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qualitative tests

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... preparing the reagent solution(s), for performing the spot test, and for interpreting the results, is also included. The article discusses two specialized applications of qualitative analysis, namely illicit drug identification and spacecraft drinking water quality testing. It also contains tables listing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... measurement of adhesive joint strength. These include qualitative tests, peel tests, lap shear tests, tensile tests, and adhesive fracture mechanics tests. adhesive fracture adhesive joints lap shear test mechanical strength peel test qualitative test tensile test MOST ENGINEERING DESIGNS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews the factors that have a significant effect on the selection and interpretation of results of different hardness tests, namely, Brinell, Rockwell, Vickers, and Knoop tests. The factors concerned include hardness level (and scale limitations), specimen thickness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... chemical cleaning methods. The electrochemical cleaning methods include electropolishing, electrolytic alkaline cleaning, and electrolytic pickling. The article provides information on cleanliness measurement methods such as qualitative tests and quantitative tests to ensure product quality. Health hazards...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Several qualitative, semiquantitative, and quantitative tests are available to estimate and control metal cleanliness, particularly inclusion concentration of aluminum alloys. This article provides a brief description of few of the metal cleanliness assessment techniques, such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... spectrometry for electron probe microanalysis. Key concepts for performing qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis by electron-excited X-ray spectrometry are then presented. Several sources that lead to measurement uncertainties in the k-ratio/matrix corrections protocol are provided, along with the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides the background of biological evaluation of medical devices. It discusses what the ISO 10993 standards require for polymeric biomaterials and presents examples of what qualitative and quantitative tests can be used to satisfy the requirements. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... based on a color change or precipitation ( Ref 16 ). A wide variety of free elements, anions, cations, alloys, and even organic compounds can be identified by chemical spot tests with simple reagents. After qualitative identification, an appropriate instrumental method is selected for quantitative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... rate is an important factor for the phase-transformation effects of an alloy and the corresponding thermal expansion. Tensile tests for the determination of the yield strength and hardening behavior must be executed with both a quasi-static and at least one higher strain rate. This is necessary in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or wedge-shaped cracks at grain triple points • Reaction scales or internal precipitation • Some cold flow in last stages of failure Contributing factors • Load exceeded the strength of the part • Check for proper alloy and processing by hardness check or destructive testing, chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... economy are well documented. For example, the importance of investigating failures was vividly illustrated in the pioneering efforts of the Wright Brothers in developing self-propelled flight. In fact, while Wilbur was traveling in France in 1908, Orville was conducting flight tests for the U.S. Army...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article reviews the general mechanical properties and test methods commonly used for ceramics and three categories of polymers, namely, fibers, plastics, and elastomers. The mechanical test methods for determining the tensile strength, yield strength, yield point, and elongation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... information on the qualitative applications of thermoelastic stress analysis. infrared detectors nonquantum detectors quantum detectors thermal detectors thermoelastic stress analysis THERMOELASTIC STRESS ANALYSIS (TSA) is an increasingly popular infrared (IR)-based technique for measuring...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract This article provides information on basic chemical equilibria, wet analytical chemistry, and the appropriateness of classical wet methods. It focuses on nonoxidizing acids and oxidizing acids. The article includes information on the qualitative methods used to identify materials by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... (abrasive particles indent and scratch a surface) is a major type of abrasive wear. Figure 7 shows the resistance of various materials against two-body abrasion. Qualitative results were obtained by a pin-on-disk test in accordance with the ASTM G132 standard using abrasive flint (size 80 mesh). The...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... processes involved in sample preparation for XRF analysis are also included. The article further provides information on the practical procedure for and the applications of WDS and EDS qualitative and quantitative analyses. X-ray absorption X-ray emission X-ray spectroscopy X-Ray Radiation X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... avoided by applying some early litmus tests for the design. These qualitative concepts, although simple, are effective in identifying good MIM designs. The qualitative attributes of MIM—production quantity, shape complexity, cost, and performance—are now examined from a quantitative standpoint. The...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... fluid dynamics (CFD) is one of the tools available for understanding and predicting the performance of thermal-fluids systems. This article qualitatively describes the basic principles of CFD. The numerical methods, such as geometry description and discretization, used to solve the CFD equations are...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...-phase chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, ion-pair chromatography, and size-exclusion chromatography. The article also includes a discussion on the qualitative and quantitative analyses and the applications of LC. inorganic compounds liquid chromatography organic compounds qualitative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Abstract This article provides a description of various systems for computer-aided materials selection that deals primarily with promising prototypes that have emerged for various applications. These include expert systems, quantitative selection systems, qualitative and experiential selection...