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punching die

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... be integrated ( Ref 24 ). There are many examples in the postcasting finishing cell to use the robotic integration concept. For instance, the robot can be used in conjunction with the trim die to remove any flash perpendicular to the line of die draw or punch draw. The robot can be used to work with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... determination of the extent of possible plastic deformation before fracture (ductility). Therefore, a complete description of the workability of a material is specified by its flow stress dependence on processing variables (for example, strain, strain rate, preheat temperature, and die temperature), its failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... possible plastic deformation before fracture (ductility). Therefore, a complete description of the workability of a material is specified by its flow stress dependence on processing variables (for example, strain, strain rate, preheat temperature, and die temperature), its failure behavior, and the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003978
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... is presented in the article “Dies and Die Materials for Hot Forging” in this Volume. Fig. 1 Typical dies and punches used in open-die forging. (a) Die mounted with dovetail and key. (b) Flange-mounted die. (c) Swages for producing smooth round and hexagonal bars. (d) V-die. (e) Combination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... precision forging punching safety precautions thermal fatigue trimming dies vertical press wear resistance DIE MATERIALS used for hot forging include hot-work tool steels (AISI H series), some alloy steels such as the AISI 4300 or 4100 series, and a small number of proprietary, lower-alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... conventional closed-die forging applications. (a) Abrasive wear with some indication of thermal-fatigue cracking in top blocker punch. (b) Abrasive wear with more prominent radial lines indicative of thermal-fatigue cracking (Finkl FX-2 dies) after 2000 forging blows. Courtesy of Dana Corp. Fig. 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... set is reduced, and machining is mainly devoted to producing the cavities or punches. The information flow and processing steps used in die manufacturing may be divided into the following stages: Die design (including geometry transfer and modification) Heat treatment Tool path generation...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... such that the edge is machinable. The manufacturing process as a whole should be considered in designing tooling. Although holes could be made in the component using cores, the added cost of the complexity of the die and maintenance of moveable cores may make punching holes in a secondary operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... designed for cold extrusion with high rigidity, accurate alignment, and long working strokes are described. The article details the factors that are critical in cold extrusion: punch design, die design, and tool design. It summarizes the role of lubricants during extrusion of steel, such as soap lubricant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... 1 Schematics of the cold heading of an unsupported bar in a horizontal machine. (a) Head formed between punch and die. (b) Head formed in punch. (c) Head formed in die. (d) Head formed in punch and die Fig. 2 Cold heading of a screw blank in three blows...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Abstract This article begins with discussion on forgeability and the factors affecting the forgeability of aluminum and aluminum alloys. It describes the types of forging methods and equipment and reviews critical elements in the overall aluminum forging process: die materials, die design, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... machined dies. The same material would be used for the punch, except that O1 should be substituted for W1 in applications in which W1 might crack during heat treating The punch material can be the same as the die material, except that O1 should be substituted for W1 in applications in which W1 might...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... closed-die forgings, including finish allowances for machining, length and width tolerances, die-wear tolerance, match tolerances, die-closure or thickness tolerances, straightness and flatness tolerances, radii tolerances, flash-extension tolerances, and surface tolerances. It also contains a convenient...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Die castings is the process most often used for shaping zinc alloys. This article tabulates the compositions of zinc casting alloys and comparison of typical mechanical properties of zinc casting alloys. It discusses additions of alloys to the zinc, including aluminum, magnesium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Forging machines use a wide variety of hammers, presses, and dies to produce products with the desired shape, size, and geometry. This article discusses the major types of hammers (gravity-drop, power-drop, high speed, and open-die forging), and presses (mechanical, hydraulic, screw...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... fully automated conditions such that the forging processes are optimized and repeatable. The flash generated in most closed-die aluminum forging processes is removed by hot or cold trimming or sawing, punching, or machining, depending on the size, shape, and volume of the part being produced. Hot...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... coining operations; it can also be used for drawing or forming operations. Toggle mechanisms are the most widely used means of providing the second action in double-action mechanical presses. The toggles operate an outer slide, which clamps the blank against the die, while the punch, operated by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... widespread condition. Examples of a localized effect are rolling the corner of a punch or the initial yielding in a stress concentration prior to a fatigue failure. In these cases, the overall die dimensions do not change. Large-scale yielding occurs when a bolster plate is dished or the entire inside...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... forging process was short enough. However, it was also concluded that the water in aqueous graphite evaporated very early, especially when the die was very hot. They pointed out that aqueous graphite lubricant is sensitive to the surface conditions in hot forging, such as die temperature, punch speed, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...), depending on the die alloy, and pressed for a few seconds. (7) Can is broken up and the part is separated from the ceramic powder. RCC has been used to manufacture H13 punches for backward extrusion of automotive pistons. The RCC process starts with a wax pattern like the investment casting, except in...