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quantitative fractography

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract The quantitative characterization of fracture surface geometry, that is, quantitative fractography, can provide useful information regarding the microstructural features and failure mechanisms that govern material fracture. This article is devoted to the fractographic techniques that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... fracture surfaces and their observation methods. crack initiation fatigue crack growth fatigue fracture fatigue life fatigue test fractography plane strain specimen preparation FATIGUE PROPERTIES of particle-reinforced metal-matrix composites (PR-MMCs) and the quantitative examination of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract The principal objective of quantitative fractography is to express the characteristics of features in the fracture surface in quantitative terms, such as the true area, length, size, spacing, orientation, and location. This article provides a detailed account of the development of more...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... interactions between crack fronts and inclusions, etc. A separate fractography terminology is provided in this article. ceramics crack propagation descriptive fractography failure analysis fractography techniques fractography terminology fracture markings fracture surface markings quantitative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... dating back to the sixteenth century to the state-of-the-art work in electron fractography and quantitative fractography. It also describes the applications and limitations of scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. electron fractography fractography microfractography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... photogrammetric methods, is used for conducting spatial measurements on stereo pairs ( Ref 31 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 ). Detailed information on stereoscopic imaging and photogrammetric methods can be found in the article “Quantitative Fractography” in this Volume. In stereo photogrammetry, calibrated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fractal dimensions that result from these analyses appear to possess some generality for natural irregular nonplanar surfaces and their profiles. fractal analysis fracture surface quantitative fractography surface roughness RESEARCH into the field of quantitative fractography has progressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... , 14 , 15 ) or completely fractured ( Ref 16 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 ) specimens: Quantitative fractography makes extensive use of fracture profiles (additional information is available in the article “Quantitative Fractography” in this Volume). One interesting...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Fractography is the systematic study of fractures and fracture surfaces. It is a useful tool in failure analysis and provides a means for correlating the influence of microstructure on the fracture mode of a given material. This article discusses the preservation, preparation, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... , Vol 13 , 1994 , p 409 63. Cwajna J. , Richter J. , and Szala J. , Quantitative Metallography and Fractography of Modern Tool Alloys , Proc. Q-Mat'97, International Conference on the Quantitative Description of Materials Microstructure ( Warsaw, Poland ), Polish Society for...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... given. The approach is qualitative; readers who wish to learn more about the quantitative side of fractography of ceramics should consult the references given at the end of the article. The reference list also includes sources that will help readers explore various aspects of fractography of ceramics in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... section is to provide the analyst with a description of how the procedural sequence and specific techniques were used in conducting several specific composite failure investigations. The eighth article, “Fatigue Properties and Quantitative Fractography of Metal-Matrix Composites” is devoted to fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... 675, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM , 1979 , p 633 – 682 32. Underwood E.E. and Chakrabortty S.B. , “Quantitative Fractography of a Fatigued Ti-28V Alloy,” STP 733 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM , 1981 , p 337 – 354 33. Coster M. and Chermant...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... should be analyzed (see Fig. 11 ) Artifacts (tire tracks) Common in cyclic loading Due to entrapped particulate matter Fractography is an active research area and has benefited from a closely related interest in quantitative assessment of load carrying capability as predicted by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Crack Growth Behavior of Alloy 718 at 298 K and 823 K , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 9 ( No. 4 ), April 1978 , p 471 – 480 10.1007/BF02646402 29. Gerberich W.W. and Jatavallabhula K. , Quantitative Fractography and Dislocation Interpretations of the Cyclic Cleavage Crack Growth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... geometric factors and materials aspects that influence the stress-strain behavior and fracture of ductile metals. It highlights fractures arising from manufacturing imperfections and stress raisers. The article presents a root cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of the fractography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... compression, bending, torsion). Finally, the factors influencing the appearance of a fracture surface and various imperfections or stress raisers are described, followed by a root-cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of these fractography concepts. brittle fracture crack nucleation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... column, signal detection and display equipment, and vacuum system. It discusses the preparation of samples for observation using an SEM and describes the application of SEM in fractography. If the surface remains unaffected and undamaged by events subsequent to the actual failure, it is often a simple...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... nondestructive part evaluation; and verification of materials and processing methods. The article discusses the determination of fiber, matrix, and void volume fractions and verification of ply lay-up and orientation. The review of composites processing parameters; fractography and surface analysis; and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... application of SEM in fractography is discussed. The article covers the failure mechanisms of ductile failure, brittle failure, mixed-mode failure, and fatigue failure. Lastly, image dependence on microscope type and operating parameters is also discussed. fractography microstructure sample...