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propionic acid

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... … … 0.10 4 100.0 … … … … 0.25 10 … … … … (a) Oxygen not controlled. (b) Deaerated, coupons exposed to the refluxed condensate. (c) 48 h exposure Fig. 9 Resistance to corrosion of 1100-H14 (A91100) aluminum alloy in propionic acid solutions at various temperatures...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) … … … … Ammonium hydroxide To pH To pH … … … … Lactic acid, g/L (oz/gal) … … … 28 (3.7) … … Malic acid, g/L (oz/gal) … … … … 35 (4.7) … Amino-acetic acid, g/L (oz/gal) … … … … … 40 (5.3) Sodium hydroxyacetate, g/L (oz/gal) … … 10 (1.3) … … … Propionic acid, g/L (oz/gal...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.../gal) … … 10 (1.3) … … … Propionic acid, g/L (oz/gal) … … … 2.2 (0.3) … … Acetic acid, g/L (oz/gal) … … … … … 10 (1.3) Succinic acid, g/L (oz/gal) … … … … 10 (1.3) … Lead, ppm … … … 1 … … Thiourea, ppm … … … … 1 … Operating conditions pH 8.5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... propionate Ethyl butyrate Ethyl isobutyrate Ethyl caproate Ethyl caprylate Ethyl propionate Ethyl succinate Amyl butyrate Amyl isobutyrate Amyl caproate Amyl caprylate Methyl butyrate Methyl caproate Methyl propionate Methyl succinate Benzyl butyrate Benzyl...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...% at temperatures up to the boiling point. Impurities present in the manufacture of acetic acid, such as acetaldehyde, formic acid, chlorides, and propionic acid, are expected to increase the attack of stainless steels. Chlorides can cause pitting or SCC. Formic acid is one of the more aggressive organic acids...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...–1.22 21–48 3–7 … 485–1240 70–180 1.6–5.3 3.0–10.0 Cellulose nitrate 1.35–1.40 48–55 7–8 … 1310–1515 190–220 2.7–3.7 5–7 Cellulose propionate 1.19–1.22 28–48 4–7 … 760–1240 110–180 0.90–5.0 1.7–9.4 Ethyl cellulose 1.10–1.17 21–55 3–8 … 345–2415 50–350 0.90–3.7 1.7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... made with the salts of glycolic, citric, or acetic acids. Later baths were prepared using other polydentate acids, including succinic, glutaric, lactic, propionic, and aminoacetic. The complexing ability of an individual acid or group of acids varies, but may be quantified by the amount...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... in.). The pH values of solutions were adjusted with HCl and NaOH. Test temperature was 60 °C (140 °F). Beyond the limits of the passive range, aluminum corrodes in aqueous solutions because its oxides are soluble in many acids and bases, yielding Al 3+ ions in the former and AlO 2 − (aluminate) ions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
...) for 2 min Na 3 PO 4 12H 2 O 50 g Etching bath Conc. H 2 SO 4 40 ml 65 °C (149 °F) for 2 min H 3 PO 4 20 ml DM water 40 ml Propionic acid, C 3 H 6 O 2 0.1 ml Distilled with deionized water Room temperature Pretreatment bath for Zn (zincate) NaOH 400 g Room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... 6 394 15.5 188 7.4 239 9.4 12 660 26.0 277 10.9 470 18.5 24 1100 43.3 518 20.4 823 32.4 Petrochemical Chlorides, hydrogen sulfide, and sulfur dioxide 6 51 2.0 23 0.9 30 1.2 12 76 3.0 30 1.2 41 1.6 24 86 3.4 30 1.2 48 1.9 Sulfuric acid Sulfuric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... in acids Acid Temperature Corrosion rate °C °F mm/yr mils/yr Acetic, all concentrations Boiling <0.05 2 Acetylsalicylic, all concentrations Boiling <0.05 2 Aqua regia Room Potential dissolution (a) Arsenic Room Dissolution Ascorbic, all concentrations Room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...) 10 Room E Phosphoric acid 5–30 Room E Phosphoric acid 35–85 Room E Phosphoric acid 85 Room to 38 (100) E Phosphoric-sulfuric+CuSO 4 15H 3 PO 4 -10H 2 SO 4 Room to 66 (150) E Picric acid Concentrated … E Propionic acid vapor … 190 (375) E Pyrogallic acid...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
...) with a standardized solution of a base, such as sodium hydroxide. A few acids are soluble in water (formic, acetic, propionic in the carboxylic acid category and benzenesulfonic and toluenesulfonic acid) and can be dissolved in water and titrated directly with a sodium hydroxide solution of known normality. Acids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
.... With the addition of nitrogen, it is possible to produce austenitic grades with up to 7% Mo for improved corrosion resistance in chloride environments. Other special grades include the high-chromium grades for high-temperature applications and the high-nickel grades for inorganic acid environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Table 5 Corrosion resistance of electroplated chromium deposits immersed in various acids Acid Concentration, % Temperature Corrosion rate °C °F mm/yr mils/yr Acetic 10 12 55 nil 58 135 0.38 15 100 12 55 nil 58 135 0.20 8 Anthranilic Saturated 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., and propionic) are the most common acids associated with formicary corrosion. Damage can occur in weeks, and the site of attack is usually so localized and microscopic that it is not obvious to the unaided eye. Condensation in critical areas can contribute to corrosion. Typical structures susceptible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... 711 – 724 10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00528-4 3. Samuelson O. , Ion Exchange Separations in Analytical Chemistry , Almqvist and Wiksell/Wiley , 1963 10.1097/00010694-196311000-00033 4. Jensen D. , Weiss J. , Rey M. , and Pohl C.J. , Novel Weak Acid Cation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... of TiO 2 , anatase, or a mixture of rutile and anatase ( Ref 6 ). In dilute reducing acids, a 20 to 100 Å multiplex film consisting of a hydrated titanium sesquioxide (Ti 2 O 3 ) inner layer and a TiO 2 outer layer has been shown to form ( Ref 7 ). Increasing redox potential favors TiO 2 formation...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
..., cellulose acetate-butyrate; CAP, cellulose acetate-propionate; CN, cellulose nitrate Effect of water on the <italic>T</italic><sub>g</sub> of TGMDA/DDS systems Table 5 Effect of water on the T g of TGMDA/DDS systems System I (a) System II (b) System III (c) Moisture gain, wt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... stainless steels for different grade applications Environment Grades (a) Acids Hydrochloric acid Stainless is not generally recommended except when solutions are very dilute and at room temperature (pitting may occur). Mixed acids There is usually no appreciable attack on type 304...