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protocol preparation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... spectrometry for electron probe microanalysis. Key concepts for performing qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis by electron-excited X-ray spectrometry are then presented. Several sources that lead to measurement uncertainties in the k-ratio/matrix corrections protocol are provided, along with the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... useful and relevant information to be obtained. The discussion covers the principles and approaches in failure analysis work, objectives and scopes of failure analysis, the planning stages for failure analysis, the preparation of a protocol for a failure analysis, practices used by failure analysts, and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... principles, objectives, practices, and procedures of failure analysis. The article provides guidelines on the preparation of a protocol for a failure analysis. It also demonstrates the proper approaches to failure analysis. failure analysis FAILURE ANALYSIS is a process that is performed in order...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article provides a detailed account of particle-induced x-ray emission (PIXE), covering the basic principles of PIXE analysis and calibration and quality-assurance protocols employed. A comparative study on PIXE and x-ray fluorescence is then presented. The article also discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article provides information on the factors influencing the selection of the proper corrosion-resistant coating system. It focuses on the proper execution of surface preparation and the available surface preparation methods. The preparation process includes the removal of visible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... much control is there over testing? How difficult would it be to compensate for human errors in the planning? Out of all these questions and interrogations, a test protocol should be developed to transform the corrosion test design into a set of reliable and reproducible measurements that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... specimen. Different preparation protocols are used, depending on whether SEM is required alone or in combination with x-ray analysis, particularly when the specimen is too large for the specimen chamber or is nonconductive. In some litigation cases, use of an inappropriate preparation method can be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... testing protocol. It is important that the field analyst have a working understanding of the capabilities of the various analytical instruments that may be used to analyze the coatings. The investigator should ensure that the laboratory has an understanding of the nature and scope of the coating failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... well over 50 years, and many variations of reagent preparations and protocols exist. Moreover, specialized applications, such as the forensic analysis of illicit drugs, often use a different set of reagents and protocols. (See the section “Example Applications and Innovations” in this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., excessive filtering can change the shapes of objects in an image. A detailed image-processing protocol should be followed for making metrological measurements with an AFM. Special care should be taken if the surface features being studied are on the length scale of the probe being used. As an example, a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... by following process steps, inspection protocol, which defines inspections to be performed, should be initiated and every specimen evaluated until there is confidence that the process shall make adequate specimens. Process capabilities should be periodically checked if there is any doubt that...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
..., pores, and other discontinuities, except as specified in a particular test protocol. Most commercial dilatometers accept a specimen up to approximately 25 mm (1 in.) long and 12 mm (0.5 in.) in diameter or diagonally. Sheet metal or a small-diameter rod can be measured in a dilatometer with the aid of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., Auger electron spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction. The article discusses the analysis and interpretation of base material composition and microstructures. Preparation and examination of metallographic specimens in failure analysis are also discussed. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003996
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., the process used to produce it, and customer specifications. Some forgings are not cleaned until just before final inspection. However, some forging applications and/or customers require a much more rigorous cleaning protocol that involves cleaning after every forging step, prior to heat treatment and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... to add an electrolyte to quantitatively release analytes of interest. Classical soil analysis protocols often used concentrated electrolyte solutions for this purpose, but such solutions can easily overwhelm the IC column and should generally be avoided. A better option is to use low-ionic-strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... processes involved in the selection of metallurgical samples, the preparation and examination of metallographic specimens in failure analysis, and the analysis and interpretation of microstructures. Examination and evaluation of polymers and ceramic materials in failure analysis are also briefly discussed...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... a description of the comminution process (wet and dry milling methods), it discusses batching and mixing operations and granulation methods. The article also deals with the effect of process variables and the steps involved in chemical synthesis, including preparation from solution and gas-phase...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... processes involved in sample preparation for XRF analysis are also included. The article further provides information on the practical procedure for and the applications of WDS and EDS qualitative and quantitative analyses. X-ray absorption X-ray emission X-ray spectroscopy X-Ray Radiation X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... nickel bath) or a nickel sulfamate bath. Small amounts of copper sulfate (50 to 1000 ppm Cu +2 ) are then added to the bath. Table 1 shows typical sulfate and sulfamate plating baths for making Ni/Cu multiple-layer alloys. The deposition protocols for creating multiple-layer Ni/Cu alloys from these...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... can be established. The plan should specify the size, number, and location of the sample increments, the extent of compositing, if applicable, and procedures for reducing the gross sample to a laboratory sample and to test portions. Before work begins, this should be written as a detailed protocol...