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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the methods of pulp production, pulp processing, pulp bleaching, and paper manufacturing. It describes various types of digesters, their construction materials, the corrosion problems encountered, and methods to protect these digesters from corrosion...
Image
Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 50 High-chromium (ASTM III-A) abrasion-resistant refiner plates for the pulp and paper industry. The holes are approximately 35 mm (1.4 in.) in diameter, and the castings weigh approximately 10 kg (22 lb) each. Courtesy of Andritz, Inc. More
Image
Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 5 Aramid pulp More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...Abstract Abstract Maintenance coating is an important part of any meaningful asset-preservation strategy in facilities producing pulp and paper and other chemicals. This article discusses maintenance coating for carbon steel structures and process equipment exposed to normal external pulp...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005743
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... tanks, suction roll, center press rolls, yankee dryer rolls, calendar rolls, doctor/scalping blades, and cutting equipment. paper machine components paper manufacturing plasma spraying pulping thermal spray coating tungsten carbide PAPER IS AN INTEGRAL PART of our daily lives...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... processing components, pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants. The article provides a brief introduction on corrosion resistance of wrought stainless steel and its designations. It lists the chemical composition and describes the physical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of construction to practical applications. The industries addressed are nuclear power, fossil and alternative fuel, land transportation, air transportation, microelectronics, chemical processing, pulp and paper, food and beverage, pharmaceutical and medical technology, petroleum and petrochemical, building...
Book Chapter

By Karl K. Chang
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... filament yarns, rovings, woven fabrics, discontinuous staple and spun yarns, fabrics, and pulp. Key representative properties of para-aramid fibers are listed in a table. The article reviews the properties of aramid fibers, including tensile modulus, tensile strength, creep and fatigue, compressive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...) www.electrochem.org/ The Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining www.iom3.org/index.htm TMS (The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society) www.tms.org/ TAPPI (Trade Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry) www.tappi.org/ Corrosion Standards, Specifications, Recommended Practices, and Related...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... indicates that automobile industry corrosion costs escalated. The pulp and paper industry has a similar degree of escalation ( Table 4 ). Table 5 indicates estimated savings as well as the cost of corrosion in individual industries. Cost of corrosion in the automobile industry for the USA economy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of anodic protection to control the corrosion of chemical plant equipment ( Ref 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ). Simultaneous investigations at the Pulp and Paper Institute of Canada led to installation of anodic protection to protect pulp and paper digesters ( Ref 7 , 8 , 9 ). Commercialization of anodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... form for a wide range of applications and in many environments. Stainless steels are used extensively in the power generation, pulp and paper, and chemical processing industries, but are also chosen for use in many everyday household and commercial products. The widespread use of stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... resistant to many environments and therefore have found application in oil production, refinery, chemical process, and pulp and paper industries. In 1998, it was estimated that 65% of titanium mill products were used for aerospace and 35% for nonaerospace applications. The total annual consumption price...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... by using type 304 stainless steel. Concentrated HNO 3 can attack FRP-type materials. Lime Kiln and Similar Kiln Operations Lime kilns are found in several applications, including the pulp and paper industry. Lime and other kilns produce hot gas that contains dust, most often requiring a pollution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... G. , Blistering in Process Equipment of Glass-Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP)—Damage Mechanisms and Influencing Factors Concluded from an Instructive Case, Proc. Eighth Int. Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry , Swedish Corrosion Institute , Stockholm, Sweden , May 1995...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-diameter thick-wall bimetallic and specialty steel tubes used in the chemical processing, pulp and paper, steel, automotive, and offshore petroleum production industries. Equipment A centrifugal casting machine must be able to perform six operations accurately and with repeatability...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... crushing operations. Wet classifiers used in conjunction with grinding can be subdivided into mechanical and hydraulic classifiers. A spiral (mechanical) classifier, to which pulp from a grinding mill is fed, forces the larger and heavier particles to settle to the bottom of the pool which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... manufacture X X X X X Marine manufacture and repair X X X X Medical X X X X X Mining, construction, and dredging X X X X X Nuclear X X X X Oil and gas exploration X X X X X X Printing equipment X X X Pulp and paper X X X X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... gas reheaters, ducting) ( Ref 16 , 26 ) Metals processing mills: ovens, afterburners, exhaust fans Coal gasification and liquefaction systems: heat exchangers, reheaters, piping Pulp and paper mills: tubing, doctor blades, bleaching circuit equipment, scrubbers ( Ref 27...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... for making paper, cardboard, or particle board took place in a paper mill using an alloy with a nominal composition of Fe-0.48C-0.30Mn-0.90Si-8.50Cr-1.35Mo-1.20W-0.30V. This alloy performed well in pulp mill applications where the knives are typically 20 to 30 in. (51 to 76 cm) long, from about 5 to 7...