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prosthetic implants

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...-on-plate friction and wear machine is shown in Fig. 6 . Fig. 6 Six-station reciprocating pin-on-plate friction and wear machine used to evaluate prosthetic implant materials This type of testing machine is very useful for the initial screening of many potential implant materials. It has also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article commences with a description of the prosthetic devices and implants used for internal fixation. It describes the complications related to implants and provides a list of major standards for orthopedic implant materials. The article illustrates the body environment and its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Abstract The human internal environment plays a vital role in the friction and wear of implants and prosthetic devices. This article describes the tribological/wear behavior of implants. It discusses the classification of active tribological pairs, namely, amphiarthosis joints and diarthosis...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and vanes for industrial gas turbines. Cast Co-Cr-Mo alloys compete directly with titanium and cobalt forgings for medical prosthetic implant devices. Cast cobalt-base “hard alloys” (e.g., Co-WC cemented carbide) are often found in applications involving severe wear conditions. Cobalt alloys...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... a significant debit in fatigue strength. It is used for aircraft gas turbine disks and blades; is extensively used, in all mill product forms, for airframe structural components and other applications requiring strength at temperatures up to 315 °C (600 °F); and is also used for high-strength prosthetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... at which the substrate is reached are clearly denoted. Scanning electron micrograph of the wear track confirms coating failure (inset). Various biocompatible coatings have been developed in recent years for promoting fast healing between bone and a prosthetic implant material, which may be ceramic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... S. , Cannas M. , Rossi P. , and Portigliatti-Barbos M. , The Lymphocytic Transformation Test (L.T.T.) in the Evaluation of Intolerance in Prosthetic Implants , Ital. J. Orthop. Traumatol. , Vol 11 ( No. 4 ), Dec 1985 , p 475 – 481 106. Granchi D. , Ciapetti G...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , Abkowitz S.M. , Fisher H. , and Schwartz P.J. , CermeTi Discontinuosly Reinforced Ti-Matrix Composites: Manufacturing, Properties and Applications , JOM , Vol 37 , 2004 17. Dowson D. , Friction and Wear of Medical Implants and Prosthetic Devices , Friction, Lubrication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... of the components that are typically assembled to create a prosthetic hip implant. A typical total hip implant system consists of a femoral stem (with or without a porous coating), a femoral head, a polymeric (ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene, or UHMWPE) liner, and a metal acetabular shell. Figure 1(b...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of Intermetallics in Dentistry , J. Met. , Vol 42 ( No. 3 ), 1990 , p 8 – 14 Corrosion and Biocompatibility • Black J. , Biological Performance of Materials: Fundamentals of Biocompatibility , Marcel Dekker , 1981 • Fraker A.C. , Corrosion of Metallic Implant and Prosthetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., such as high-performance polymers for implants, tissue engineering, and bioresorbable polymers. bioresorbable polymers failure analysis high-performance polymers implants medical applications medical devices medical polymer selection medical polymers polymerization product life cycle tissue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... the section “Applications” in this article). Titanium's corrosion resistance is based on the formation of a stable, protective oxide layer. This passivating behavior makes the metal useful in applications ranging from chemical processing equipment to surgical implants and prosthetic devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... operates under the auspices of Congress). Thus, the term implanted medical device is not simply synonymous with a designer just establishing, say, implanted joint replacement geometry and selection of biocompatible alloys. As an example, a hemi-knee prosthetic device may be fabricated of cobalt-chrome...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... for at least 2000 years. However, the success of early artificial implants was limited until the mid- to late-19th century, when medical advances improved the potential success rate of implants. Since then, a wide variety of materials, known as biomaterials, have been developed to restore function of diseased...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... cages that become larger as the patient grows Implantable fixation devices such as bone screws, plates, rods, hooks, nails, cables, and staples Prosthetics for support of soft tissue Bone conduction hearing aids Reconstructive plate, mesh, and acrylic that supports broken bones or helps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... inert crystalline ceramics, porous ceramics, calcium phosphate ceramics, and bioactive glasses. The article discusses the compositions of ceramics and carbon-base implant materials, and examines their differences in processing and structure. It describes the chemical and microstructural basis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... are of supreme importance. This leads to the important concept of implant material/device failure. While there are several mechanisms by which metallic load-bearing implants may not achieve their intended goal, the primary engineering-related mechanisms are by wear, corrosion, fretting corrosion, CF, and SCC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... , ASM International , 2004 33. Black J. , Orthopaedic Biomaterials in Research and Clinical Practice , Churchill Livingstone , 1988 34. Fraker A.C. , Corrosion of Metallic Implants and Prosthetic Devices, Corrosion , Vol 13 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and implant alloys. The effects of composition and microstructure on the corrosion of each alloy group are also discussed. The article concludes with information on the tarnishing and corrosion behavior of these alloys. corrosion dental alloys microstructure metal alloys wrought wire alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... coatings used in contemporary implants ( Ref 29 , Ref 30 , Ref 31 ). In addition to metal alloy composites, polymers were also investigated for use as prosthetic coatings. Of the porous polymers studied, porous polysulfone, porous polyethylene, and Proplast (a Teflon/graphite fiber material composite...