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pultrusion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract Pultrusion is a cost-effective automated process for manufacturing continuous, constant cross-section composite profiles. This article describes the process characteristics and advantages of pultrusion. It provides information on the applications of pultrusion and discusses...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...Abstract Abstract Pultrusion is an automated process for manufacturing composite materials into continuous, constant cross-sectional profiles. The article provides an overview of the pultrusion process and the wide range of materials that can be used to provide a broad spectrum of composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the chemistry of phenolic resins and reviews their characteristics and properties for various composites fabrication processes. The fabrication processes include solution/hot-melt process, pultrusion, vacuum infusion, filament winding, sheet molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., autoclave molding, diaphragm forming, compression molding, roll forming, bladder molding, liquid molding, filament winding, and pultrusion. thermoplastic composites composite consolidation autoclave molding diaphragm forming compression molding roll forming bladder molding liquid molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... including contact molding, compression-type molding, resin-injection molding, and pultrusion are described. The article also discusses the various factors to be considered in designing for composite manufacturing. ceramic matrix composites composite manufacture compression-type molding contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... 3.0 30 y y y y n y n n y y Filament winding n/a n/a n/a n/a … … n/a y n y y y n n (a) y Pultrusion n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a y n n/a n y n n y y Note: y, yes; n, no; n/a, not applicable. (a) One side of filament-wound article will exhibit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... high strength composite product forms ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Emphasis on weight minimization as a means of enhancing aircraft performance and reducing life cycle cost has pushed the use of composites in lieu of heavier, but in general, lower manufacturing cost, metals. Automated processes such as pultrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... is prefabricated and cured (using wet lay-up, pultrusion, or autoclave cure) and then bonded onto the concrete substrate using an adhesive under pressure Very quick application Wet lay-up Resin is applied to the concrete substrate and layers of fabric are then impregnated in place using rollers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...) Squeeze flow manufacturing methods (advanced thermoplastic composites manufacturing methods): compaction roller deforms both thermoplastic resin and preimpregnated fiber network. Examples are thermoplastic sheet forming, thermoplastic pultrusion, and tape laying. (c) Porous media manufacturing methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... performance can justify the relatively high costs. A second group of forming processes is that which makes use of dry reinforcements in a semicontinuous or continuous fashion such as filament winding, braiding, or pultrusion. The third group includes the closed-mold processes as discussed in the articles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and molded into parts. Many fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) automotive body panels are made by this process. Filament winding and pultrusion are processes that use single-end rovings in continuous form. Applications include pipes, tanks, leaf springs, and many other structural composites...
Book Chapter

By Paul J. Walsh
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., racquetball, and squash are made from prepregged carbon fiber that is sheeted, wrapped around a bladder, and cured. Carbon composite arrows are fabricated by either of two processes: pultrusion or roll wrapping. Skis and bicycle components tend to use fabrics made from carbon fiber. Commercial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... Bicycle Wheels The SPIN bicycle wheel from Innovations in Composites is made with a long carbon-fiber-reinforced nylon blend. The long fiber compounds are prepared in a pultrusion process that permits a high level of fiber impregnation. The three-spoke 1 kg (2.2 lb) SPIN wheel is a one-piece hollow...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... internally. Good dimensional tolerances can be achieved. Resin Transfer Molding Resin transfer molding may be used with room-temperature cure resins or may be cured at elevated temperatures. Pultrusion Pultrusion uses a heated die to create shapes with constant cross sections. The geometry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... list of current reinforcements, matrix materials, and coupling agents. Most frequently used reinforcements include: Uniaxial continuous fiber for end-tape filament winding, braiding, or pultrusion Fabric (warp and fill continuous fiber) for tape wrapping and lay-up fabrication processes...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... methods: Wet lay-up, prepreg lay-up, fiber placement, tape lay-up, pultrusion, resin transfer molding (RTM), vacuum- assisted resin transfer molding, filament winding, compression molding, injection molding, centrifugal casting Processing equipment: Vacuum bagging, molds, ovens, autoclaves, presses...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... automated filament winding or tape laying. Processes such as pultrusion and braiding can also use prepreg forms instead of in-line resin impregnation. While the latter may be lower in initial cost, it may be prohibitive for some resin systems (such as thermoplastics), and parameters such as fiber/resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... winding, injection molding, and pultrusion, can be used to manufacture CMCs by the PIP method. Later, with the availability of carbon-coated CG Nicalon fiber and then commercial sources of BN coatings on Nicalon and higher-temperature fibers, a number of PIP-based CMCs were promoted (Ref 10 , 11 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... ratio Reduce screw speed Special Extrusion Processes Pultrusion, a composite process that has many similarities to extrusion, is selected only when constant sections are required. Pultrusion begins with strands of reinforcement, usually glass or carbon fibers, that have been wetted...