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pulp and paper plants

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... is essential for successful maintenance and operation of these plants as the operating conditions evolve and the infrastructure continues to age. The pulp and paper processes require a myriad of materials and fabrication methods to provide service in a mixture of organic and inorganic environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to practical applications. The industries addressed are nuclear power, fossil and alternative fuel, land transportation, air transportation, microelectronics, chemical processing, pulp and paper, food and beverage, pharmaceutical and medical technology, petroleum and petrochemical, building, and mining...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... components, pulp and paper industries, furnace parts, and boilers used in fossil fuel electric power plants. The article provides a brief introduction on corrosion resistance of wrought stainless steel and its designations. It lists the chemical composition and describes the physical and mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... atmospheric conditions. The important requirements and standards for surface preparation are emphasized and common issues encountered in maintenance coating projects are described. bleach plant equipment coating pulp and paper pulping quality control steel surface preparation MAINTENANCE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... by using type 304 stainless steel. Concentrated HNO 3 can attack FRP-type materials. Lime Kiln and Similar Kiln Operations Lime kilns are found in several applications, including the pulp and paper industry. Lime and other kilns produce hot gas that contains dust, most often requiring a pollution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... protection to control the corrosion of chemical plant equipment ( Ref 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ). Simultaneous investigations at the Pulp and Paper Institute of Canada led to installation of anodic protection to protect pulp and paper digesters ( Ref 7 , 8 , 9 ). Commercialization of anodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... G. , Blistering in Process Equipment of Glass-Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP)—Damage Mechanisms and Influencing Factors Concluded from an Instructive Case, Proc. Eighth Int. Symposium on Corrosion in the Pulp and Paper Industry , Swedish Corrosion Institute , Stockholm, Sweden , May 1995...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... with fossil-fueled plants. The pulp and paper industry uses corrosive media to make pulp from wood. Changes in process conditions over the last decades have had a significant impact on the materials used for construction. Paper quality and process reliability are driving spending in this sector...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... indicates that automobile industry corrosion costs escalated. The pulp and paper industry has a similar degree of escalation ( Table 4 ). Table 5 indicates estimated savings as well as the cost of corrosion in individual industries. Cost of corrosion in the automobile industry for the USA economy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... by formation of a stable, slow-growing, dense oxide layer. Hot Corrosion Hot corrosion is a serious problem in power generation equipment, gas turbines, internal combustion engines, fluidized bed combustion, industrial waste incinerators, and paper and pulp industries. Hot corrosion is the accelerated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... quantities of metal. These include: Applications where titanium is used for its resistance to corrosion, such as chemical processing, the pulp and paper industry, marine applications, and energy production and storage Biomedical applications that take advantage of the metal's inertness in the human...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... interactions between minerals and grinding media can occur, causing galvanic coupling that leads to increased corrosive wear. Corrosion and wear are also important in nonmining industries, such as the pulp and paper industry, where physical processing steps such as the grinding of wood chips are increasingly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... been exceeded. Coupon Design Coupon design can be selected to test for specific forms of corrosion. Coupons can be designed to detect such phenomena as crevice corrosion, pitting, and dealloying corrosion. For example, some pulp mill bleach plant washer drums are protected electrochemically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... attack on some specimens in a test assembly may influence crevice tightness on others in the same assembly. One area in which test rack exposures have been extensively used is the pulp and paper industry. For example, Ref 5 discusses results from bleach plant exposure in which crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... they are strongly alkaline. The same is true of all chlorides, bromides, and iodides. Fluorides, however, will attack tantalum. A detailed corrosion study was conducted in a chlorine dioxide (ClO 2 ) plant for pulp bleaching in an effort to secure useful information on the performance of various metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., aggressive corrosive media, and complicated substrate geometry exist, such as floors, trenches, sumps, reaction vessels, tanks, scrubbers, ducts, chimneys, and other air pollution control equipment. They are used in various industries, including power, steel- and metalworking, chemical, pulp and paper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... gas reheaters, ducting) ( Ref 16 , 26 ) Metals processing mills: ovens, afterburners, exhaust fans Coal gasification and liquefaction systems: heat exchangers, reheaters, piping Pulp and paper mills: tubing, doctor blades, bleaching circuit equipment, scrubbers ( Ref 27...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... reprocessing or urea production. For these applications, a low corrosion rate in the Huey test (ASTM A 262, practice C) is specified ( Ref 7 ). Pitting Corrosion Under moderately oxidizing conditions, such as a pulp and paper bleach plant, weld metal austenite may suffer preferential pitting in alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... for making paper, cardboard, or particle board took place in a paper mill using an alloy with a nominal composition of Fe-0.48C-0.30Mn-0.90Si-8.50Cr-1.35Mo-1.20W-0.30V. This alloy performed well in pulp mill applications where the knives are typically 20 to 30 in. (51 to 76 cm) long, from about 5 to 7...