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qualitative analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... spectrometry for electron probe microanalysis. Key concepts for performing qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis by electron-excited X-ray spectrometry are then presented. Several sources that lead to measurement uncertainties in the k-ratio/matrix corrections protocol are provided, along...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of electrons at the surface that are capable of producing peaks in XPS. Additionally, it presents information on the instrumentation and the preparation and mounting of samples for XPS analysis. The article explains qualitative analysis, namely, measuring of shifts in the binding energy of core electrons...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... techniques of IR spectroscopy, namely, attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy, emission spectroscopy, and photoacoustic spectroscopy, and chromatographic techniques. Explaining the qualitative analysis of IR spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... a microscopic part of a solid specimen bombarded by a beam of accelerated electrons. It provides information on the various aspects of energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and wavelength-dispersive spectrometry (WDS), and elucidates the qualitative analysis of the major constituents of EDS and WDS. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and accessories necessary in obtaining the infrared spectrum of a material are then discussed. The article presents various techniques and methods involved in IR qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis. It ends with a few examples of the applications of IR spectroscopy. infrared spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... for preparing the reagent solution(s), for performing the spot test, and for interpreting the results, is also included. The article discusses two specialized applications of qualitative analysis, namely illicit drug identification and spacecraft drinking water quality testing. It also contains tables listing...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and processes involved in sample preparation for XRF analysis are also included. The article further provides information on the practical procedure for and the applications of WDS and EDS qualitative and quantitative analyses. X-ray absorption X-ray emission X-ray spectroscopy X-Ray Radiation X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for failure analysis, qualitative results are adequate, but the method can determine quantitative elemental compositions to a precision of 0.01 wt% with relative accuracies of ±5%, depending on the specific material, type of x-ray detector used, the method of data analysis employed, and, as always, the skill...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Detection and quantification of elements with atomic number 5 or higher (older energy dispersive units with beryllium window detectors are limited to atomic number 11 or higher) Typical Uses Qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis for major and minor elements in metals and alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... with information on the qualitative applications of thermoelastic stress analysis. infrared detectors nonquantum detectors quantum detectors thermal detectors thermoelastic stress analysis THERMOELASTIC STRESS ANALYSIS (TSA) is an increasingly popular infrared (IR)-based technique for measuring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... Because of the conceptual nature of risk, any careful analysis, experiment, or historical study may not correspond well with an individual's or society's perception of the risk. Statistical risk and predicted risk are generally analytical and quantitative, whereas perceived risk is qualitative. Because...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... analytical chemistry. Mechanical methods and nonoxidizing acids and/or acid mixtures for dissolving solid samples for wet chemical analysis are then reviewed. Qualitative methods that are used to identify materials by wet chemical reaction are also included. The article provides information on various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... of metal powders, surface analysis should be approached with great care. Typically, microfocus electron beam techniques are the only solution for this. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) using a microscope equipped with an energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) system can provide qualitative analysis...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Principles and Instrumentation The electron microprobe and scanning electron microscope operate on identical principles. The key differences are that electron microprobes are typically equipped with several crystal spectrometers to facilitate wavelength dispersive x-ray analysis. Qualitative analysis...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... analysis, pressure filter tests, electric resistivity tests, reduced-pressure test, and ultrasonic technique. Detection methods based on the certain principles and the types of impurities in chemical analysis are discussed. aluminum alloys qualitative test semiquantitative test quantitative tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... solids Table 1 Analytical methods used for characterization of organic solids Technique(a) Elemental analysis Speciation Compound Isotopic or mass analysis Qualitative analysis (identification of constituents) Semiquantitative analysis (order of magnitude) Quantitative analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... verification Iso/Mass Isotopic or mass analysis Qual Qualitative analysis (identification of constituents) Semiquant Semiquantitative analysis (order of magnitude) Quant Quantitative analysis (precision of ±20% relative standard deviation) Macro/Bulk Macroanalysis or bulk analysis Micro...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the general methods of metal powder production. It details the primary methods for particle sizing used in additive manufacturing: sieving, laser diffraction and scattering, and digital image analysis. Methods of interpreting and understanding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... The article also discusses the uses of some special techniques used in molecular fluorescence spectroscopy. emission spectroscopy molecular fluorescence spectroscopy qualitative analysis quantitative analysis uranium Overview Introduction Molecular fluorescence spectroscopy has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., the distinguishing alloying additions are low and the overlapping tensile requirements make hardness values inconclusive. Quantitative versus Qualitative Bulk Chemical Analysis When performing bulk chemical analysis, it is important to discern whether the technique being employed is considered quantitative...