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qualitative analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... for performing qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis by electron-excited X-ray spectrometry are then presented. Several sources that lead to measurement uncertainties in the k-ratio/matrix corrections protocol are provided, along with the significance of the raw analytical total. Sections on accuracy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... on the instrumentation and the preparation and mounting of samples for XPS analysis. The article explains qualitative analysis, namely, measuring of shifts in the binding energy of core electrons, multiplet splitting, and the Auger parameter; and quantitative analysis such as depth analysis carried out using XPS...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... reflectance spectroscopy, infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy, emission spectroscopy, and photoacoustic spectroscopy, and chromatographic techniques. Explaining the qualitative analysis of IR spectroscopy, the article provides information on spectral absorbance-subtraction, analysis of components...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...), and elucidates the qualitative analysis of the major constituents of EDS and WDS. The article includes information on the analog and digital compositional mapping of elemental distribution, and describes the strengths and weaknesses of WDS and EDS spectrometers in X-ray mapping. It also outlines the application...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... involved in IR qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis. It ends with a few examples of the applications of IR spectroscopy. References References 1. Wilson E.B. , Decius J.C. , and Cross P.C. , Molecular Vibrations , McGraw-Hill , 1955 2. Painter P.C. , Coleman...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the results, is also included. The article discusses two specialized applications of qualitative analysis, namely illicit drug identification and spacecraft drinking water quality testing. It also contains tables listing common presumptive tests for detecting anions and cations in aqueous solution...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Wavelength-Dispersive Spectrometry Energy-Dispersive Spectrometry Sample Preparation Qualitative Analysis Quantitative Analysis EDS Performance Factors X-Ray Tubes for EDS EDS Operation EDS Applications X-Ray Tubes for WDS Mass Absorption Photoelectric Effect X-Ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... stress analysis data and the applications amenable to thermoelastic stress analysis. It concludes with information on the qualitative applications of thermoelastic stress analysis. References References 1. Dulieu-Barton J. and Stanley P. , Development and Applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... This is followed by sections on sampling procedures, basic chemical equilibria, and wet analytical chemistry. Mechanical methods and nonoxidizing acids and/or acid mixtures for dissolving solid samples for wet chemical analysis are then reviewed. Qualitative methods that are used to identify materials by wet...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., such as chemical analysis, pressure filter tests, electric resistivity tests, reduced-pressure test, and ultrasonic technique. Detection methods based on the certain principles and the types of impurities in chemical analysis are discussed. aluminum alloys qualitative test semiquantitative test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Fabrication , Metal Powder Industries Federation , Princeton, NJ , 1997 General Methods of Metal Powder Production Particle Sizing Particle Shape Understanding Particle Size Distributions Sieving Laser Diffraction Particle Sizing Image Analysis Methods Qualitative Quantitative...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... The article also discusses the uses of some special techniques used in molecular fluorescence spectroscopy. emission spectroscopy molecular fluorescence spectroscopy qualitative analysis quantitative analysis uranium Overview Introduction Theory Fluorescent Molecules Excitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...). In most applications for failure analysis, qualitative results are adequate, but the method can determine quantitative elemental compositions to a precision of 0.01 wt% with relative accuracies of ±5%, depending on the specific material, type of x-ray detector used, the method of data analysis employed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... , Introduction to Modern Liquid Chromatography , 2nd ed. , Wiley-Interscience , 1979 Overview Introduction Liquid Chromatographs Fundamental Concepts Modes of Liquid Chromatography Mobile Phase Programming Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis Preparative Liquid Chromatography...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Detection and quantification of elements with atomic number 5 or higher (older energy dispersive units with beryllium window detectors are limited to atomic number 11 or higher) Qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis for major and minor elements in metals and alloys Determination...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Overview Introduction Scattering Principles LEISS Spectra in Qualitative Analysis Quantitative Analysis Instrumentation Applications Binary Collisions Contributions to Scattered Intensities General Spectral Features Surface Sensitivity Mass Resolution Elemental...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... number 11 or higher) Qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis for major and minor elements in metals and alloys Determination of composition and thickness of thin film deposits Threshold sensitivity: ∼0.02% Precision of quantitative analyses: ∼1% relative or 0.02% absolute...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Absorption Sample Preparation Instrumentation Intensity Measurement Procedures Other Possible Errors Example 1: Qualitative Analysis of a Surface Phase on Silicon Example 2: Alignment of a Silicon Boule for Cutting Along Crystallographic Planes Example 3: Quantitative Analysis of ZnO...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... should be approached with great care. Typically, microfocus electron beam techniques are the only solution for this. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) using a microscope equipped with an energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) system can provide qualitative analysis of metal particles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
.... , The Safety of Fission Reactors , Sci. Am. , March 1980 , p 53 – 65 10.1038/scientificamerican0380-53 7. Wolf H.D. , Safety Analysis: Qualitative, Quantitative and Cost Effective , Engineering Design , Proceedings of the Mechanical Failures Prevention Group, 25th Meeting, NBS 487...