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pulsed-laser deposition equipment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article presents a general description of pulsed-laser deposition. It describes the components of pulsed-laser deposition equipment. The article also discusses the effects of angular distribution of materials. Finally, the article reviews the characteristics of high-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrons from a heated filament, used to heat conductive substrates or fixtures Laser radiation, used to provide local heating during the deposition process Substrates can be cooled by being in contact with a cooled substrate fixture. Circulating chilled water or oil, a cooled water/ethylene...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... mechanical properties of ferrous and nonferrous alloys. The techniques are physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, sputtering, ion plating, electroplating, electroless plating, and displacement plating. The article describes five categories of laser surface modification, namely, laser surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... perform a choice. The main drawbacks and limitations of PVD compared to CVD are: PVD processes require high-vacuum equipment and often expensive power supplies. Controlling film stoichiometry is often difficult (except with laser ablation). Obtaining uniform coatings on complex-shaped substrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... well as sprayed and sol-gel coatings and laser and electron-beam treatments. anodizing buffing chemical conversion coatings chemical vapor deposition cleaning diffusion treatment electron beam treatment finishing grease removal ion implantation laser treatment oxidation resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel chromate conversion coatings chromium plating cleaning conversion coatings electrochemical finishing electrogalvanizing electroless nickel plating electroplating finishing hardfacing heat treatment high-strength low-alloy steel hot dip coatings ion implantation laser surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrochemical machining (ECM), electrodischarge machining (EDM), and laser beam machining. These processes belong to nonabrasive finishing methods where surface generation occurs with an insignificant amount of mechanical interaction between the processing tool and the workpiece surfaces. This article provides...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses the fundamentals and applications of localized heat treating methods: induction hardening and tempering, laser surface transformation hardening, and electron-beam heat treatment. The article provides information about equipment and describes the selection of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... welding, catalyzing chemical reactions, laser pumping, polymer stabilization, and coating processes such as physical and chemical vapor deposition. The plasma used for case carburizing is the glow discharge ( Ref 8 , Ref 9 , 10 ). This glow-discharge plasma contains a very high density of electrons (1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... furnace also should be grounded for proper control. Certain special heat treating processes using such systems as lasers, electron beam heating, plasma carburizing, and ion nitriding have their own unique safety and control requirements, as discussed in separate articles in this Volume. The focus of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... applications, lighting, information display, electronic processing and electronic devices, optical and ophthalmic products, and communications equipment. architectural glass biomedical glass dental glass glass fibers lamp glass optical glass specialty glasses traditional glasses GLASS in its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... In some instances, failures may occur despite the application of conventional surface treatments that often have a limited depth of effectiveness. With the advent of enhanced surface treatments such as ultrasonic impact treatment and laser shock peening, compressive residual-stress layers can be...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... important application for lasers, is not covered in this process summary chart. High velocity electrons focus on workpiece and vaporize material. Equipment Power supply, excitation source (the “pump”), lasing material, focusing lens, work handling fixtures, CNC control Electron beam cutter with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... delaminations Slow for large-area coverage Good; portable equipment; suitable for field use Low Laser ultrasonic Delaminations, interface cracks, inclusions, fiber alignment Good Good Fairly good Fair Very high Shearography Only delaminations, inclusions Good provided satisfactory excitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...) … … … … … … X … … X X X Circumferential crack … … … X … … X X X X X X Longitudinal crack … … … X … … X X … X X X VT = visual testing; LC = laser or camera inspection; LP = liquid penetrant; EC = eddy current; PEC = pulsed eddy current; MP = magnetic particle; FL = flux...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... microscopic features for elemental compositions. In this analysis mode, the laser is focused on one spot, and a single pulse or brief burst of pulses is applied. Laser spot sizes as small as 5 μm are possible, providing good spatial resolution. Examples of the materials analyzed by laser ablation ICP-MS range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... support and membrane potential to probe redox properties at the subcellular level The designing of a large-scale homogeneous nanocup-electrode array was put together through sequential laser interference lithography. It has led to the detection of electrochemically active biomolecules and monitoring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... that of other complementary reference techniques, such as secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) ( Ref 85 ). Figure 5 shows the qualitative depth profiles of CdTe photovoltaic cells obtained by using pulsed-RF GD-TOFMS, TOF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.../interdigital transducer Point/line Good efficiency. The transducer can be deposited on the surface of the sample directly, removing couplant issues. New transducer must be fabricated for each application. Relatively narrow band 11 , 12 Laser generation and detection Point/line, depending on...