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pulse electroplating

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the four layers of a plating system, namely, top or finish coat, undercoat, strike or flash, and base material layers. The article describes various plating methods, such as pulse electroplating, electroless plating, brush plating, and jet plating. It reviews the types of electrodeposited coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... plating can be defined simply as metal deposition by pulsed electrolysis, which involves using interrupted direct current to electroplate parts. This article discusses the advantages and limitations of pulsed-current plating and provides information on the process principles and control, solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for ≈0.5 s ≈1 ≈2 Copper pulse: 0.3 mA/cm 2 for ≈11 s None Fig. 2 Schematic of ideal deposition rate vs. applied cathodic potential characteristics for electroplating an A/B multiple-layer alloy. The dashed lines denote deposition rates for plating each individual species...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-Chromium Alloy with a Pulsed Current , Zashch. Met. , Vol 29 ( No. 1 ), 1993 , p 99 – 105 50. Matsumoto M. et al. , Manufacturing of Corrosion-Resistant Steel Laminates , Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho , No. 92/357439 , 1992 51. Kimoto M. et al. , Electroplating of Zinc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...–0.08% P) is recommended. (b) High-purity, oxygen-free, nonphosphorized copper is recommended. Specifications and standards for copper electroplating Table 5 Specifications and standards for copper electroplating Specification Uses Copper plating AMS 2418 Copper plating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... by uneven buffing. Sharply angled edges Undesirable. Reduced coating thickness at center areas requires increased plating time to obtain a minimum thickness of durable electroplate. All edges should be rounded. Edges that will contact painted surfaces should have a minimum radius of 0.8 mm (0.03...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for Electroforming,” ASTM 5. ASTM B 503, “Standard Practice for Use of Copper and Nickel Electroplating Solutions for Electroforming,” ASTM Selected References Selected References • Durney L.J. , Electroplating Engineering Handbook , 4th ed. , Van Nostrand Reinhold Company , 1984 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... but requires an absorptive coating that may need cleaning Investment Lowest on high-power applications Lowest on low-power applications (a) Pattern size is controlled by the available power of the equipment. Nominally, 15–30 W/mm 2 (10–20 kW/in. 2 ) is used. Source: Ref 3 Electroplated...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Nitride Ceramics , Machining of Advanced Materials , Special Publication 847, Jahanmir S. , Ed., National Institute of Standards and Technology , p 543 – 547 42. Morita N. , Crack-Free Processing of Hot-Pressed Silicon Nitride Ceramics Using Pulsed YAG Laser , Machining of Advanced...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... to the finish. Fig. 9 Diagram of a typical traveling wire EDM machine Fig. 2 Typical variables of the EDM pulse train. On-time and peak current determine the spark energy. Fig. 3 Profile of a single EDM pulse. a, ionization time; b, discharge time; c, deionization time; d, rest...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... penetration for CW CO 2 lasers. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Drill time with a Nd:YAG laser. Workpiece: Inconel 718; pulse energy, 40 J Fig. 5 Schematic for laser plating enhancements in the region of optical absorption on the cathode. Source: Ref 2 Abstract Abstract Laser beam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... mc microcracked (chromium electroplate) MCM multichip module MEP mean effective pressure MeV megaelectronvolt M f temperature at which martensite formation finishes during cooling MFP mean free path mg milligram Mg megagram (metric tonne...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... , Reinhold , 1967 61. Brennan N.B. , Pilkington T. , Samin N.M. , and Matthews A. , A Pellet Feeder for Pulsed Evaporation , Vacuum , Vol 34 , 1984 , p 805 10.1016/0042-207X(84)90333-6 62. Taylor K.A. and Ferrari E.G. , Design of Metallization Equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Comments, references Wear Steels, WC, Ti, Co/Cr alloys, TiN coatings, electroplated Cr N, C 10–20 at.% ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Ti, Co/Cr alloys largest use commercially in orthopedic devices ( Ref 5 , 9 , 17 ) Friction Steels Ti plus C implants ≥10 17 ions/cm 2 Dual implants give amorphous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of the ASM Handbook, ASM International, 1994 • Hirvonen J.K. and Sartwell B.D. , Ion Implantation , p 605 – 610 • Horwitz J.S. , Pulsed-Laser Deposition , p 621 – 626 • Mattox D.M. , Growth and Growth-Related Properties of Films Formed by Physical Vapor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005977
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... Stratospheric Electroplating Ni, Cu, Cr (e.g., hexavalent Cr salts) Heavy metals, water management Plasma nitriding Nil … Physical vapor deposition Nil … Vacuum treatments (coating, spraying, etc.) Nil … Acid pickling H 2 SO 4 , HNO 3 Water quality, acid rain Quench hardening Oil...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... when a tip traverses a sample composed of different materials and sharp changes in topography. T = trace and R = retrace of friction force. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 39 Laser-textured (using pulsed UV laser) TiCN coating topography obtained using a surface scanning profilometer. Scaling factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... ( Ref 6 ). Dissolution at or above the limiting current therefore yields smooth surfaces (0.12 to 0.2 μm R a ). Pulsed dissolution is considered most suitable for electrochemical micromachining of thin films and foils when low dissolution rates are desirable for better control over the machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Electroplating , 3rd ed. , John Wiley , 1974 33. Dini J.W. , Electrodeposition: The Materials Science of Coatings and Substrate , Noyes , 1993 34. Hocking M.G. , Vasatasree V. , and Sidky P.S. , Metallic and Ceramic Coatings: Production, High Temperature Properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Baeslack W.A. III , Microstructural Transitions in a Welded Powder Metallurgy Al-8Fe-1.7Ni Alloy , Metallography , Vol 18 , 1985 , p 73 – 82 22. Krishnaswamy S. and Baeslack W.A. III , Metallography of a Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser Weld in a RS/PM Al-8Fe-2Mo Sheet , Mater. Charact...