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pull-off strength

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of composite delamination, namely, opening, in-plane shearing, and tearing or scissoring shearing modes. It discusses the characterization and analysis of delamination. The article also reviews the prediction of delamination factors, such as flexbeam fatigue life, and skin/stiffener pull-off strength and life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... International standard test methods for coating adhesion Test method reference Title ASTM D3359 “Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test” ASTM D6677 “Standard Test Method for Evaluating Adhesion by Knife” ASTM D4541 “Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... It , 2nd ed. , 2003 45. “Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Adhesion Strength of Coatings on Concrete Using Portable Pull-Off Adhesion Testers,” D7234, ASTM International 46. Gelfant F. , Testing Adhesion of Coatings to Concrete Using ASTM D7234 , SSPC: The Society for Protective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... be removed by cutting the coating with a sharp knife and scraping the surface with a chisel. Fig. 11 Both the coating and the corrosion products should be sampled when the corrosion is severe. Fig. 3 Mechanical pull-off adhesion tester Fig. 4 ASTM D3359 is a fast and easy method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... EA 03-250BF-350 or equivalent, located as shown. (6) Testing shall be in accordance with ASTM D 3039 ( Ref 2 ). (7) Location of ply drop-off Fig. 32 Blade-stiffened subcomponent Fig. 30 “T” pull-off specimen for assessing the strength of skin-to-stiffener bonded joints Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... axial tensile strength and stiffness, and structural profiles, which use a combination of uniaxial fibers and multidirectional fiber mats or fabrics to create a set of properties that meet the requirements of the application in the transverse (90°), off-axis (plus and minus angles other than 0 and 90...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... or an accredited laboratory. Rather, the user can verify accuracy and adjust/optimize the gage if necessary. SSPC-PA 2 and ASTM D7091 describe two types of nondestructive coating thickness gages as Type 1 (magnetic pull-off) and Type 2 (electronic). See Fig. 19 , 20 . Traceable coated thickness standards...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... with slow-cure materials or for purging die buildups is reflected in the fact that commercial reciprocating clamp machines now have intermittent-pull sequences. Methods of clamping can be hydraulic, pneumatic, or a mechanical wedge action. Continuous-belt pullers have evolved from extrusion take-off...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... as it is pulled through three (or four) radii ( R ). D , depth; W , width Fig. 9 Force acting to restrain the sliding motion generated by friction and bending as sheet metal slides across a die face. The magnitude of that force is strongly affected by the radius and wrap angle. Fig. 14 Plan...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... It is possible to make a simple association between the work of adhesion (or at least that part of it due to surface forces, W SF ) and the pull-off force, F p , that is, the minimum tensile force required to completely separate the bodies: (Eq 9) F p = 2 π R W SF This relationship...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of fasteners Good installed appearance Scrap from pull mandrel or twist-off feature Environmentally friendly—clean, low-energy process with no fumes, emissions, or sparks Some fasteners require special assembly tools Easily adapted for automation and process monitoring Fig. 19 Cross...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... other, as shown in Fig. 1(a) and (b) . In operation, a coil of wire is supported in a pay-off reel; the wire is pulled through the rolls by a capstan and then recoiled. A drawbench can be used for pulling short lengths (up to 30 m, or 100 ft) through the rolls, while a capstan or drawing block...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... With metals in contact with ceramics, oxygen and nitrogen as surface contaminant films generally decrease interfacial bond strengths and accordingly friction, while some defined exposure of these materials to oxygen increases both adhesion and friction. Pull-off forces (adhesion) and coefficients...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion Testers.” Sample procurement should be performed by taking coating samples from representative areas of the structure for laboratory evaluation of toxic metals and generic coating type. The number of sample locations will be dependent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... the achievement of sufficient decontamination, adequate surface profile, and degree of cleanliness on the substrate. Good adhesion can be checked by taking the appropriate adhesion test asurements. For steel substrates, ASTM D4541, “Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength of Coatings Using Portable Adhesion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... cooling. A chill-roll, or cast-film, operation is depicted in Fig. 16 . The polymer melt is extruded as a web from the die and made dimensionally stable by contacting several chill rolls before being pulled by the carrier rolls and wound up. The highly polished chrome-plated surface of the first roll...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... or where the coating is scored by the bending tool at the peak of the bend can cause the coating to lift off the steel base. In both cases, the cohesive strength of the film has been weakened, and coatings with high film strength will attempt to return to the shape in which they were applied...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... and installation are completed, the pull test is simulated. This figure shows the process as the stud is breaking out of the plate. Experimental values matched the simulation results within 5%. Fig. 65 Aluminum breakaway lock. Courtesy of Hercules Industries Fig. 66 Plastic deformation (dark...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
..., and fracture continuously takes place to make the hole as the solid cylinder/tube is pulled through the rollers. The relative plug position with respect to the rollers is an import process design variable that will affect the occurrence of the rear-end defect. Figures 5(a) and (b) show the backend defect...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... off or pulling out of the reinforcing phase. High-modulus fibers are more effective in wear reduction than the high-strength fibers. Moreover, the higher the modulus of fiber or composite, the less is the wear. The higher the aspect ratio of the reinforcement, the lower is the wear. For a typical...