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pultrusion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Pultrusion is a cost-effective automated process for manufacturing continuous, constant cross-section composite profiles. This article describes process characteristics and advantages of pultrusion. It provides information on the applications of pultrusion and discusses processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., autoclave molding, diaphragm forming, compression molding, roll forming, bladder molding, liquid molding, filament winding, and pultrusion. thermoplastic composites composite consolidation autoclave molding diaphragm forming compression molding roll forming bladder molding liquid molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article describes the chemistry of phenolic resins and reviews their characteristics and properties for various composites fabrication processes. The fabrication processes include solution/hot-melt process, pultrusion, vacuum infusion, filament winding, sheet molding, and hand lay...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... molding, compression-type molding, resin-injection molding, and pultrusion that are considered in designing for composite manufacturing. ceramic matrix composites composite manufacture compression-type molding contact molding metal matrix composites polymeric composites pultrusion resin...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Pultrusion is an automated process for manufacturing composite materials into continuous, constant cross-sectional profiles. The article provides an overview of the pultrusion process and the wide range of materials that can be used to provide a broad spectrum of composite properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... as pultrusion, fiber placement, filament winding, and contoured tape laying have systematically reduced the cost of fabricating parts using traditional thermoset (TS)—materials that undergo chemical reaction during cure—resin systems. There remain, however, pocket applications that require better...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... manufacturing methods (advanced thermoplastic composites manufacturing methods): compaction roller deforms both thermoplastic resin and preimpregnated fiber network. Examples are thermoplastic sheet forming, thermoplastic pultrusion, and tape laying. (c) Porous media manufacturing methods (advanced thermoset...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Reinforced foam 1 0.15 30 3370 3.0 30 y y y y n y n n y y Filament winding n/a n/a n/a n/a … … n/a y n y y y n n (a) y Pultrusion n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a y n n/a n y n n y y Note: y, yes; n, no; n/a, not applicable. (a) One side of filament...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... (using wet lay-up, pultrusion, or autoclave cure) and then bonded onto the concrete substrate using an adhesive under pressure Very quick application Wet lay-up Resin is applied to the concrete substrate and layers of fabric are then impregnated in place using rollers and/or squeegees. The composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... fashion such as filament winding, braiding, or pultrusion. The third group includes the closed-mold processes as discussed in the articles “Resin Transfer Molding and Structural Reaction Injection Molding,” , “Vacuum Infusion,” and “Compression Molding” in this Volume. Selected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... one super- strong and extremely smooth arrow. The arrow resists bending and shattering better than aluminum arrows. Composites are being pultruded into arrow shafts. Each Carbon Tech arrow shaft starts as 348,000 separate carbon fibers. Through a pultrusion process, they are bonded together with a...
Book Chapter

By Paul J. Walsh
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., racquetball, and squash are made from prepregged carbon fiber that is sheeted, wrapped around a bladder, and cured. Carbon composite arrows are fabricated by either of two processes: pultrusion or roll wrapping. Skis and bicycle components tend to use fabrics made from carbon fiber. Large volumes of milled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and compacted into a sheet, which thickens with time. This sheet is then placed in a press and molded into parts. Many fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) automotive body panels are made by this process. Filament winding and pultrusion are processes that use single-end rovings in continuous form...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... matrix systems are shown in Fig. 1 . Table 1 identifies a short list of current reinforcements, matrix materials, and coupling agents. Most frequently used reinforcements include: Uniaxial continuous fiber for end-tape filament winding, braiding, or pultrusion Fabric (warp and fill continuous...
Book Chapter

By Greg Kress
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... lay-up, fiber placement, tape lay-up, pultrusion, resin transfer molding (RTM), vacuum- assisted resin transfer molding, filament winding, compression molding, injection molding, centrifugal casting Processing equipment: Vacuum bagging, molds, ovens, autoclaves, presses, mandrels, bladders...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... alloys, 6000 series 69 10.0 69 10.0 Thorium 69 10.0 … … Tin and its alloys 53 7.7 41 6.0 Cordierite 48 7 … … Magnesium alloys; wrought 45 6.5 41 6.0 Magnesium alloys; cast 45 6.5 45 6.5 Polyesters, thermoset, pultrusions, general purpose 41 6.0 16 2.3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... large and complex parts with ceramic composites. In addition to the autoclave molding or compression molding methods discussed subsequently, other techniques, such as filament winding, injection molding, and pultrusion, can be used to manufacture CMCs by the PIP method. References 1...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... reinforcing fibers. Fig. 4 Definitions of test axes for various composite types. (a) Unidirectional continuous fiber-resin composites (filament wind, tape laydown, pultrusion). (b) Fabric-resin composites (tape wrap, layup). (c) Chopped fiber or fabric-resin molding compounds. (d) Shape components...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... automated filament winding or tape laying. Processes such as pultrusion and braiding can also use prepreg forms instead of in-line resin impregnation. While the latter may be lower in initial cost, it may be prohibitive for some resin systems (such as thermoplastics), and parameters such as fiber/resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...) Unidirectional continuous fiber-resin composites (filament wind, tape lay-down, pultrusion). (b) Fabric-resin composites (tape wrap, lay-up). (c) Chopped fiber or fabric-resin molding compounds. (d) Shape components Some data references for resin-fiber composites may not give fiber percentage by volume or...