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purchasing policy

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) component buyers are recognizing that a carefully considered purchasing policy is the key to best-value procurement of metal castings. The policy should define the buyer-seller relationship, based on the following principles: Long-term relationships based on shared benefits and best value for all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... process. It then expands on questions involved in RCM process, offering definitions when necessary. Next, the article describes the approach of RCM to failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA), the failure management policies available under RCM, and the criteria of RCM for deciding when a specific...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modes and effects analysis (FMEA), and therefore, the article explains the approach of RCM to FMEA and the failure management policies available under RCM. It reviews the ways that RCM classifies failure effects in terms of consequences and details how RCM uses failure consequences to identify the best...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... particularly successful in specifications for metallic materials; however, in other areas, such as paints and coatings, most military specifications have been retained by the various services. (For additional information on U.S. policy regarding federal agency use of voluntary consensus standards, refer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... usually have guidelines concerning the format and content of technical reports, reviews, required signatures, distribution, etc. Likewise, legal considerations, such as what constitutes a business record and the length of time records and supporting data are retained, should adhere to company policies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and purchasing routinely use what DoD refers to as contractor quality control (CQC). Others use ISO 9001, SSPC contractor certification programs, or similar criteria to verify that contractors and suppliers have established and controlled processes. This methodology relies on written programs, qualified...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... With the customary arrangement, the owner is free to move tooling among various casting suppliers. The customary arrangement usually requires the OEM to purchase the tooling from the casting vendor. The casting vendor supplies the tooling and engineering to assure the casting can be produced on the vendor's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., economic considerations are generally the overriding constraint in manufacturing decision making. The costs of energy, material, purchased components, labor, tooling, and capital equipment must be minimized and properly controlled if the firm is to make a profit. Producing and selling products is generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the information was not readily available or could not be released because of company policies. In this case, information from publicly available industry records on operation and maintenance cost was obtained, and, with the assistance of industry experts, corrosion-related costs were estimated. The industry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... design and manufacturing in order to allow as much freedom as possible to the engineering design phases that follow. Such a policy is called least commitment , and it is a good policy at all stages of product realization. The idea is to allow as much freedom as possible for downstream decisions so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... manufacturing approaches incorporate low-cost tooling methodologies in the Integrated Product Team component design. This includes a tooling policy that standardizes the hard-tool interface for all outer skins and substructure. The skins are hard tooled to inner mold line and substructure is hard tooled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... design. Throughout this article, the word product will be used to describe either a product or a process for which a purchaser, customer, or user can be identified. To be fully effective, VA should be applied to a complete product, not simply to a part or activity or other subelement. Value...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... as: The acceptance objective: To establish which HSS steel end mills to purchase for use in a machining center that machines parts from an AISI 4340 steel The operating objective: To develop a tool life model for an HSS end mill used in a machining center to cut AISI 4340 alloy steel The local objectives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24A.a0006993
EISBN: 978-1-62708-439-0
... as a basis to develop policy documents. The AM process chain from design to material procurement to qualification and certification is quite complex. Quality assurance is required at every stage to ensure that the AM process can produce a part with the required quality. To create a qualification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... and practice, there is no way to look at the differences in cost, which arise from switching to new materials or technologies. A variant of this approach is to disaggregate costs between the material content of the product and the time and equipment required to convert the purchased materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article focuses on the aspects associated with inspection related to pressure vessels and pipework. These aspects include inspection policy, inspection planning and procedures, inspection strategy, inspection methodology, preparation for inspection, invasive inspection, internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... topics. The second treats data and information sources relevant to materials economics, policy, and management. A comprehensive materials information directory that is most relevant in the present context has been compiled by Wawrousek et al. ( Ref 11 ); it is an indexed catalog of some 1250 different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... it to the interviewer. This should be continued through the product use, followed by cleanup and re-storage. Here are some useful questions for prompting conversation during silent moments ( Ref 3 ): What do you like or dislike about this product? What issues do you consider when purchasing this product...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Policy Act, passed by the U.S. Congress in 1969, saw the government become the “protector” of earth, air, land, and water. The 1970s The first celebration of Earth Day in 1970, in which 20 million Americans took to the streets, highlighted the determination of the public to oppose products...