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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... alloys; tin and tin alloys; titanium and titanium alloys; zinc and zinc alloys; and pure metals. thermal conductivity aluminum aluminum alloys copper copper alloys iron iron alloys lead lead alloys magnesium magnesium alloys nickel nickel alloys tin tin alloys titanium titanium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article contains tables that present engineering data for the following metals and their alloys: aluminum, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, nickel, tin, titanium, zinc, precious metals, permanent magnet materials, pure metals, rare earth metals, and actinide metals. Data presented...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract In some phase diagrams, the appearance of several reactions is the result of the presence of intermediate phases. These are phases whose chemical compositions are intermediate between two pure metals, and whose crystalline structures are different from those of the pure metals. This...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... thermophysical properties for pure metals and some commercial alloys, and tabulates enthalpy of fusion and the solidus and liquidus temperatures for various alloys of commercial interest. The article also tabulates density, thermal conductivity, surface tension, and viscosity for some commercial alloys...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005228
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... discusses various microgravity solidification experiments that involve pure metals, alloys, and semiconductors and presents the official NASA acronyms for them. The experiments include MEPHISTO, TEMPUS, isothermal dendritic growth experiment, and advanced gradient heating facility. crystal growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture intergranular fracture pure iron Fig. 1 Grain-boundary cavitation in iron. This is the mechanism by which metals typically fail when subjected to elevated temperatures and low strain rates. Composition, in parts per million: 70 C, 60 S, 54 O, 11 N, 40 P. Rod, 13 mm (0.5 in.) in diameter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... 137.97 68Ni-20Cr-8.5Fe-2Si 1.5 116.36 60Ni-16Cr-22.5Fe-1.5Si 1.5 112.20 35Ni-20Cr-43.5Fe-1.5Si 1.7 101.4 Fe-Cr-Al alloys 72Fe-23Cr-5Al 1.3 138.8 55Fe-37.5Cr-7.5Al 1.2 166.23 Pure metals Molybdenum 34 5.2 Platinum 16 10.64 Tantalum 13.9 12.45 Tungsten...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
...) 20 to 100 34.8 (b) Zn-Cu-Ti alloy (0.8 Cu, 0.15 Ti) 20 to 100 24.9 (c) Pure metals Beryllium 25 to 100 11.6 Cadmium 20 29.8 Calcium 0 to 400 22.3 Chromium 20 6.2 Cobalt 20 13.8 Gold 20 14.2 Iridium 20 6.8 Lithium 20 56 Manganese 0 to 100 22...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... Gold cannot be used as a structural material at elevated temperatures because of creep of the metal. Gold rupture disks usually are not used above 80 °C (175 °F). Pure gold essentially owes its corrosion resistance to the low chemical affinity of the element. Passive film protection, such as occurs...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... form of heat, which must be removed by the mold. The energy they give up is called the “latent heat of fusion.” Pure metals give up their latent heat of fusion and solidify at a single temperature. If a pure metal is melted and allowed to solidify in the melting crucible, a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Alnico III 6.89 0.249 Alnico IV 7.00 0.253 Alnico V 7.31 0.264 Alnico VI 7.42 0.268 Barium ferrite 4.7 0.17 Vectolite 3.13 0.113 Pure metals Antimony 6.62 0.239 Beryllium 1.848 0.067 Bismuth 9.80 0.354 Cadmium 8.65 0.313 Calcium 1.55 0.056...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... hydrofluoric acid. Commercially pure nickel is particularly resistant to caustic soda. On the high-temperature side, strong nickel alloys are available to resist oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, and sulfidizing-oxidizing conditions. Despite being the ninth most abundant element in the crust of the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 0.264 Alnico 6 … 7.42 0.268 Barium ferrite … 4.7 0.17 Vectolite … 3.13 0.113 Pure metals Antimony … 6.62 0.239 Beryllium … 1.848 0.067 Bismuth … 9.80 0.354 Cadmium … 8.65 0.313 Calcium … 1.55 0.056 Cesium … 1.903 0.069 Chromium … 7.19...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... respective gases are shown in Fig. 1 as a function of carbon content. The solubility of nitrogen at 1823 K decreases from 450 ppm for pure iron to approximately 80 ppm for an alloy containing 4.5 wt% C. The solubilities of hydrogen for the same metals are 24 and 10 ppm, respectively. The hydrogen...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... least 1 wt% thoria for enhanced thermionic emission and minimization of recrystallization. Electrodes for GTAW likewise contain rare-earth oxides for greater emission, providing improved arc stability and extended life. Tungsten heavy alloys (WHAs) offer a number of advantages over the pure metal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-filled and rolled gold plate materials, the karat gold is bonded to the base metal substrate by soldering, brazing, welding, or mechanical means. The required purity of platinum may vary according to the end use or application. Although commercial-grade platinum must be at least 99.8% pure, platinum...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... 1 Test temperature versus ultimate tensile strength for pure (unalloyed) refractory metals Fig. 2 Test temperature versus modulus of elasticity for pure (unalloyed) refractory metals Fig. 3 Long-term creep behavior of various refractory metal alloys compared to that of type 316...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Even after 60% cold rolled reduction, pure gold shows a fairly low hardness of 50 HV, a low tensile strength of 215 MPa (31 ksi), and still retains approximately 2% tensile elongation. Commercially pure gold (99.95% and higher purity, in accordance with ASTM B562) easily recrystallizes at room...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... this article. More detailed information can be found in the extensive data compilation on pure metals presented in Volume 2 of the ASM Handbook. The chemical property most important to structural use of a metal is its corrosion behavior. Most metals are basic in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... ). Similar stress-relief anneals are suitable for welded or heavily machined tungsten. For swaging of pure tungsten, no recovery anneals are needed. Ingots with a cross section of 16 by 16 mm (0.6 by 0.6 in.) can be swaged to 2.54 mm (0.100 in.) with reheats after every pass ( Ref 2 ). For diameters below...