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pulsed-laser deposition

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article presents a general description of pulsed-laser deposition. It describes the components of pulsed-laser deposition equipment. The article also discusses the effects of angular distribution of materials. Finally, the article reviews the characteristics of high-temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... electrons from a heated filament, used to heat conductive substrates or fixtures Laser radiation, used to provide local heating during the deposition process Substrates can be cooled by being in contact with a cooled substrate fixture. Circulating chilled water or oil, a cooled water/ethylene...
Book Chapter

By S.L. Rohde
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... coatings on architectural glass panels ( Ref 83 ) Multilayer dielectric coatings of laser mirrors and filters Chromium-base replacements for electrodeposited hard chrome ( Ref 84 , 85 ) Metallization and diffusion barriers in microelectronic circuits ( Ref 73 , 74 , 75 ) Insulating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... mechanical properties of ferrous and nonferrous alloys. The techniques are physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, sputtering, ion plating, electroplating, electroless plating, and displacement plating. The article describes five categories of laser surface modification, namely, laser surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... perform a choice. The main drawbacks and limitations of PVD compared to CVD are: PVD processes require high-vacuum equipment and often expensive power supplies. Controlling film stoichiometry is often difficult (except with laser ablation). Obtaining uniform coatings on complex-shaped substrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... direct current Composition Alloy Mixture Amorphous Structure Homogeneous Multilayer Composite Dispersed Post treatments Heat treatment Diffusion Laser glazing In contrast to nickel-iron alloys, which have been investigated to replace...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... well as sprayed and sol-gel coatings and laser and electron-beam treatments. anodizing buffing chemical conversion coatings chemical vapor deposition cleaning diffusion treatment electron beam treatment finishing grease removal ion implantation laser treatment oxidation resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... steel chromate conversion coatings chromium plating cleaning conversion coatings electrochemical finishing electrogalvanizing electroless nickel plating electroplating finishing hardfacing heat treatment high-strength low-alloy steel hot dip coatings ion implantation laser surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... Raman spectroscopy is a technique used to observe vibrational, rotational, and other low-frequency modes in a system that operates in the nanoscale. This technique relies on inelastic scattering, or Raman scattering, of monochromatic light, usually from a laser in the visible, near-infrared, or near-UV...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... glassy alloy. Ion implantation, ion beam mixing, and laser pulsing, for example, can produce amorphous surface layers on bulk crystalline substrates. The latter two groups of techniques—molecular deposition and external action techniques—have the advantage of being able to produce considerably thicker...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... deposition PEM plasma emission monitor PES polyether sulfone PFPE polyperfluoroalkylether PGM platinum-group metal pH negative logarithm of hydrogen-ion activity PH precipitation hardenable PLD pulsed-laser deposition P/M powder metallurgy PMMA polymethyl...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... transduction, which is based on an electrically excited mechanical oscillator that only could give short pulses and high frequencies by damping the oscillation. By comparison, in laser-ultrasonics the range of ultrasonic frequencies could be very high because very short ultrasonic pulses can be obtained by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... taps of small diameter Operating parameters and typical values Wavelength (Lasing Material):  Ruby (0.03–0.07% Cr); 0.694 μm  Nd-Glass (Neodymium Glass, 2–6% Nd); 1.06 μm  YAG (Yttrium aluminum garnet, 1% Nd); 1.06 μm  CO 2 (CO 2 -He-N 2 gas laser)—10.6 μm Excitation Source:  Ruby—pulsed xenon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... material. If the heating laser pulse duration is short (10 to 100 ns), then the expansion will be in the frequency of ultrasound (1 to 10 MHz). The important feature is that the ultrasound will propagate perpendicular to the surface, independent of the laser angle of incidence. This allows generation of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... support and membrane potential to probe redox properties at the subcellular level The designing of a large-scale homogeneous nanocup-electrode array was put together through sequential laser interference lithography. It has led to the detection of electrochemically active biomolecules and monitoring...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... sample material is first dissolved in solvent containing small organic-matrix molecules. The mixture is dried, resulting in a thin film of analyte-doped matrix crystals. The second step relies on the matrix molecules having a strong absorption in the laser wavelength. Through short pulses of irradiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... microscopic features for elemental compositions. In this analysis mode, the laser is focused on one spot, and a single pulse or brief burst of pulses is applied. Laser spot sizes as small as 5 μm are possible, providing good spatial resolution. Examples of the materials analyzed by laser ablation ICP-MS range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... that of other complementary reference techniques, such as secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) ( Ref 85 ). Figure 5 shows the qualitative depth profiles of CdTe photovoltaic cells obtained by using pulsed-RF GD-TOFMS, TOF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... the focus here. In some cases the wafer itself is the basis for a device, such for single-crystal silicon photovoltaics, but in many other cases devices are patterned onto the outer surface of the wafer by means of lithographic patterning and a variety of growth, deposition, etching, diffusion, and...