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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the methods of pulp production, pulp processing, pulp bleaching, and paper manufacturing. It describes various types of digesters, their construction materials, the corrosion problems encountered, and methods to protect these digesters from corrosion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for wide range of applications. These applications include nuclear reactor vessels, heat exchangers, oil industry tubular, chemical processing components, pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants. The article provides a brief introduction on corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005743
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... tanks, suction roll, center press rolls, yankee dryer rolls, calendar rolls, doctor/scalping blades, and cutting equipment. paper machine components paper manufacturing plasma spraying pulping thermal spray coating tungsten carbide PAPER IS AN INTEGRAL PART of our daily lives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings in Table 1 can be found in the section “Coating Systems and Materials” within the text. Fig. 5 Process stages in conversion of wood to finished paper products Fig. 6 Chip-handling area in a pulp mill Fig. 7 Bleach plant area in a kraft pulp mill Fig. 9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of construction to practical applications. The industries addressed are nuclear power, fossil and alternative fuel, land transportation, air transportation, microelectronics, chemical processing, pulp and paper, food and beverage, pharmaceutical and medical technology, petroleum and petrochemical, building...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... … … … Subtotal 365.32 Loss of efficiency 1.5–2.0 6.39 Production and manufacturing Oil and gas exploration and production 76.64 … … … Mining 27.86 … … … Petroleum refining 32.22 … … … Chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical 111.04 … … … Pulp and paper 148.05...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Production and manufacturing Oil and gas exploration and production Mining Petroleum refining Chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical Pulp and paper Agricultural Food processing Electronics Home appliances Government Defense Nuclear waste storage Summary of annual costs for corrosion control...
Book Chapter

By Karl K. Chang
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... efficient reinforcement. In general, pulp is more easily mixed into resin formulations than is staple fiber and is now used extensively in replacing asbestos in gaskets, friction products, sealants, caulks, and coatings ( Ref 11 , 12 ). Because aramid yarns and rovings are relatively flexible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in preserving product quality through reduction of metal pickup by the solution, in extending the useful life of the vessels, and allowing the use of lower-cost alloys. Examples of these applications are given as follows. Storage Vessels Heat Exchangers Transportation Vessels Pulp and Paper Mills...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... thermoplastics are also used. Nitrates and urea products are typically handled by using type 304 stainless steel. Concentrated HNO 3 can attack FRP-type materials. Lime kilns are found in several applications, including the pulp and paper industry. Lime and other kilns produce hot gas that contains dust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...)—Damage Mechanisms and Influencing Factors Concluded from an Instructive Case, Proc. Eighth Int. Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry , Swedish Corrosion Institute , Stockholm, Sweden , May 1995 23. Bergman G. and Petersson K. , “Investigation of Blistering...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Fig. 3 Typical flow sheet for the production of copper from copper sulfide ore Fig. 4 Flow diagram for ironmaking and steelmaking through open-hearth and oxygen-steelmaking routes. BOF, basic oxygen furnace Fig. 5 Production of zinc from zinc sulfide concentrate Fig...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
.... Cylindrical pieces produced by horizontal centrifugal casting are now used in many industries. Of particular importance are large-diameter thick-wall bimetallic and specialty steel tubes used in the chemical processing, pulp and paper, steel, automotive, and offshore petroleum production industries. Molds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... ( Ref 4 ). The gas is decomposed by heat to yield pure nickel. This is acknowledged as the best method of refining nickel that is available. The powder or pellet produced is of a very high purity, the process is energy efficient, and there are no polluting waste by-products. Alloy and Market...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of the resin permits higher concentrations of residual unpolymerized monomer in close proximity to the pulp ( Ref 92 ). TEGDMA, the diluent that is added to Bis-GMA to decrease viscosity, and its degradation product, triethylene glycol, have been reported to stimulate the growth rate of cariogenic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... X X X X Oil and gas exploration X X X X X X Printing equipment X X X Pulp and paper X X X X Railroad X X X X Rock products X X X X X Rubber and plastics manufacture X X X X X Screening X X X Ship and boat manufacture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... 30 wt% Cr or less than 50 wt% Fe. Selection of Stainless Steels STAINLESS STEELS are an important class of engineering alloys used in both wrought and cast form for a wide range of applications and in many environments. Stainless steels are used extensively in the power generation, pulp...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... … 1 Wear, abrasion/erosion 3 7 SCC, stress-corrosion cracking; HE, hydrogen embrittlement. Source: Ref 4 Results of chipper knife field trials Table 3 Results of chipper knife field trials See Example 3 in text. Knifematerial Average results per run Production per...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... quantities of metal. These include: Applications where titanium is used for its resistance to corrosion, such as chemical processing, the pulp and paper industry, marine applications, and energy production and storage Biomedical applications that take advantage of the metal's inertness in the human...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Hardness Velocity Angle of Attack Solids Concentration Abrasive Particle Characteristics Slurry Characteristics Hydrodynamics Corrosion Products and the Mass Transfer of Oxygen Impact severity has a strong effect on the grinding media wear rate for dynamic loading conditions ( Ref...