size measuring techniques discussed in this article include sieve analysis, quantitative image analysis, laser diffraction, sedimentation methods, aerodynamic time-of-flight method, electrical zone sensing, and photon correlation spectroscopy. The advantages and disadvantages...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the main theoretical and practical aspects of sequence normally followed in digital image-acquisition, processing, analysis, and output for material characterization. It discusses the main methods of digital imaging, image processing, and analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of SIMS, the quantitative analysis of SIMS data, and the static mode of operation of time-of-flight SIMS are covered. Instrumental features required for secondary ion imaging are presented and the differences between quadrupole and high-resolution magnetic mass filters are described. The article also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... graphically illustrates the SIMS spectra and depth profiles of various materials. The quantitative analysis of ion-implantation profiles, instrumental features required for secondary ion imaging, the analysis of nonmetallic samples, detection sensitivity, and the applications of SIMS are also discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Fabrication , Metal Powder Industries Federation , Princeton, NJ , 1997 General Methods of Metal Powder Production Particle Sizing Particle Shape Understanding Particle Size Distributions Sieving Laser Diffraction Particle Sizing Image Analysis Methods Qualitative Quantitative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., and contrast enhancement. In addition, powerful software packages are available for quantitative image analysis, including the measurement of size distributions, shape factors, and modal analysis of the phases present ( Ref 18 ). Special Instrumentation and Accessory Equipment Scanning Electron Microscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... , Instrumentation in Automatic Image Analysis , The Microscope , Vol 22 , 1974 , p 5 – 25 12. Hougardy H.P. , Measurement of the Performance of Quantitative Image Analyzing Instruments , Pract. Metallogr. , Vol 12 , 1975 , p 624 – 635 13. Hougardy H.P. , Recent Progress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... , 1993 , p 266 – 294 10.1520/STP25108S 25. Vander Voort G.F. , Precision and Reproducibility of Quantitative Measurements , Quantitative Microscopy and Image Analysis , ASM International , Metals Park, OH , 1994 , p 21 – 34 26. Vander Voort G.F. , Metallography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the microstructural characteristics, automatic image analysis provides a means of quantitatively evaluating coating structures. This method is increasingly being used to detect and measure voids (porosity), oxides, unmelted spray particles, and interfacial contamination ( Ref 13 , 14 , 15 ). Coated specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... quantitative geometrical methods for characterizing nonplanar fracture surfaces. Prominent techniques for studying fracture surfaces are based on the projected images, stereoscopic viewing, and sectioning. The article provides information on various roughness and materials-related parameters for profiles...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... Chemical analysis is carried out by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and plasma-emission spectrophotometry. Phase analysis is done by X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic methods, thermal analysis, and quantitative analysis. Techniques used for microstructural analysis...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., elemental analysis, and recently, crystallographic analysis: Imaging of features as small as ∼10 nm or less, roughly 100 times smaller than can be seen with light microscopes Imaging of rough surfaces Qualitative and semi-quantitative elemental analyses on microstructural features as small as ∼2...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for quantitative characterization. Development of the scanning electron microscope (SEM), and more recently, of powerful digital image analysis equipment, has led to significant advances in quantitative fractography. Numerous quantitative correlations between the material properties such as strength, ductility...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... exists that a complete quantitative analysis can be performed at each location in the image. All of the same steps that are applied in the case of a quantitative analysis at a static point beam location must be applied at every point within the array. In the case of EDS mapping, dead time and background...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...). In most applications for failure analysis, qualitative results are adequate, but the method can determine quantitative elemental compositions to a precision of 0.01 wt% with relative accuracies of ±5%, depending on the specific material, type of x-ray detector used, the method of data analysis employed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 4. “ Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbian-Vanadium Structural Steel ,” A572 – A515 , ASTM 5. “ Standard Guide for Quantitative Analysis by Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy ,” E1508 – E112a , ASTM Depending on the industry and country corresponding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... probe X-ray microanalysis inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy ion-scattering spectroscopy material characterization microanalysis powders quantitative analysis scanning electron microscopy surface analysis X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy X-ray powder diffraction BULK...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and the characteristic sample dimensions from which this information is obtained. When classified by the types of information they obtain, techniques are often classified as: Elemental: What elements are present (qualitative elemental analysis)? In what concentration is each element present (quantitative...