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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 126 Quench water system. Propylene fractionator reboilers A and B are highlighted in yellow. The reboiler that ruptured (B) is indicated by a red outline. More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 127 Photograph and schematic of propylene fractionator reboiler More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 128 Propylene fractionator schematic representing the equipment configuration at the time of the incident. The valves (gate valves) isolating the reboilers from the pressure-relief valve at the top of the propylene fractionator were not part of the original design and were installed in 2001. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 130 Postincident photograph of propylene fractionator reboilers and surrounding area. Reboiler B vapor return piping can be seen overhead in the pipe rack (red circle). More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 125 Simplified flow diagram of the olefins process. The incident occurred when a propylene fractionator reboiler that had been offline for 16 months catastrophically ruptured (propylene fractionator highlighted in yellow). More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 20 Effect of type of suspending liquid used in vibratory polishing of low-carbon steel. Specimens were rough polished on 1 μm diamond and finish polished for 4 h on 0.1 μm Al 2 O 3 . (a) Using propylene glycol; scratches have not been removed. (b) Using a 2-to-1 mixture of propylene glycol More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... such as oxygen, compressed air, nitrogen, helium, argon, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, acetylene, kerosene, propylene, propane, and natural gas. The article also provides information on the maintenance and safety practices involved in the plumbing configurations of cylinder gas supply units and bulk gas supply units...
Book Chapter

By Rebecca Tuszynski
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., chloroprene rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, aerylonitrile-butadiene (nitrile) rubber, isobutylene-isoprene (butyl) rubber, ethylene-propylene (-diene) rubber, and silicone rubber. The article also provides an outline of the concerns related to the processing stages of rubbers or elastomers, including mixing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... the properties and compositions of fuel types such as acetylene, natural gas, propane, propylene, and methyl-acetylene-propadiene-stabilized gas. The article describes the effects of OFC on base metal, including carbon and low-alloy steels, cast irons, and stainless steels. It provides information on light...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...Abstract Abstract This article contains a table that lists the properties of various fuel gases, namely, acetylene, hydrogen, methane, methyl acetylene propadiene, propane, propylene, and natural gas. It discusses shielding gases, their mixtures and uses in gas metal arc welding, flux cored arc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... on soft natural rubber, semihard natural rubber, hard natural rubber, neoprene or polychloroprene, chlorobutyl, three-ply linings, nitrile, and ethylene propylene with a diene monomer. Emphasis is placed on advantages, disadvantages, and common uses of each material discussed. abrasion resistance...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 21 Effect of load applied to the specimen in vibratory polishing of low-carbon steel. Specimens were rough polished on 1 μm diamond and finish polished for 4 h on 0.1 μm Al 2 O 3 suspended in a 2-to-1 mixture of propylene glycol and water. (a) Using a 40 g load. (b) Using a 70 g load. (c More
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 22 Effect of addition of different amounts of NH 4 OH to the suspending liquid in vibratory polishing of a cast α-β brass. Specimens were polished with magnesia suspended in a 3-to-1 mixture of propylene glycol and water. (a) Using no addition of NH 4 OH; note numerous polishing scratches More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... 2 2 2 3 Isobutylene-isoprene (butyl rubber) IIR 2 2 2 4 2 6 6 2 2 6 Ethylene-propylene-diene-terpolymer EPDM 1 1 1 3 1 4 5 1 1 6 Chlorobutyl rubber CIIR 2 2 2 4 2 6 6 2 2 3 Scale: 1, excellent, to 6, insufficient. Source: Ref 1 Environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... … … √ … … Hexafluropropylene … … √ … … Propylene … … … √ √ Ethylene … √ … … √ Special cure monomers Yes No Yes/No No Yes/No Sequence (b) R R R A R See text for description of elastomers. (a) Per ASTM D 1418. (b) R, random; A, alternating Natural Rubber (NR) Natural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., polyether and polyester 100 80 Styrene butadiene 100 40 Natural rubber 100 30 Chlorinated polyethylene 95 40 Chloroprene 95 40 Chlorosulfonated polyethylene 95 50 Silicone 90 25 Polyacrylate 90 40 Nitrile 90 20 Fluorocarbon 90 65 Ethylene propylene, ethylene...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... hydrocarbons. Solvation in these systems occurs by relatively weak van der Waals-London forces. The dipolar aprotic solvents include dimethyl formamide, propylene carbonate, acetonitrile, ketones, aldehydes, esters, and asymmetric halogenated hydrocarbons. The dipolar aprotic system displays electrostatic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Polyphenylene sulfide 500 533 Alkyd, reinforced 450 505 Felt, tetrafluoroethylene fluorocarbon 450 505 Melamine, reinforced 430 494 Diallyl phthalate 400 478 Epoxy amine coating 400 478 Fluorocarbon, fluorinated ethylene propylene 400 478 Fluorocarbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Saturated alcohols Remarks 1,2-propylene glycol Most common glycol Ethylene glycol Less compatible with styrene than propylene glycol Diethylene glycol Good drying properties Neopentyl gylcol Good hydrolysis resistance Glycerol Trifunctional alcohol, for branched polyesters. Danger...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... organic compound (VOC)-exempt solvents. It was discovered that FEVE flake grades were soluble in all but one of the five major VOC-exempt solvents. The FEVE resins are soluble in acetone, Oxsol 100 (Makhteshim Agan Industries), t-butyl acetate, and dimethyl carbonate. They are not soluble in propylene...