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product life cycle

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Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... discusses the concept of life-cycle analysis (LCA), a quantitative accounting of the environmental and economic costs of using a given material and the energy required to make, distribute, operate, and eventually dispose of the host product and its constituent materials. An important but often overlooked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... analysis and prevention. Failure analysis and prevention processes to determine the root cause of failures that arise at different stages of the product life cycle are reviewed. The article describes the mechanisms of plastic product failure analysis. It discusses the trends in the use of medical polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
...-life. This behavior can be used to determine the strength of a radioactive source at any one time, provided its strength at one time is known. (Normally, source manufacturers provide the source strength as of a given date along with each new source). A graph of source strength versus time is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms, models, prevention, correction, and effects associated with decarburization inherited from semi-finished product processing prior to induction heating. It discusses the diffusion of carbon in austenitic iron, which has a face-centered cubic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... serviceability in order to detect, locate, measure and evaluate flaws; to assess integrity, properties and composition; and measure geometric characteristics.” This approach is in stark philosophical contrast to testing (perhaps destructively) a production-sibling component or material specimen and inferring...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article describes design factors for products used in engineering applications. The article groups these factors into three categories: functional requirements, analysis of total life cycle, and other major factors. These categories intersect and overlap, constituting a major...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... this article. The life cycle of plastics has four phases: poly formation, part fabrication, product service, and disposal. Landfilling is still the primary method of final disposal, and incineration is another option, but recycling has recently become a viable alternative. The recycling process...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract The selection of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This article classifies various engineered...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... proactive approach is the development of a product stewardship program. Such a program informs users of possible hazards and tells them how products should be used to avoid undue health, safety, and environmental risks. The program should cover the entire life cycle of a product. For instance, under the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the assessment of the whole component life, with the conditions for crack initiation, cyclic crack growth, and final fracture. It must be distinguished between an infinite-life design, where the number of cycles is not important, and a finite-life design, in which the cycles up to the end of life must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
.... Flue gases in a direct-fired furnace are the effluent products created by combustion of hydrocarbon fuel. The composition of these gases inside a furnace contains a mixture of some, or all, of the following principal components: carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the boric acid has dissolved. Addition agents are important for the production of dense, fine-grain deposits and the improvement of throwing power in a tin-lead solution operation. Many organic addition agents have been used in tin-lead solutions, including bone glue, gelatin, peptone, aldehyde...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... foundry technique Highest quality Tolerance and repeatability very good Remarks Very versatile in size, shape, and internal configurations … Excellent for fast production rates Fig. 1 Al-5% Si alloy microstructures resulting from different solidification rates characteristic of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... affecting die life and explains the effect of thread form on processing. It provides information on various fluids used in thread rolling to cool the dies and the work and to improve the finish on the rolled products. The article provides a comparison between thread rolling and cutting, as well as between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... characteristics in tubular products in service to estimate remaining service life. Dimensional evaluation of tubular products is performed using traditional methods (visual inspection and contact measurement devices). However, products are now available for noncontact measurement of tube and pipe, such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... heat-tracer pipe should have been properly positioned, complete with insulation. Corrosion form and mechanism Chemical—sulfuric acid, waterline, overheating Material Ferrous, carbon steel Product form Pipe Fig. 2 The area of the same carbon steel pipe system as in Fig. 1...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... temperature surface finish casting design mold life mold temperature control THE PERMANENT MOLD CASTING PROCESS involves the production of castings by pouring molten metal into permanent metal molds using gravity, low pressure, vacuum, or centrifugal pressure. Simple reusable cores are usually made of...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... crystal growth, and by solidifying cast product as rapidly as feasible. The conventional high-pressure die casting process normally solidifies product rapidly enough that artificial nuclei are not needed, but even there, added AlP 3 nuclei may offset the less-than-ideal melt temperature and melt flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... occurs after mixing and during application can result in different shades and performance in different areas. Probable causes: Old stock, heavily pigmented paint, and incorrect formulation of product. Can be a problem with zinc-rich primers Prevention: Use products within shelf life. Use...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... equipment and operation, microhardness testing is usually, although not necessarily, performed in a laboratory. Such a laboratory, however, is often a process-control laboratory and may be located close to production operations. Microhardness testing is recognized as a valuable method for controlling...